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MARX AND MODERNISM
Transcript of MARX AND MODERNISM
THE MAIN FOCUS OF THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.
THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
First pusblished in February 21, 1848
One of the most influential and siginifical political manuscripts
Criticizes capitalism and focus significantly in class struggle
Provisdes and analysis of the limitations of capitalism and presents the main principles of communist ideology.
In first part of the manifesto, Marx goes into how society started communal, but then became more unequal as time went on. Systems such as Feudalism, Mercantilism, and finally Capitalism benefited from the use of exploitation.
Idea that economic concerns of a nation drive history, and that the struggle between the rich bourgeoisie and the hard working proletariat would eventually lead to Communism.
He describes the proletarians, or the labor class, and how they were formed, how they have suffered, and how they must overcome their struggles.
He states his opinion about a revolution where the proletariats take over and dethrone the bourgeoisie.
Tuesday, December 8, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Life of Karl Marx
WHO IS KARL MARX?
• German philosopher and economist born on May 5th, 1818.
• Contributed to the expansion of Communism along with Freidrich Engels, by creating programs like The Communist League.
• Inspired the working class to revolt against capitalism with his works and his ideals, which later became known as Marxism.
• His most famous works were the series called Capital (or Das Kapital), and The Communist Manifesto.
• Influenced Modernism by opening the doors to Communism along the world, and aiding the evolution of contemporary society.
Marxism: the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx including the belief that the struggle between social classes is a major force in history and that there should eventually be a society in which there are no classes.
MARX AND MODERNISM
How Marxism changed society
INFLUENCE ON THE MODERNIST ERA
• Marx influenced Modernism by introducing Communism.
• His ideas and the theories of Marxism inspired the working class to revolt against Capitalism.
• His works, like The Communist Manifesto, inspired the Russian Revolution and later on, novels like Animal Farm.
• Marx became a role model for those who wished to defy the government.
• His ideals rejected religion, which was a big change for Modernism.
•Influenced the "rejection of ideals".
•Social policies like free education, and the abolition of private property.
Capitalism system we live under today, is unequal and undemocratic. This is because capitalism is a class society, based on the exploitation of the working-class (the majority of the population) by the capitalist class (a small minority of the population) who own and control industry and financial institutions, and dominate governments and the political establishment.
PRINCIPLES OF MARXISM
The abolition of property ownership of land.
Income tax to be graded to income (the more the individual earned the more you pay).
Abolition of all rights of inheritance.
Confiscation of property of immigrants and rebels.
The centralization of all credit into the hands of the state
The extension of factories and industries of production owned by the state.
The equal obligation of all to work and the establishment of an industrial and agricultural armies.
Free education for all children in public schools.
WHY WAS MARXISM CONTROVERSIAL?
It was popular among poor and middle class, because it provided with benefits that capitalism would never give them.
It affected wealthy businessman and the government directly.
It rejected religion, saying that it was the reflection of a flawed society and it was only holding back from progressing into a better society.
Today Marxism is still present in countries like China, North Korea, Cuba, Laos and Venezuela.
Although Marxism isn't as popular as it once was, it has influenced several countries with ideas creating social programs.
Free healthcare, free education, high taxes in exchange of infrastructure and public works.
Marx explains that each class of people in the society will work towards the destruction of classes that are inferior to them, and he suggested that all classes and governments should be abolished.
It influenced many politicians and scholars around the world, and it inspired revolutions that resulted in the formation of communist states.
Economic, social and historical work.
Focuses on how the capitalist system functions.
Much of the work tries to show the different ways in which workers were exploited by the capitalist mode of production. (Exploitation)
Studies of commodities and value.
Exchange value involving essencially the amount of labor necessary.
From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.
History calls those men the greatest who have ennobled themselves by working for the common good; experience acclaims as happiest the man who has made the greatest number of people happy.