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Shadow puppets

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becky miles

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of Shadow puppets

French missionaries in China took
shadow puppets back to France in
1767 and put on performances in 
Paris and Marseilles. In time, the 
Ombres chinoises (French for "Chinese Shadows") with
embellishment, became the Ombres françaises.

The art was a popular entertainment in Paris during the 1800s,
The cabaret Le Chat noir ("The Black Cat") produced a number of
popular Ombres chinoises shows in the 1880s, organized by the
artist Henri Rivière, using up to 20 assistants and a large, 
oxy-hydrogen back-lit performance area.

They constructed their puppets from opaque materials
such as cardboard, wood or even metal. Only outline
and movement were important and
subtle systems of thread and wire
were invented in order to conceal
how the movements were enacted.
The Turkish tradition of shadow play called Karagöz and Hacivat was widespread throughout the Ottoman Empire(1301-1922). It was performed by a single puppet master, who voiced all of the characters, accompanied by tambourine. Its origins are obscure, deriving perhaps from an older Egyptian tradition, or possibly from an Asian source.

Turkish shadow puppets were always comic and satirical.
The main characters, Karagöz and Hacivat, are always
arguing, but the native wit of Karagöz always triumphs over
the book learning of Hacivat. The two were workmen in the
time of Ottoman Emperor, Orhan I. Their bantering
arguments were said to entertain their co-workers, but slow
construction of an important mosque in the capital city of
Bursa. Executed for delaying the work, the two
became folk heroes, and were "brought back to life"
in the form of shadow puppets.
Shadow puppet theatre is called Wayang kulit in 
Indonesia and it is particularly popular in Java and
Bali. The term derived from the word wayang literally
meaning shadow or imagination in Javanese, it also
connotes "spirit". The word kulit means skin, as the
material from which the puppet is made is thin
perforated leather sheets made from buffalo skin.
By the 1st century A.D. puppet theatre was
established in the royal courts in Indonesia.

In Java the puppets are
used to perform Indonesian
versions of the Indian
Hindu epics. Shadow puppets may have
come from India with traders and priests who
used them to explain the Hindu religion.
In this section you will learn about…

the history of shadow puppets
how they have been used in different cultures
how they are made
how to make your own shadow puppet performance


SHADOW
PUPPETS

Shadow theatre became quite popular
as early as the Song Dynasty
(906-1229AD) when holidays
were marked by the presentation
of many shadow plays. The
storytellers generally used the art
to tell events between various war
kingdoms or stories of Buddhist
sources.

Today, puppets made of leather and
moved on sticks are used to tell
dramatic versions of traditional fairy
tales and myths.

To make a shadow puppet:

The puppets themselves have jointed limbs and can be made from cut paper, thin wood veneer, or the hide of a camel or a water buffalo. When they are made of hide, it is worked until it is semi-transparent; then it is coloured, resulting in colourful projections.
The lamp for projection was typically an oil lamp, although often electricity is used in contemporary performances.
Images are projected onto a white muslin
or silk screen from the rear, so the audience
does not see the puppeteer.



Shadow puppets

C



Homework:
Split into your groups; thinking about the shadow puppets
you have just seen, create your own shadow puppet by
following the instructions on the sheet in your work booklet .


Task:

The Turkish tradition of shadow play called Karagöz
and Hacivat was widespread throughout the Ottoman
Empire(1301-1922). It was performed by a single puppet
master, who voiced all of the characters, accompanied
by tambourine. Its origins are obscure, deriving perhaps
from an older Egyptian tradition, or possibly from an
Asian source.

Turkish shadow puppets were always comic and satirical. The main
characters, Karagöz and Hacivat, are always arguing, but the native wit of
Karagöz always triumphs over the book learning of Hacivat. The two were
workmen in the time of Ottoman Emperor, Orhan I. Their bantering
arguments were said to entertain their co-workers, but slow construction of
an important mosque in the capital city of
Bursa. Executed for delaying the work, the two
became folk heroes, and were "brought back
to life" in the form of shadow puppets.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=87_ty8dfHh0

Turkey
China

Shadow puppetry originated
during the Han Dynasty
(206BC – 220BC) when one of
the lovers of Emperor Wu of Han 
died from an illness. The emperor was devastated, and he summoned his court officers to bring his beloved back to life. The officers made a shape of the woman using donkey leather. Her joints were animated using 11 separate pieces
of the leather, and adorned with
painted clothes. Using an oil lamp 
they made her shadow move,
bringing her back to life. 

