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Descriptive and prescriptive grammar

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Joaquin Cruz

on 15 June 2016

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Transcript of Descriptive and prescriptive grammar

Differences between descriptive and prescriptive grammar
Linguists create descriptive grammar in order to understand language more deeply.

Linguists understand that a single language can have multiple dialects, and that each dialect will have its own grammatical rules.

Prescriptive Grammar
A set of rules and examples dealing with the syntax and word structures of a language.

Prescriptive grammar refers to the structure of a language as certain people think it should be used.
Prescriptivists include schoolteachers, copyeditors, and others charged with correcting people's use of the language.

Prescriptivists start with the assumption that there is one "correct" way to use the language, and many incorrect ways. The "correct" version is actually the language's prestige dialect, especially its written version.
The systematic study and description of a language.

Descriptive grammar refers to the structure of a language as it is actually used by speakers and writers.
Prescriptive and descriptive grammar
Descriptive Grammar
Don’t use a double negative.
“I didn’t go nowhere.”

Don’t end a sentence in a preposition.
“Who did you give the candy bar to?”

Don’t split infinitives.
“… to boldly go where no one has gone before.”



In general
Language must change, must adapt and most grow.

I wanna go out
I'm gonna eat
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