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The History of Composer

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Alex Zhang

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of The History of Composer

Franz Joseph Haydn What period of time was he from? Franz Joseph Haydn, also known as Joseph Haydn, was one of the most prolific Austrian composer and prominent composers of the Classical period. He is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these forms. He was also instrumental in the development of the piano trio and in the evolution of sonata form.

Joseph Haydn was the brother of Michael Haydn, himself was a highly regarded composer, and Johann Evangelist Haydn, a tenor. He was also a close friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and a teacher of Ludwig van Beethoven. He was born in Rohrau, Austria on March 31,1732 Franz Joseph Haydn was from 1732 - 1809 in the Classical period When and where was the composer born and die? The house in Vienna where Haydn lived in the last years of his life, now a museum He died in Vienna, Austrian on May 31 1809, among his last words was his attempt to calm and reassure his servants when cannon shot fell in the neighborhood: "My children, have no fear, for where Haydn is, no harm can fall." Two weeks later, a memorial service was held in the Schottenkirche on June 15 1809 What kinds of music did this composer write? He wrote violin and keyboard concertos, 104 symphonies, 12 masses, 15 operas, string quartets, and piano trios music. Where did this composer learn his music? He learn his music in a school called St.Stephen Cathedral in Vienna What are some of this composer's most famous pieces? Surprise Symphony, The Creation Symphony and The Seasons Symphony What was this composer most famous for in his life? Symphony and String Quartet were his most famous works. What jobs did this composer have as a musician? Prince Nikolaus Esterházy, Haydn's most important patron •In 1740 he moved to Vienna and worked as a chorister for the next 9 years
•Between 1749 to 1752 he worked at many different jobs: as a music teacher, as a street serenader etc.
•Between 1754 and 1756 Haydn worked freelance for the court in Vienna
•In 1756 Countess Thun summoned him and engaged him as her singing and keyboard teacher after she has seen his compositions.
In same year Baron Carl Josef Fürnberg employed Haydn at his country estate, Weinzierl, where the composer wrote his first string quartets.
•Later on Fürnberg recommended Haydn to Count Morzin, who in 1757 became his first full-time employer.
•Count Morzin suffered financial reverses it forced Haydn dismiss his musical establishment, but soon but Haydn was soon offered to Kapellmeister job, in 1761, by Prince Paul Anton, head of the immensely wealthy Esterházy family. Prince Paul Anton What are two interesting fact about this composer? 1. Owned a parrot that lived in his studio, and learned to sing the opening line of Austrian Hymn.
2. Although he spoke a foreign language, to him did not seem foreign. Ludwig van Beethoven Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Johann Evangelist Haydn Michael Haydn Surprise Symphony Joseph Haydn - The Creation Spring from The Seasons by Joseph Haydn SOURCE Wikipedia

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