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Transcript of Egyptian Art
Palette of King Narmer, c. 3150 - 3125 BCE. Slate, 25" h.
Palette of King Narmer shows a king that transcends earthly power. Both as a divinity and as a ruler.
It communicates with many different types of signs (literal, symbolic, pictographs).
Ritual usage on a grand scale.
The Old Kingdom
Regular day-to-day buildings were constructed of perishable materials, little survived.
The funerary habits of these people provides most of the information we have from the Old Kingdom.
Arabic for "bench"
Funerary Complex of King Djoser, Saqqara. 3rd Dynasty c. 2681 - 2662 BCE
Sculpture of Khafra, c. 2500 BCE. Diorite, 66"h.
Menkaure and His Wife, c. 2515 BCE. 4th Dynasty.
Prince Rahotep and His Wife, Nofret. c. 2580 BCE, painted limestone. 47.5"h
Relief Panel of Hesy-Ra, Saqqara. c. 2660 BCE. Wood, 45"h.
Sculpture of Ka-Aper, from Saqqara. c. 2450-2350 BCE. Wood, 3'7" h.
Sculpture of Seated Scribe, from Saqqara. c. 2400 BCE. Limestone, 21" h.
The Middle Kingdom
Sixth Dynasty King Pepy II died, Old Kingdom government dissolved c. 2152 BCE.
11th and 12th Dynasties make up the Middle Kingdom, c. 2040-1640 BCE.
Most art continues traditions of Old Kingdom, but sculpture of royalty broke from tradition.
Sculpture of Senwosret III, c. 1850 BCE. Quartzite, 6.5" h.
Rock-Cut Tombs at Beni Hasan,
11th and 12th Dynasties (1950-1900 BCE)
Sculpture of the Lady Sennuwy, c. 1920 BCE. Granite, 68" h.
THE NEW KINGDOM:
(not historically accurate)
Valley of Kings
Hatshepsut's Temple, Deir el-Bahri
c. 1478 - 1458 BCE
Kneeling Figure of Hatshepsut, c. 1473 - 1458 BCE. Red Granite, 8'6"h.
Built c. 2560 BCE
Lived 69-30 BCE
Last Pharaoh of Egypt
Landed on the Moon in 1969.
Which means Cleopatra, an Egyptian Pharaoh, lived closer to the Moon Landing than she did the building of the Great Pyramids.
Hypostyle Hall of Temple of Amun-Ra.
Karnak. c. 1290-1224 BCE.
Seti I's Campaigns, Temple of Amun at Karnak, Thebes. c. 1280 BCE. Sandstone, sunken relief.
Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty, c. 1279-1213 BCE
Sculpture of Senenmut with Nefrua, c. 1470-1460 BCE. Granite, 3' h.
Musicians and Dancers, fragment from Nebamun, 1350 BCE. 24" h.
Sculpture of Akhenaten, from Karnak, Thebes.
1353-1335 BCE. Sandstone, 13' h.
Akhenaten and His Family. c. 1355 BCE. Limestone, 12x15".
Sculpture of Queen Nefertiti. c. 1348-1336 BCE. Limestone, 19" h.
Weighing of the Heart and Judgement of Osiris, 1285 BCE. Painted papyrus, 15" h.