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Comparison of the Korean War and Vietnam War
Transcript of Comparison of the Korean War and Vietnam War
US Aerial superiority played a more effective role in Korean due to battles on open ground
Vietnam was guerrilla warfare
Wars were drawn out longer and required more patience on the part of the US.
Large tunnel network made US aerial superiority less effective
Vietnam was a people's war and the declining US support ended the war on the side for the US
Enemy looked the same as the allies and made it difficult for the Americans
Korea had a demilitarized zone after the war but Vietnam did not Differences Differences Similiarities Both wars were limited wars
Fundamentally based off the Truman Doctrine and containment policy
US provided high military aid, advisors, and even combat troops
Considered using nuclear weapons in both wars but never did
During both wars, the communist fighters (North Korea and North Vietnam) were supported by China and Soviets for military equipment Differences Similiarities Similarities Korean War highly involved USSR and China
Korean War involved policing from various countries (through United Nations) and Vietnam War was solely an American initiative
US had world support in Korea
USSR vocally supported North Korea but not North Vietnam
Differences They both involved the Truman Doctrine
Both involved the Domino Theory
Severe casualties for American opposition
Populations generally divided between communist and non-communist (North Korea vs North Vietnam) Korean War: 370,000 North Koreans dead
Vietnam War: <1,000,000 North Vietnamese and Vietcong dead
Vietnam had more publicized death and destruction (My Lai Massacre)
Vietnam War hurt the environment with defoliants like Agent Orange
Other War Aspects - Propaganda Similarities Differences In Korea, there was a draw with treaty respected.
In Vietnam, the treaty (Paris Accords) not respected by the North and they invaded the South in 1975 No decisive victory for either side when respective treaties were signed
Anti-War sentiment existed for both Korean War and Vietnam, but it was stronger in the Vietnam War
Both wars involved significant American intervention and called for action through media and propaganda Korean War was considered a distant war, not involving a lot of troops, but the Vietnam War was covered extensively in American media and later led to major disapproval Korean War helped other countries like Japan, as it boosted the Japanese economy
China gained respect of Asian nations for standing its ground against USA at the end of Korean War
US was cautious about getting involved in local conflicts after Vietnam
South Korea now has a flourishing economy. North Korea is struggling immensely
Vietnam has a much weaker economy Both sides are going towards democracy TODAY