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Tafsir Juz 'Amma Class #3 Surah al-Masad and an-Nasr
Transcript of Tafsir Juz 'Amma Class #3 Surah al-Masad and an-Nasr
"He will be burnt in a Fire of blazing flames!
And his wife [as well] - the carrier of firewood. Around her neck is a rope of [twisted] fiber."
He will be burned by the same flames that he loved to be called by in the dunya.
His wife's name was 'Arwah bint Harb and her Kunya was Umm Jameel. She was from the most noble women of Quraysh.
She also will be punished for her transgressions against the Prophet. She would plant thorns on the pathway of the Prophet to harm him.
Just as she aided her husband in trying to stop the da'wah of the Messenger in the dunya, she will aid punishment of her husband in the hereafter by carrying the firewood which will increase the punishment.
"When comes the Help of Allah (to you, O Muhammad against your enemies) and the conquest (of Makkah). And you see that the people enter Allah's religion (Islam) in crowds, " [Verses 1-2]
There were some tribes who were skeptical about whether the Prophet was a Messenger of Allah.
This prevented them from accepting Islam. The leaders said, "If he is victorious over his people then he is a true prophet." [Bukhari]
Once the Prophet conquered Makkah in the 8th year of Hijrah the following year people began coming to Islam in crowds.
This year (9th) is known as the year of Wufud or the year of Delegation.
This also shows the miracle of the Qur'an and that it is only from Allah as it predicted the future.
Conditions for Tawbah (Repentance) to be accepted
1. You must stop performing the sin!
2. You must feel regret
3. You must make up your mind to not do it again
4. You must be sincere
5. You must repent before you die or before the sun rises from the west.
"So glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask for His Forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and forgives" [Verse 3]
Allah is telling the Prophet once you conquer Makkah and you see the people entering Islam in waves then say Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah and Astughfirullah.
What do these words mean?
-Subhanallah: Glory be to Allah, He is free from ALL imperfections
-Alhamdulillah: All praises are due to Allah...in this statement it includes having love and glorification (Mahabbah wa Ta'dheem)
-Astughfirullah comes from the word Maghfirah and when you ask Allah for this you are asking Him to do two things:
1. To hide your sin from being exposed and
2. To overlook it and not hold you accountable
At-Tawwaab is a name of Allah and it means the One who accepts all those who return to Him.
It is important to know that whenever we ask Allah for something we should the appropriate Names of Allah in the our du'aa. This makes it more likely for our du'aa to be accepted.
"Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab, and perished is he. His wealth will not avail him or that which he gained." [Verses 1-2]
Who was Abu Lahab?
- He was one of four uncles of the Prophet. The others being Hamza, 'Abbas, and Abu Taalib.
- Abu Lahab real name was 'Abdul-'Uzza bin 'Abdil-Muttalib and his real kunya was Abu 'Utaybah.
- The reason why he was given the kunyaa Abu Lahab (flames) was because his skin had a red hue to it.
Tafsir Juz 'Amma Class #3
Surah al-Masad and an-Nasr
According to Ibn 'Abbas this was the last surah revealed.
Fathul Makkah was in the 8th year after Hijrah in the month of Ramadan.
Once this surah was revealed and the events happened, the Prophet said many times in his Rukoo' and Sujood: "Subhaana kallahumma wa bihamdik, Allahum maghfir lee" [Bukhari and Muslim]
To read a detailed account of Fathul Makkah from "The Sealed Nectar" copy and paste this link:
By: Abu Awzaa'ee AbdusSalaam
City College MSO/WII Fall '14
Reason for revelation:
After receiving revelation the Prophet began calling others to Islam secretly on an individual basis for three years. Then the verse was revealed,
"And warn your tribe of near kindred."
Responding to this verse, he then went to Mt. Safaa and called Quraysh to gather. He said,
"You see, if I were to tell you that there were some horsemen in the valley planning to raid you, will you believe me?" They said, "Yes, we only witnessed the truth from you." He said, "I am a warner to you before a severe torment (calling them to Tawheed)."
Abu Lahab promptly replied, "Have you gathered us for this?! May you perish!" The verses of surah al-Masad were immediately revealed.
"Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab..."
[Collected by Bukhari and Muslim]
The first verse contains a supplication (Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab) in the beginning and a confirmation at the end that it will happen (...and perished is he).
Perish means to be ruined.
This shows that the Qur'an could of only came from Allah because this verse was revealed in the early years of Islam, and Abu Lahab never accepted Islam.
"Which he gained" Aisha said this meant his children.
The reason why Allah revealed the second verse was because after the Prophet warned Quraysh of the painful torment Abu Lahab said that if what he is saying is true then his wealth and children will save him.
This is one of 3 surahs in Juz 'Amma that are Madani Surahs
Names for this surah: An-Nasr, Al-Fath, at-Tawdee'
When asking Allah for forgiveness you should call him by these Names:
1. Ar-Rahman: The Most Gracious
2. Ar-Rahim: The Most Merciful
-These two Names should be used when asking Allah for His Rahma (mercy)
*The difference between Ar-Rahman an Ar-Rahim is that the first is Allah's mercy to all of creation and the second is His mercy specially for the believers.
3. Al-Ghafoor: The Forgiver (asking Allah to cover and overlook your sins)
4. Al-Ghaffaar: The Ever Forgiving (more emphasis than #3)
-These Names should be used when asking Allah for His Maghfirah (forgiveness)
5. Al-'Afwu: The Pardoner (The One who erases the sin completely and its consequences)
-This Name should be used when asking Allah for His pardon.
-This Name should be used when repenting to Him.
“The most beautiful names belong to Allah:
so call on Him by them.”
-Mentioned by Shaykh ibn al-'Uthaymeen in his explanation of 40 Hadith.
*This surah was called at-Tawdee' (farewell) because it was a sign that the death of the Prophet was coming very soon. [mentioned by Ibn 'Abbas in Bukhari]