History
Shadow puppets have a long history in China, India, Turkey and Indonesia as a popular form of entertainment for both
children and adults.

A shadow puppet is a cut-out figure held
between a source of light and a translucent
screen. Translucent colour is sometimes
introduced into the cut-out shapes to provide a
different look and different effects can be
achieved by moving both the
puppet and the light source. A
talented puppeteer can make
the figures walk, dance, fight, nod
and laugh.

Contemporary shadow puppets may be made combining a variety of materials including paper, plastic, wood, coloured theatrical lighting filters, cloth, feathers, dried plants or found objects ranging from silk scarves to kitchen utensils. Shadow puppets have been made with three-dimensional wire heads and cloth bodies.

Contemporary shadow puppeteers might employ a host of specialized lighting effects, including various theatrical lighting instruments, overhead projectors, reflected light, projected films, head lamps and hand-held lights.

You can find many examples of contemporary
shadow puppets; in adverts, in music videos,
influencing film….
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUF3YmoMJAQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bNeVXdlRCSk
http://www.gagneint.com/Final%20site/insanelytwisted.com/main.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_HBCTSsYyQ

Contemporary shadow puppets

Shadow puppet theatre is called Wayang kulit in 
Indonesia and it is particularly popular in Java and
 Bali. The term derived from the word wayang literally
meaning shadow or imagination in Javanese, it also
connotes "spirit". The word kulit means skin, as the
material from which the puppet is made is thin
perforated leather sheets made from buffalo skin.
By the 1st century A.D. puppet theatre was
established in the royal courts in Indonesia.

In Java the puppets are
used to perform Indonesian
versions of the Indian
Hindu epics. Shadow puppets may have
come from India with traders and priests who
used them to explain the Hindu religion.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfydro4X2t0

Indonesia

The origins of shadow puppets in India are attributed to the gods, and the plays usually take place outside of temples to Shiva, who is the patron god of puppets. Legends say that Shiva and his goddess wife Parvati one day visited the shop of a toymaker who had created some wooden dolls with jointed limbs. Parvati, enchanted by the dolls, asked Shiva to let spirits enter the dolls so that they could dance. The toymaker, watching this from behind a screen, saw only shadows and got the idea to create shadow puppets.

Even today, especially in Kerala, shadow puppetry is a
temple ritual performed
every year during a
temple festival for a
specified duration.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qh08G45ZC8c

France
In Malaysia, shadow puppet plays are also known as wayang kulit. Stories presented are usually mythical & morality tales. There is an educational moral to the plays which usually portray a battle.

Malay shadow plays are sometimes considered one of the earliest examples of animation.

Malaysia
India
The origins of shadow puppets in India are attributed to the gods, and the plays that usually take place outside of temples to Shiva, who is the patron god of puppets. Legends say that Shiva and his goddess wife Parvati one day visited the shop of a toymaker who had created some wooden dolls with jointed limbs. Parvati, enchanted by the dolls, asked Shiva to let spirits enter the dolls so that they could dance. The toymaker, watching this from behind a screen, saw only shadows and got the idea to create shadow puppets
Even today, especially in Kerala, shadow
puppetry is a temple ritual performed
every year during a temple festival for a
specified duration
In Malaysia, shadow puppet plays are also known as wayang kulit. Stories presented
are usually mythical & morality tales.
There is an educational moral to the plays which usually portray a battle

Malay shadow plays are
sometimes considered one
of the earliest examples
of animation.
Contemporary shadow puppets may be made combining a variety of materials including paper, plastic, wood, coloured theatrical lighting filters, cloth, feathers, dried plants or found objects ranging from silk scarves to kitchen utensils. Shadow puppets have been made with three-dimensional wire heads and cloth bodies.

Contemporary shadow puppeteers might employ a host of specialized lighting effects, including various theatrical lighting instruments, overhead projectors, reflected light, projected films, head lamps and hand-held lights

You can find many examples of contemporary
shadow puppets; in adverts, in music videos,
influencing film….
Full transcript