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Dreamscapes; Surrealism

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Alison Brown

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Dreamscapes; Surrealism

Dreamscapes Surrealism This painting is Dalí's interpretation of the Greek myth of Narcissus. Narcissus was a youth of great beauty who loved only himself and broke the hearts of many lovers. The gods punished him by letting him see his own reflection in a pool. He fell in love with it, but discovered he could not embrace it and died of frustration. Relenting, the gods immortalised him as the narcissus (daffodil) flower. For this picture Dalí used a meticulous technique which he described as 'hand-painted colour photography' to depict with hallucinatory effect the transformation of Narcissus, kneeling in the pool, into the hand holding the egg and flower. Narcissus as he was before his transformation is seen posing in the background. The play with 'double images' sprang from Dalí's fascination with hallucination and delusion. Salvador Dali (1904 - 1989) René Magritte (1898 - 1967) This work is made from a commercial plaster reproduction of the death mask of the French Emperor Napoleon. Magritte painted at least five of these casts, each with sky and clouds. Discussing the works, the artist’s friend the Surrealist poet Paul Nougé suggested an association between death, dreams and the depth of the sky. He commented: ‘a patch of sky traversed by clouds and dreams [can] transfigure the very face of death in a totally unexpected way’. Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and designer. He joined the Surrealists in 1929 and his talent for self-publicity rapidly made him the most famous representative of the movement. Throughout his life he cultivated eccentricity and exhibitionism (one of his most famous acts was appearing in a diving suit at the opening of the London Surrealist exhibition in 1936), claiming that this was the source of his creative energy. The Treachery of Images (This is Not a Pipe), 1928-29

Magritte said of his pipe: ‘I’ve been criticised enough for it! Yet, could you stuff my pipe? No, it’s just a representation. So if I had written “This is a pipe” below the picture, I would have been lying’ ‘This evocation of night and day seems to me to have the power to delight and surprise us’ The Listening Room, 1958 The Dominion of Light, 1953 The Future of Statues, 1937 What is Surrealism? Lesson 1: Surrealism is a cultural movement and artistic style that was founded in 1924 by André Breton. Surrealism style uses visual imagery from the subconscious mind to create art without the intention of logical comprehensibility.

The movement was begun primarily in Europe, centered in Paris, and attracted many of the members of the Dada community. Influenced by the psychoanalytical work of Freud and Jung, there are similarities between the Surrealist movement and the Symbolist movement of the late 19th century.

Some of the greatest artists of the 20th century became involved in the Surrealist movement, and the group included Giorgio de Chirico, Man Ray, René Magritte, and many others.

The Surrealist movement eventually spread across the globe, and has influenced artistic endeavors from painting and sculpture to pop music and film directing.

The greatest known Surrealist artist is the world famous Salvador Dali. Man Ray (1890 - 1976) Gift, 1921 Object to be
Destroyed, 1923 Lesson 2: Artist Studies Lesson 3: Perspective Lesson 4: Mind map of ideas Lesson 5: Scale Lesson 6: Colour Lesson 7: Lesson 8-11: Final Idea Final Piece Giorgio de Chirico (1888 - 1978) The Archaeologists (detail), 1968 Piazza d'Italia, 1925 Max Ernst (1891 - 1976) The Entire City, 1934 Forest and Dove, 1927 Celebes, 1921 Man with a Newspaper, 1928 Task: Choose one image from the Surrealist image sheets and create a full study or a viewfinder section from the image.

DON'T FORGET to include the artist's name, and the title and date of the artwork!!! Not sure which is your favourite?
Why not use a range of viewfinder sections and make an interesting page of mixed artworks. Remember to include the artists' names and the titles and dates of ALL artworks - try and add them on in an interesting way; going around the edge of the picture!? Lesson 12: Evaluation Task: Produce a mindmap of possible ideas to include in your final design.
Make sure you include:
- what materials you could./would like to use
- what images/objects you could draw/paint/photograph
- what those images/objects could be used as; e.g. an orange peal as a planet
- possible colour combinations (complimentary/harmonious/realistic)
- layout ideas; e.g. a face screaming and inside the mouth could be a room Homework Task: http://prezi.com/ygwe1erpzzka/perspective/?auth_key=3e74c9be1d2fce8de494b408c47b471f5d875352 The purpose of these homework tasks is for you to think creatively about putting together a mind map and presenting it as a piece of artwork.
TASK 1: Create a Jigsaw puzzle with 6 pieces out of a piece of A3 paper.
TASK2: In each piece of the jigsaw puzzle create a mind map on the following topics:
HobbiesFamily and FriendsPeople I admire
Objects in your roomFavourite placesAmbitions and Dreams
TASK 3: Use images and colour to decorate each section of your jigsaw puzzle. Year 8 Mind Map Jigsaw Lesson 4: What is
creative thinking? Chose 3 letters from the alphabet. Label each letter 1, 2 or 3.
Next think of a random object beginning with each of the 3 letters. Try to keep the first object that comes to mind - this is often the most interesting!
Now choose one of the 'seeing' objects.

Your task is to create a picture, using the 'seeing' object as the frame to look through to your 3 random objects. The object you labeled 1 should be in the foreground, 2 should be in the middle and 3 should be in the background - giving your picture perspective! Starter: What's the connection? DEADLINE:
week beginning 19th November
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