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The Rebellions of 1815-1838
Transcript of The Rebellions of 1815-1838
200 rebels built a log fort at village of St. Charles where British troops then attacked and the rebels
Papineau and other leaders fled to the U.S.A.
biggest battle took place on December 14 at St. Eustache where over 1000 Patriotes wrecked the church and several other buildings
the British attacked the church and set fire to it
Dr. Chenier and 70 other rebels died trying to escape the fire. Aftermath in Lower Canada 12 rebels were hanged
58 were sent to a prison in Australia
1200 prisoners were set free
Louis-Joseph Papineau and others that fled to the United States were going to be executed if they returned to Canada.
the colony's Legislative Assembly (that was elected by the people and led by Papineau) was suspended until 1841 and the governor and a special Council ruled Causes for Rebellin inUpper Canada radicals wanted Upper Canada to have a government like the Americans
Legislative Council were controlled by a group of elites, called Family Compact they were friends of the lieutenant-governor
had greater power and they often ignored the Legislative Assembly (who were elected by voters)
people were suffering because of the economic depression
there was also widespread crop failures in Upper Canada in 1837 Events in Upper Canada October 1837 news arrived about the rebellion in LC
British troops left Toronto to defend the government (of Lower Canada)
Mackenzie, the radical Reformer, began to ride countryside to get people against the government
December 5, Mackenzie led a group of about 800 men to Toronto where a small band of defenders fired on them and then fled
December 6, 600 of colony's military came then rebels ran away
Mackenzie stayed until the end and then escaped to the United States
he was later arrested and imprisoned for 11 months 1837 depression hit the U.S.A, Britain & British North America, prices dropped and businesses failed
crop failures in Lower Canada left many farmers near starvation
French-speaking inhabitants were afraid to lose their language rights and protection of their Roman Catholic religion with the arrival of these english-speaking immigrants
an outbreak of cholera in the colony brought by immigrants killed 5500 people louis was the LC seigneur. He defended british North America during war 1812. was elected to legislative Assembly. Louis Papineau was a supporter of the roman catholic.Louis became the leader of parti Canadiens. 1830 agreed for a american-style Democratic system (of government). Robert is from Scotland.
Robert wanted poor people to farm.
Robert sent a questionnaire to farmers in upper canada.
Robert was disliked by family compact for stirring up the farmers
farmers began to have meeting talk about there concerns such as..(4 problems name.)
Robert was saw as someone who caused alot of trouble -who saw him like that was family compact. Robert Gourlay (1778-1863) Chateau Clique- small group that had most power (in government)
members were British background or wealthy Canadiens who favoured the British system government
Parti Canadien- predominately Canadian
wanted to increase the power of Legislative Assembly and reform the government to make it more democratic Louis Joseph Papineau Louis Joseph Papineau the leader of the rebels (he lead the patriots) after the rebellions louis fled to the USA would not be arrested. He would be executed if he returned to canada Mackenzie was born in Scotland and emigrated to BNA in 1820
1824 he made a newspaper to speak out on the land problems and the power of the Family Compact
he was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada and a Reformer
he wanted the government to adopt the American system of government and later became a Radical and led the rebellion in UC
Mackenzie felt that rebellion was a good idea to see changes in UC. Sir Francis Bond Head was appointed to the lieutenant-governor in UC
Bond head was an ally and friend to the Reformers
reformers did not vote to pass the money bills and without money bills all work was stopped such as building of roads, bridges, and docks
Bond Head called election to which he campaigned.
colony were worried about their roads, bridges, and docks. William Lyon Mackenzie 2 Political Groups in Lower Canada Aftermath in Upper Canada people were afraid to speak out because moderate reformers were branded as rebels
British government sent John Lambton to take over as gov general to investigate the causes of the rebellion
he recommended the union of the Canadas
in 1841 Union of the Canadas was formally established 2 Political Groups in Upper Canada Family Compact
family compact a small group of officials controlled executive and legislative council
family compact was English speaking people
the family compact belong to the church of England, disliked the Americans and liked British style government. reformers had limited power
were two different kinds of reformers 1-modern reformer. 2-radical reformer.
Modern reformer- rebellion could take place without violence.
Radical Reformer- only way to freedom was to do away with British style government. Reformers SIR FRANCIS BOND