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Copy of Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Copy of Industrial Revolution
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services. Industrial Revolution Why did it happen? The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to some time between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines and factories that held them... What was the Industrial Revolution? 1. New technology in farming:
Example: Jethro Tull's seed drill 2. New ideas in farming:
Examples: crop rotation & the "enclosure system" 4. New technologies
Examples: James Watt's steam engine, smelting iron with coal as the energy source Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Britain? 1. natural resources
Examples: coal, iron, rivers, and sea ports 3. Available work force
Population boom + displaced peasants = migration to cities creating work force for factories in·dus·try (Definition)
Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories. hand·made
Made by hand, not by machine. 2. cap·i·tal
Money to invest in business opportunities 10,000 years ago to less than 300 years ago... In just the last 300 years... Life before the Industrial Revolution 3. en·tre·pre·neurs
A person who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise. 1. Urbanization
the movement of people to the cities. What were the effects of
the Industrial Revolution? Geographic Effects Social Effects 2. Creation of an Industrial Middle Class (bourgeoisie) 1. Creation of a Working Class (proletariat) 2. Factories become unsafe & unhealthy work places as entrepreneurs try to maximize profits
Examples: no health or safety laws, children and women exploited (lower wages & working conditions) Economic Effects 4. labor unions established Social Effects Economic Effects Economic Effects 3. Laissez faire policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners buy all their competitors and create monopolies. A monopoly means no competition. Political Effects 1. Utilitarianism
Idea that government should impose some restrictions on business to create a greatest good for the greatest number of people. Political Effects Socialism
Idea that the people as a whole, rather than private individuals, should own the means of production (farms, factories, railroads, natural resources, and other sources of wealth in a nation)2. Karl Marx wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848 predicting a class struggle in which proletariat would win and create a classless, "communist" society - the ideal end result of socialism. 5. Harnessing sources of energy Examples: water power, steam power (created by burning wood, charcoal, or coal) The world's first industry was the textile industry tex·tile
Any type of cloth or woven fabric.
THINK ABOUT IT!
What kinds of things are made from woven cloth or fabric? What was the world's first industry? Entrepreneurs built factories and used machines to replace the "cottage system" and the "putting out system" that had created textiles previously. THINK ABOUT IT!
Where do you take part in the economy? Your parents? THINK ABOUT IT!
What are 3+ things you use every day that were made in a factory? THINK ABOUT IT!
What natural resources does Washington State have a lot of? THINK ABOUT IT!
Who do you know that might be an entrepreneur? THINK ABOUT IT!
Is Bothell mostly bourgeoisie, proletariat, or a mix of both? THINK ABOUT IT!
What 3+ workers' rights might have been won by labor unions? Hint: One is the 8-hour work day! THINK ABOUT IT!
What would you experience in a communist country today? MAKING CONNECTIONS
Why has the Industrial Revolution happened in different parts of the world at different times? What terms do we need to know before we dig into the Industrial Revolution? From farms to factories - the industrial revolution begins... Social Effects 3. The CLOCK becomes IMPORTANT
Factory work meant that people began to live their lives by the clock rather than by the rising and setting of the sun THINK ABOUT IT!
Can you list 5+ events that require you to be somewhere at a certain time? THINK ABOUT IT!
What might some results be if one company was the only place where you could buy a specific product? Economic Effects 1. Laissez faire policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners set up their factories to maximize profits without regard for safety or the lives of the workers. In urban areas, factory managers join doctors, lawyers, and small business owners in the bourgeoisie (middle class). Workers aspire to join the industrial middle class through promotions. The unemployed and underemployed come to the cities for factory jobs and become a new social class - the proletariat - the industrial working class. Examples: miners, mill workers, machinery operators... What is the
Information Technology Revolution? Information Technology Revolution The development over the last 25 years of technologies specific to the making and sharing information.
Examples: Innovations in telecommunications and the invention and development of computers and the Internet. Information Technology Revolution The development over the last 25 years of technologies specific to the making and sharing information.
Examples: Innovations in telecommunications and the invention and development of computers and the Internet. REVIEW
What is the
Information Technology Revolution? RESPOND TO THE QUESTION
If we define a revolution as a sudden and significant change, what evidence is there that we are in the middle of an Information-Technology Revolution? 1965: The Programma 101 was the first commercial "desktop computer", but today would usually be considered a printing programmable calculator.
In the 1970s: Hewlett Packard introduced fully BASIC programmable computers that fit entirely on top of a desk, including a keyboard, a small one-line display and printer.
1976: Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak sold the Apple I computer circuit board, which was fully prepared and contained about 30 chips.
2002: More than 500 million personal computers were in use and one billion personal computers had been sold worldwide from the mid-1970s up to this time. FACTS TO CONSIDER ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does the Industrial Revolution help us understand the Information Technology Revolution impacting our lives today? Textile Industry before the Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution changes the Textile Industry CAUSES Industrial Revolution (Create this two-column chart. Use your notes to help you fill in the chart.) Information-Technology Revolution Effects (Create this two-column chart. Use your notes to help you fill in the chart!) Industrial Revolution Information Technology Revolution Geographic