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Traditional or Modern Medicine

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Justine Prouteau

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Traditional or Modern Medicine

II. Modern medicine
Thank you for your attention !
Traditional Medicine
Modern Medicine

Which is the best ?

History of modern medicine
Recent Developments
is more
than 'traditional' medicine

-the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease (in technical use often taken to exclude surgery)
-a spell, charm, or fetish believed to have healing, protective, or other power (among North American Indians and some other peoples)

successful in producing a desired or intended result
Different types of traditional medicines
African medicine
Around 80% of people in Africa
Cultures, religions and migrations over the territory have impacted
local traditions
Animal muti, plant muti used to heal many diseases.
Spiritual and physical aspects of the body equally important to health
Healing knowledge is passed down verbally

Chinese medicine
Using for more than 5,000 years
Microcosm and macrocosm
Herbs, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, massage…
8 principles: cold/heat, interior/exterior, excess/deficiency, and yin/yang
5 elements: fire, earth, metal, water, and wood
Widely used by the American public

I. Traditional medicine
Our point of view
definitions from Oxford Dictionaries
Traditional medicine is a term used for all different types of unscientific knowledge systems used within various societies ever since the dawning of mankind. It is also sometimes referred to as folk medicine, mainly due to the fact that it was gradually developed over generations.
definition from SteadyHealth
A 2005 survey of WHO found that 84–90 countries (around 60 per cent) had no national policy, laws or regulations for traditional medicine. These are often the countries where traditional remedies are used the most.

Modern medicine refers to science of diagnosing, treating or preventing disease using advanced technologies, and based on proves.
: trepanation
Ancient civilisation
- Egypt: shared ideas and knowledge of organs
- Greece: cause of diseases (Hippocrate, 4 Humours)
- Rome: prevention
Middle Ages
- Christianity: knowledge of anatomy
- Islam: alchemists
The Renaissance
: medical books
- vaccines, theory germs, improvement in surgery
20th Century
-Blood transfusion
- Communication and teamwork
- surgery
- drugs
- the mapping of human genome
- religion, war, individuals, team work, government intervention, and perhaps, more importantly chance.
Do you have any questions?
Combination between traditional and modern medicine:
- culture clash (different way of observing both health and diseases) and numerous challenges
- advantages from a mix: modern medicine to evaluate quality, efficiency and security of TM products and practices
The World Health Organization in China published this video in 2008 to promote traditional medicines :

We asked the question: "Is modern medicine better than traditional medicine?" to the students in that class, to understand the reasons for choosing between these two medicines.
Here are the results:
Yes 62%
No 38%
- The rate of success is higher
more efficient, more monitoring and control, treat more patients
- Modern medicine ineffective
more natural, less bad side effects, inspired modern medicine (at the beginning, drugs come from plants), treat all sort of diseases (chronic pain, mental disease...)

- You can't trust traditional medicine
a true science, based on proves, cure more diseases, diagnose diseases earlier
- The improvement of modern medicine

new technologies, more studies, clinical trials (safety, efficiency), trainings
- It's cheaper
- The impact of traditional medicine
recorded history
- effective treatment for modern illnesses
- integration into primary health care
- effectiveness and safety proves ?
definition from Oxford Dictionaries
Full transcript