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American Psycho and Psychoanalysis
Transcript of American Psycho and Psychoanalysis
Founded by Sigmund Freud
Born in Moravia, Austria in 1856
Due to the id being in control, we can assume the oedipal journey was not completed.
This can also be assumed by his lack of family
The ego is weak or nonexistent
American Psycho and Psychoanalysis
The story of Patrick Bateman, a man living a second life totally different from what people can see
Released April 14 2000
Directed by Mary Harron
Based on novel written by Brett Easton Ellis in 1991
The id, ego and superego
First murder- Paul Allen,id is becoming most dominant
'Hip to be Square' by Huey Lewis and the News- works to define Bateman's character, needs and desires.
A song about consumerism and commercialism
' Their early work was a little too new wave for my tastes, but when Sports came out in '83, I think they really came into their own,commercially and artistically. The album has a clear, crisp sound, and a new sheen of consummate professionalism that really gives the songs a big boost.'
- Patrick Bateman on Huey Lewis and The News
' it's not just about the pleasures of conformity and the importance of trends, it's also a personal statement about the band itself.'
- Patrick Bateman on 'Hip to be Square" by Huey Lewis and The News
The superego and the Ego
Lack of ego makes Bateman unable to differentiate his fantasies from reality
Superego- the presence of hyper masculinity, conformity to an aggressive set of rules.
No problem returning to his daily routine and regime.
The ID ( The unconscious) -Consumerism
Greatest driving force behind Patrick Bateman whose whole personality is focused upon consumerism
Id rules over Bateman, as he gives into his fantasies and primal desires
'From the point of view of instinctual control, of morality, it may be said of the id that it is totally non moral, of the ego that it strives to be moral, and of the super-ego that it can be super-moral and then become as cruel as only the id can be.'
-( Gay, 1989, p.655)
'It stands to reason that psychoanalysis and the psyche were over represented in movies, not just because both were products of the turn- of- the twentieth century , but also because psychoanalysis pushes the plot, fleshes out characters, and add dramatic dream scenes.' (Packer, 2007: 163)
' Cinema psychiatry evolved out of a need to depict psychiatric events dramatically, rather than accurately.' (Packer, 2007: 34)
Believed that people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious thoughts and motivations, thus gaining "insight". (Mcleod, 2007)
Typical causes include unresolved issues during development or repressed trauma. Mcleod, 2007)
' According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and insures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world.' (Cherry, 2014)
American Psycho. (2000). [film] Mary Harron.
Freud, S. and Gay, P. (1989). The Freud Reader. New York: W.W. Norton, p.655.
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Psychoanalysis. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/psychoanalysis.html
Cherry, Kendra. "What Did Freud Really Believe about Personality and the Id, Ego, and Superego?" About. About.com, 2014. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.
Bateman, A and Holmes, J (1995) Introduction to Psychoanalysis: Contemporary Theory and Practice London: Routledge
Campbell, D (2004) ‘Dario Argento’s phenomena (1985): a psychoanalytical perspective on on the ‘horror film’ genre and adolescent development’ in Sabbadini, A (eds) The Couch and the Silver Screen: Psychoanalytical Reflections on European Cinema New York: Brunner-Routledge
Freud, S (1989) Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis New York: Liveright
Frosh, S (1997) For and Against Psychoanalysis London: Routledge
Fuery, P (2004) Madness and Cinema: Psychoanalysis, Spectatorship and Culture New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Horacio Etchegoyan, R The Fundamentals of Psychoanalytical Technique London :Karnac Books
Margolis, H (2013) The Cinema Ideal: an introduction to psychoanalytic studies of the film spectator London: Routledge
Packer, S (2007) Movies and the modern psyche Westport: United States of America
Schneider, Steven Jay (2003) ‘Notes on the relevance of psychoanalytical theory to Euro-horror cinema’ in Sabbadini, A (eds) The Couch and the Silver Screen: Psychoanalytical Reflections on European Cinema New York: Brunner-Routledge
American psycho is a good film to relate back to psychoanalysis and Freudian theory.
It focuses on the character flaws of narcissism as well as the id,ego and super ego and how the id takes hold of a person and controls their reality.
Patrick Bateman's character in American Psycho is governed by his id and due to this has a highly materialistic and consumerist lifestyle.
Ego is weak or non-existent.
Superego present but conforming.
The most important part in the scene occurs right at the end of the scene where Bateman seemingly only has blood on his face. One side represents the id, the other the ego. This shows his double life, one of the primal urges of the id and the other of the internalization of cultural rules of the ego and proves how well it ties together.