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Disappearance of the Mussels

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by

Bennett Hoshaw

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Disappearance of the Mussels

The Disappearance of the Mussels
Fish Swimming Toward Pollutants
The salmon are host fish to mussels. Salmon swim up river naturally. Making them swim toward harmful substances. Since the mussels attach to the salmon at a young age we think they're dying while on the salmon, when entering the harmful areas.
The Solution
The Problem
In order to fix the mussel disappearances we decided we will send inspection teams to the area and put pesticide prohibition laws into place so no pesticides can get within 25 yards of the river unless authorized to do so. We will also filter the pollutants out of the river water with a system of dams to make sure there is no trace of pesticides left.
POLLUTION IN THE RIVER
The problem in Capitol City is that the mussels are mysteriously disappearing. This problem was noticed at Hopewell Elementary School when they were going to create mussel shell necklaces and bracelets for the Adena/Hopewell School Festival. We think that this problem is being created by pollution in Capitol City.
Lancer Farm
Country Club
Factories
Unknown Substance
http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/wildlife/freshwater-mussels.asp
http://fishwild.vt.edu/mussel/PDFfiles/acute_toxicity_copper.pdf
The country club might have a pool and most pools contain chlorine. We think when they
drain the pool it could be getting into the river. Since the mussels can die from chlorine this could be part of the problem.
At the Country Club pesticides are used to keep mosquitoes from being around the course. These pesticides could have affected the population of mussels and killed them while they were young at the time they are most vulnerable.
On the farm they use pesticides to keep bugs from eating the crops. Anhydrous ammonia is used in these products.
Anhydrous ammonia can kill river life. We think that the farmers are using the ammonia and it is getting into the river.
Up river there is a computer factory called Compu Systems. There is also a pharmaceutical company BioTech Pharmaceuticals. We think that the pollutants from the factories could be contaminating the water. Such as waste from the factories being dumped into the water and air pollutants floating down to the water through rain making acid rain. Also people that receive these drugs could be dumping them in the water after they expire. Sometimes factories are built on rivers to use the water from them. The water isn't always cleaned before it is put back.
http://www.ypte.org.uk/environmental/river-pollution/35
http://fishwild.vt.edu/mussel/PDFfiles/acute_toxicity_copper.pdf
http://hosted.ap.org/specials/interactives/pharmawater_site/sept14a.html
Sewer Systems
http://www.stencilease.com/db/display.asp?input=1903
http://www.lenntech.com/rivers-pollution-quality.htm
Some sewage water is drained straight into the river. There also is careless disposal of sewage into rivers. This can pollute aquatic ecosystems. Sewage water contains harmful chemicals. Even though most sewage systems take the water away from the area the pipes could be leaky spreading these chemicals.
http://www.ypte.org.uk/environmental/river-pollution/35
http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/homework/rivers/pollution.html


http://muirbiology.wordpress.com/intermediate-2-biology/environmental-biology-and-genetics/
Up the Kenton Run the boy scout troop found a drum of an unknown substance. It was leaking into the Kenton Run. The Kenton Run then dumps it's water into the Shawnee River. "It smelled awful and kind of burned your nose," said David Phillips. This contamination could be harming the mussel population and their host fish.
http://www.the-review.com/local%20news/2013/03/11/leaking-barrel-in-walborn-reservoir
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/02/07/171384063/animal-magnetism-how-salmon-find-their-way-back-home
http://www.paphosfinder.com/gallery/kouris-dam.htm
http://www.bryantholsenbeck.com/blog/2010/responsibility/
The End
In the river there might be harmful substances
such as Anhydrous Ammonia, industrial pollutions, and sewage. These all can be harmful to the mussels.
Bright red sockeye salmon
Our clean up crew is going to be a volunteer service. Fliers will be put up around town. The necessary funds will be acquired from fundraisers to have money for the dams and clean up materials. We will be proposing a bill to the government for pesticide prohibition laws.
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