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Phrases and Clauses by Louis Cardot and Rohan Misra

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Louis Cardot

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Phrases and Clauses by Louis Cardot and Rohan Misra

A verb phrase is the verbal part of a clause or the verbs in a clause. For example:
has been living
in Paris.
has had
a pet dog.
A phrase is a small group of words that form a meaningful unit within a clause that does not contain a verb or a subject. There are several types of phrases. They are:
-Noun Phrase
-Adjective Phrase
-Verb Phrase
-Adverbial Phrase
-Prepositional Phrase
-Gerund Phrase
-Infinitive Phrase
-Appositive Phrase
-Dangling Phrase
-Participial Phrase
Santa Clause
And our favorite clause, Santa Clause.


A clause is a group of related words or phrases containing a subject and a verb. The most common clause are called independent and dependent clauses. A dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause. There are also clauses called relative clauses, and sentential clauses.
Clauses an also be said as restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses. Restrictive clauses have to be in the sentence and nonrestrictive clauses can be taken out.

Louis Cardot and
Rohan J. Misra
Sentence Phrases and Clauses
An adjective phrase is the part of
the phrase that contains the
adjectives. For example:
He has had a
very interesting
A lot of kids are
really athletic.
A noun phrase is built around
a noun and contains words that
describe the noun For example:
vase of roses
stood on the
She was reading a
book about
the right of women.

The basic part of grammar is called a clause. Many phrases work together to make the clause. All these parts make a sentence.
A adverbial phrase is built with
the adverb and the words
describing it. For example:
The economy recovered
He did the drum solo
as fast
as possible.

A prepositional phrase is a phrase with a preposition and the word following after it. For example:
I always wanted to live
under he ocean.
He was read a book
about The White House and the presidents.
A gerund phrase is a phrase that contain a verb used as a noun. For example:
is fun.
is fun to do.
A infinitive phrase is a phrase that has a verb that act as different parts of speech. For example:
I love
to swim.
I can't wait
to see!
An appositive phrase is a noun that renames another noun. For example:
My grandmother,
a lovely person
, bakes many cakes.
my brother,
likes to play video games.
A participial phrase are words formed from verbs but act as adjectives.
For example:

Independent clauses are clauses that act on their own and can be a sentence. Dependent clauses are clauses that can not stand on their own and have to have an independent clause to create a grammatically correct sentence.

Independent Clause:
Jonny decided to buy a cat.

Dependent Clause:
Needing a friend
, Jonny bought a cat.
Relative clauses are dependent clauses that start with a relative pronoun (that, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, and of which). A sentential clause is a relative clause that modifies entire clauses.

Relative Clause:
Steve said that his wart, which had been bothering him for years, had to be removed.

Sentential Clause:
Charlie might very well take a job as headmaster, in which case the school might as well close down.

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