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Summary of the Hungarian Government's anti-corruption action

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Nagy Rita

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Summary of the Hungarian Government's anti-corruption action

Anti-corruption and transparency in Hungary
Main Pillars
1. Legal Framework
Appointment of a government commissioner responsible for accountability and anti-corruption coordination in 2010

Fundamental Law in 2012:
constitutional protection of national assets
3. Public Administration Corruption Prevention Program
From 2012
Internal crime prevention and crime detection
2. Enhanced cooperation
between the government and institutions involved in
the fight against corruption
2013 New Criminal Code:
4. Education and training
5. International cooperation
6. Future Plans
- separate chapter on Corruption Crimes
- incorporates purchase of influence as a new office
- offences with new contents: ei.: economic fraud or budget fraud
- extends the objective scope of criminal measures
applicable to legal persons
(upon recommendation from MONEYVAL Committee of the Council of Europe and OECD WG on Bribery)
More emphasis on local level
2011 National Defense Service:
State Audit office's anti-corruption activity :

Integrity Project
Statement on a joint and efficient public action against corruption signed by:
Minister of Public Administration and Justice,
President of the State Audit Office
President of the Supreme Court
Supreme Prosecutor
Thank you for your attention!

Aims at improving the State's resistance to corruption by preventing acts of corruption and enhancing integrity
Implements the integrity management system in governmental organizations by 2014
Total budget: EUR 2.3 million
Combines repression and prevention
2012-2013 Common workshops with OECD to disseminate
international experiences and best practices among
Hungarian public servants
2012 - Cooperation contract between the State Audit office and the new National University of Public Service
Integrity officers in the institutions
Trainings for public officials
(approx. 720 leader and 8550 p. officials)
New specialized postgraduate course from
2013 September for integrity advisers (NUPS, 120 pers.)

Anti-corruption values appear in the new
National Core Curriculum from Autumn 2013
2010 - Hungary joined International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) - professional cooperation, trainees
2012 - Hungary joined the Open Government Partnership

New Public Procurement Act in 2012
Elections April 2014 - several provisions of the new Elections Procedure act also aim at reducing corruption
Institutions with special responsibility for fight
against corruption and independent state bodies
are required to provide a general summary report
annually on their activities to the government
Within the Corruption Prevention Program:
- From October 2013 Social communication campaign for
public awareness - trust-building measures
- Target group: society, public officials
- Testimony videos, road-show
Hungary chose a new direction in 2011 from:
legal integrity approach

The long term strategic vision aims at laying down sustainable foundations of the new approach
(not new institutions as it is often the case)

Now we are in the phase of collecting experience

First tangible results of the anti-corruption program

First successes - several positive feedback from OECD etc.; program is taken as best practice by EU COM
Ongoing renewal of law on
whistleblower protection
Building on the existing public servant staff to improve itself - to reach sustainable change
Case Study
Rita Nagy
Introduction - Corruption in Hungary
Eurobarometer survey (2011): 96% of Hungarians agreed that corruption is a major problem in Hungary
No specialized organization
dealing with corruption issues

Appr. 850 corruption-related
crimes committed per year
Hungary is medium affected
by corruption - deteriorating trend
Transparency International corruption perception index (CPI)
How to overcome these problems?
Creation a comprehensive Public Administration Development Program

Strategic Anti-corruption Prevention Program of the Public Administration
(Gov. Dec. 1104/2012. )
New, value-based approach
1. Legal Framework

2. Enhanced cooperation and

3. Anti-corruption Prevention Program

4. Education & trainings

5. International cooperation

6. Future Plans

Strengthening the legal background of accountability (Fundamental Law, State Audit Office, National Protective Service)
At the beginning strengthening of the legal framework
Regular monthly consultations
with NGOs
The most important elements
of the Program
1. Ethics:
Establishment of the Hungarian Government Officials Corps
Green Book on Ethics (prepared by the Ministry)
Adoption of the Code of Professional Ethics (June 2013)

2. Partnership:
With the National University of Public Service
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
New types of cooperation with internal and external stakeholders
Monthly meetings with NGOs
Cooperation agreements for pilot projects
3. Integrity management system:
Gov. Decree 50/2013. (II. 25.) on the integrity management system
Integrity advisers (networking)
Corruption prevention action plan (part of the strategy planning)
Guidelines by the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice


Why Integrity?
From the rule-based approach to
value-based approach
„Integrity means doing what is right event if it is
„Prevention is better than cure.”
Less theory, more practice
China – professional contacts
Macedonia – Twinning Project on anti-corruption
International conference and workshop on Teaching Integrity for Public Officials

2013 European Commission – EU Anti-corruption Report
OECD – Framework agreement (workshops)
Preparation for the new EU programming period

Involving business sector & local government

Center of excellence at the NUPS

Networking of integrity advisers

Integrity coaching

Mapping job risks

Deepen international relations

Optimism and engagement is essential
Project management approach
Stable financing
Strategic framework
Thinking long-term
Step by step

Lessons learned
Future Plans II.
Shared responsibility of state institutions and society

Trust-building measures

Long term strategic vision
Main message
Full transcript