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The Colombian Revolution (1808-1824)
Transcript of The Colombian Revolution (1808-1824)
The french invasion of 1808 lead to increase nationalism and the Declaration of Independence once Spain lost.
The first governments did not desire full blown independence. Only to distance themselves from Bonaparte's new regime.
Power hungry individuals eventually brought the country to revolution. Causes of the Colombian Revolution The French invasion of Spain in 1808 caused an outburst of loyalty to the king and country and excited grave concern for the church.
The captivity of the Spanish king Ferdinand VII led to strife in New Granada and to declarations of independence.
The uprising in Bogotá on July 20, 1810, is commemorated as Independence Day in Colombia, although these new governments swore allegiance to Ferdinand VII and did not begin to declare independence until 1811. Course of the Revolution - 1810 The territories of the Vice royalty of New Granada establish their own independent governments
- 1810 The King of Spain is overthrown by Napoleon
- 1814 Spain sends troops to South America to quell the uprising of the colonists
- 1819 August 7: General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of Boyaca
- 1819 December 17: The Republic of Colombia (also known as Gran Colombia) is proclaimed consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador
- 1819 Colombia gains its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar becomes the first Colombian president Timeline of Events 1)"Colombian History." Colombian History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.colombia.travel/en/international-tourist/colombia/history>.
2)"Colombia History Timeline." Colombia History Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/11-colombia-history-timeline.htm>.
3)"Colombia : Revolution and Independence." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/126016/Colombia/25336/Revolution-and-independence>.
4)Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0857443.html>. Citations Before the revolution the elites made Criollo councils to make decisions about their country. Also, Colombia could not trade with anyone but Spain, so artisan, or skilled workers, were a big part of the Colombian economy versus merchants. Also, slavery was very common among large landowners.
During the revolution, elites argued over what form of government they would have once independent, and split into two groups. The first group was the Provincial council, who believed in freedom and liberty. The Bogota council believed in Centralism and repression.
After the Revolution, the artisan class dropped below the merchants because there was free trade so the goods came cheaper. Slavery was abolished, and the middle and lower classes now had two parties to choose from instead of one. Social Classes •First founded as a Spanish colony in the 16th century
•Tried to form a government with Colombia, Panama (after 1751), Venezuela, and Ecuador,
•Creoles, people born in south America, moved for change in the imperial system in the early 1800 including an end to slavery, free enterprise, and restrictions on government power. But they were still loyal to the king. Before Liberal and conservatives vied for power in the new government
Gen. Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera removed the government monopoly on tobacco and increased international trade.
Venezuela and Ecuador seceded in 1830, became known as New Granada and then after a civil war in 1863 the united states of Columbia was formed and the in 1886 it adopted the name of The Republic of Columbia
Tried to form a government with Colombia, Panama (after 1751), Venezuela, and Ecuador After