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School Garden 101

Session 5 - Pest Control
by

Rene Kittle

on 5 October 2015

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Transcript of School Garden 101

Oh no! Weeds! Diseases in the Garden Insects Management Summary IPM Integrated Pest Management


Prevention
No diseased plant material
Plant resistant varieties
Avoidance
Cultural techniques to avoid losses to pests
Monitoring
Scout all parts of the plant for pests/nutrient loss
Suppression
Biological, Cultural, Mechanical, Chemical (NO) A WEED is a plant growing where you don't want it
to grow!

Beneficial
Legume, natives
Problematic
Rhizomes - Canada Thistle/Field Bindweed
Life cycles
Annual - Completes life in one year
Biennial - Rosette 1st year/Bolt 2nd year
Perennial - Deeply rooted, returning

... Management Biological (biotic), Environmental (abiotic)
Prevention (biotic)
Bottom watering
Spacing & air flow
Sanitation
Crop rotation
Classroom rotation School Garden 101 Less than 1% of insects are pests

Most are pollinators, predators, parasites, herbivores

Increase Biodiversity
Companion planting
Release biocontrols (lady beetles)
Improve food webs
Native plants Mechanical
Hand removal
Modify habitat
Use traps / barriers
Biological
Parasites
Predators
Pheromones
Eliminate host or alternate host Don't be afraid of the pest you don't have!

Monitor

Use good sanitation practices

Use barriers when possible

Prevention! Garden Pests Weed Management
Cultivation
Intensive tillage to kill weeds, not crops
Cover cropping and green manure
Solarization
4-6 Weeks (June/July)
Clear plastic 1-6 mils
Multching and minimal tilling
Organic v. inorganic
Intensive spacing
Inter-cropping (lettuce, green onion, radish)
Vertical gardening
Summer transplants Group Discussion 1. Who currently knows about your garden?
2. Who should know about your garden?
3. How do we promote the garden?
4. How do we reaching new audiences?
5. Get donations ...
6. Advertising in the garden ...
7. Celebrating the garden ... IPM sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health and environmental risks.
Full transcript