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The Holocaust

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Arthur Ornelas

on 1 May 2017

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Transcript of The Holocaust

The
Holocaust,
from the Greek
holókaustos
(
hólos
, meaning "whole" and
kaustós
meaning "burnt") or "Burnt Whole" is the term used for the systematic destruction of Jews by the Adolf Hitler-led Nazi regime from 1932 to its destruction in 1945. Although Hitler had targeted many different people, Jews were the primary focus with over 6 of the estimated 9 million European Jews murdered under this program. Most Jews prefer the term
"Shoah",
Hebrew for catastrophe, in reference to the genocide.
The following is a timeline of major events of the Holocaust or the Shoah.

The Holocaust
Jan 30, 1933 - Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany 566,000 Jews in Germany.
Feb 22, 1933 - 40,000 SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police.
March 24, 1933 - German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers.
April 26, 1933 - The Gestapo is born, created by Hermann Göring in the German state of Prussia.
HOLOCAUST TIMELINE
Total Killed
– Over 11 million people
Approximately 6 million Jews (9 million Jews lived in Europe)
Approximately 5 million Gypsies, homeless, Communist and other “enemies” of the Reich
HOLOCAUST OUTCOME
Nov 9/10 1938
- Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass.
many Jewish businesses destroyed and Synagogs burned
Jan 25, 1940
- Nazis choose the town of Oswiecim (Auschwitz) in Poland near Krakow as site of new concentration camp (3).
Jan 30, 1933
- Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany, home of approximately 566,000 Jews.
Feb 22, 1933
- 40,000 SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police.
March 24, 1933
- German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers.
April 26, 1933
- The Gestapo is born, created by Hermann Göring in the German state of Prussia.
HOLOCAUST TIMELINE
- Apathy
Source: The History
Place
April 30, 1940
- The Lodz Ghetto in occupied Poland is sealed off from the outside world with 230,000 Jews locked inside.
In Nov
- The Krakow Ghetto is sealed off containing 70,000 Jews.
March 1, 1941
- Himmler makes his first visit to Auschwitz, during which he orders Kommandant Höss to begin massive expansion, including a new compound to be built at nearby Birkenau that can hold 100,000 prisoners.
Observe the map of concentration camps. Make a list of 7 Details that stand out to you and 7 Questions you have about any part of the map. Some of your details and questions should be of some no one else would think of. (Outside the box.)
Your word document be set up something like this:
Assignment

"The History Place - Holocaust Timeline." The History Place - Holocaust Timeline. N.p., 4 July 1996. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html>.
"The History Place - Holocaust Timeline." The History Place - Holocaust Timeline. N.p., 4 July 1996. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html>.
"The History Place." The History Place. N.p., 4 July 1994. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/>.
"The History Place." The History Place. N.p., 4 July 1994. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/>.
"Holocaust Pictures." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/tp/holocaustpictures.htm>.
Starr, Linda. "Below Is a Unit of Study for the Holocaust." Below Is a Unit of Study for the Holocaust. The History Place, 1997. Web. 21 Aug. 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/>.

Works Cited
Sept 3, 1941

- The first test use of Zyklon-B gas at Auschwitz.
May 1942

-
In occupied Poland,
Sobibor
extermination camp becomes operational.

The camp
is

fitted with three gas chambers using carbon monoxide piped in from engines, but will later use Zyklon-B.
June 25, 1943

-
Newly built gas chamber/crematory III opens at Auschwitz. With its completion,
the four new crematories at Auschwitz have a daily capacity of 4,756 bodies.
Summer 1944

- Auschwitz-Birkenau
records its highest-ever daily number of
persons gassed and burned at just over 9,000. Six huge pits are used to burn bodies,
as the number exceeds the capacity of the crematories.
July 24, 1944
- Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek where over 360,000 had been murdered.
April 10, 1945
- Allies liberate Buchenwald.
April 29, 1945

- U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.
April 30, 1945
- Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker.
May 7, 1945 -
Unconditional German surrender signed by Gen. Alfred Jodl at Reims.

Schindler's Guilt
The "Jewish Problem"
Hitler wrote about the “Jewish Peril” in
Mein Kampf
(his book)
Jewish plan for world leadership
Hitler knew of the hatred in Europe; took advantage of it
Jews blamed by many Germans for Germany’s problems
Nuremberg Laws (1935)- severely limited Jewish rights
Full transcript