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Chapter 11 Section 3: OTHER EXPRESSED POWERS

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Martha Ross

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 11 Section 3: OTHER EXPRESSED POWERS

Chapter 11 Section 3: OTHER EXPRESSED POWERS
Foreign relations power
Congress shares powers in this field with the president
Foreign relations powers comes from 2 sources:

from various expressed powers, especially the war powers and the power to regulated foreign commerce

From the fact that the United States is a sovereign state in the world community
Other expressed powers
Article 1, section 8, clause 4 gives congress the exclusive power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization in one country
NATURALIZATION- the process by which citizens become citizens of another country
America has around 11 million naturalized citizens
War powers
Congress shares power with the chief executive
Only congress can declare war and has the power to send troops and support an army
The postal power
Article 1, section 8, clause 7 gives congress power to establish post offices and post roads
Benjamin Franklin was the founder of the present day postal system
Copyrights and patents
Article 1, section 8, clause 8 gives congress power to give authors and inventors exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries
COPYRIGHT- exclusive right of an author to reproduce, publish, and sell his or her creative work
PATENT- grants person the sole right to manufacture, use or sell any new and useful art, machine and manufacture or composition of matter

Weights and measures
Article 1, section 8, clause 5 gives congress the power to fix the standard of weights and measure throughout the US
Absolute need for accurate uniform gauges Like time, distance area, weight, volume
Power over territories and other areas
Article 1, section 8, clause 17 give congress the power to acquire, manage and dispose of various federal areas
Ex. Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands
EMINENT DOMAIN- inherent power to take private property for public use
Judicial power
Congress has power to define federal crimes and set punishment for violators of federal law
Review Questions
Differentiate a copyright from a patent
Define Naturalization
What is an inherent power to take private property for public use
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