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The Romantic Period
Transcript of The Romantic Period
Greater variety of instruments, especially newly invented wind instruments (thanks to the industrial revolution)
Melodies --> longer, more dramatic and emontional
Tempos --> more extreme, later on called as Tempo Rubato
Harmonies --> Fuller, usually more dissonant
Formal structures --> expanded, often determined by the programmatic content of piece. The Romantic Period What was happening in Romantic Period? life was changing quickly and new ideas began to sprout
liberalism is an example
was also the end of slave trading
industrial revolution, hard life for workers
period of social upheaval (French and American Revolutions)
rise of middle class, music is no longer for the upper class only.
nationalism came into play; songs filled with devotion to country are made. The French Revolution was a result of the strife between the different estates, or social groups, in France.
The three estates were the Clergy, the Nobles, and the Peasants, in that order.
A lot of Peasants earned very little, and yet the Peasants were the most highly taxed estate.
However, the "Peasants" also included the bourgeois, the large and wealthy middle class. This included government officials, lawyers, and merchants. The French Revolution - VIVA LA VIDA! VIVA LA REVOLUCION! - Actually, that's Spanish What is Liberalism?!? belief of the importance in liberty/equal rights
espouses a wide array of views; depends on the understanding of principles
free and fair elections
separation of church and state
all of the above is widely accepted
encompasses several intellectual trends and traditions, but dominant variants are known as classical liberalism
classical liberalism - popular in eighteenth century
social liberalism - popular in twentieth century
American and French Revolutions are examples of liberal ideas Also, at the time, France was ruled by a king who had absolute power. Some philosophers decided that the people be given power, a democracy.
There was also a financial crisis because so many wars were being waged: The Seven Years' War and American Revolutionary War.
King Louis XVI decided to call a meeting called the Estates-General in order to ask permission to raise taxes.
The third estate demanded a national assembly be established, and a constitution written.
Initially the first two estates refused, but then gave in. King Louis XVI wanted to break up the assembly, and from there, violence ensued.
There were power struggles, and the assembly gradually took power.
There was radical change, and many suspected counterrevolutionaries were executed.
Eventually, France became a republic, and the French General Napoleon Bonaparte became the head of government. Mood of the Romantic Period The Romantic Movement was not confined to music, is was a revolution in all arts and literature, which started in Germany and England.
The Romantic Period could be characterized by many of the things that characterized the French Revolution: "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity".
There was a sense of freedom and liberty, people cared for simple folk and children, and there was a general feeling of humanity.
The industrial revolution was also going on, creating the dream of commerce and industy, honoring the individual.
People were enticed by the exotic and the picturesque, so medieval and oriental were idealized.
There were no more of the traditional classical subjects: anything to do with formality or emotional restraint. Composers of the Romantic Period Johannes Brahms (1833-1897): Johannes Brahms was a German that was first introduced to music through the piano. Earlier composers that had a great influence on Brahms were Robert Schuman and Ludwig van Beethoven. Brahms was a bit of a conservationist, combining Romantic expressionism with Classical stricticism. He wrote various waltzes as well as the Cantata Rinaldo.
Frederic Chopin (1810-1901): Frederic Chopin was a child prodigy, and had already made a name for himself by age eight. He started composing at age 12, and created some inventive pieces. Some of his compositions include the Black Key Etude, which only used sharps and flats, and the Revolutionary Etude, Opus 10 No. 12.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893): The Russian Tchaikovsky was a composer well known for his symphonies, as well as his sensitivity. On numerous occasions, when upsetted, he would have a bit of a temper tantrum. Some of his works include The Romeo and Juliet Overture, as well as one of the most well known ballets of all time: The Nutcracker. NERD SANTA MOUSE . ROoTs
where did it all begin? Classical Roots Although the Romantic artists looked for more inventive music, they did not ditch Classical style
continued to write symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and operas; famous forms of Classical music. The "Uniqueness of the Romantic Era! During the Romantic Era, the composers kept
with the forms of Classical, but did not feel constrained
by them. Romantic Era composers did not have the
"attitude" towards rules established in the Classical. Thank For Watching...