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Cognitive and Perceptual Characteristics
Transcript of Cognitive and Perceptual Characteristics
Characteristics Cognitive Styles Assessment of Perceptual Functioning Agenda:
- Cognitive Theory
- Cognitive Processing Model
- Perception and Attention
- Activities Piaget Self Regulation
Assimilation or Accommodation
Cognitive Maturation Field Dependence/Independence
Impulsivity and Reflectivity ATTENTION Coming into Attention - ability to receive and connect to signals in our environment
Selective Attention - refers to the ability to focus on the most relevant stimuli without being distracted by irrelevant environmental factors
Sustained Attention - the ability to exercise vigilance or the continuous monitoring of the stimuli combined with the evaluative capacity to reject that information that is not relevant. Occurs in Social Experiences
Zone of Proximal Development Vygotsky Model Of Cognitive Processing 1. We sense information, attend to it and recognize it
2. We process it in short term memory
3. We learn it by rehearsing it, organizing strategies and elaborating on it.
4. Goes into long term memory
5. Retrieval from long to short term memory for use
*May be lost among the way due to decay, interference or weak learning* How Learners with Disabilities Make connections * Attention Deficit - Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
* Learners with Disabilities have the most difficulty
with selective attention
- The Child
- The Setting
- The Task Perception * Performs the important bridge in cognitive process
1. Stimuli is given meaning
2. We create new cognitive concepts and relate to other concepts within our memory
* The Components of Perception
3. Perceptual Integration There are different tools that can be used to assess perception BUT... there are some issues with perception
You cannot "fix" perception with therapy.
Council for Learning Disabilities (1987) Why do we use
Universal Design for Learning
Word Memory Activity ACTIVITIES Attention Activity Memory Activity