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Transcript of Hypertrophic
It is a disease in which the heart muscle becomes weakened, enlarged or has another structural problem. It often occurs when the heart can not pump or function well.
Most patients with cardiomyopathy have heart failure.
The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.
HCM occurs if heart muscle cells enlarge and cause the walls of the ventricles (usually the left ventricle) to thicken.
The thickening may hinder blood out of the heart, forcing it to work harder to pump blood. It can also make the heart more difficult to relax and fill with blood.
This disease is hereditary so if a family member has this disease you probably also could have too, so some tests should be performed.
By: Valeria Serna G. 12b
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) usually is inherited. It's caused by a mutation (change) in some of the genes in heart muscle proteins. HCM also can develop over time because of high blood pressure or aging.
Younger people are more likely to have a more severe form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; however, the condition is seen in people of all ages.
Some people with this condition are asymptomatic or they realize they have the problem for a routine medical examination.
The first symptom of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in many young patients is sudden collapse and possibly death. This can be caused by very abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). It can also be caused by a blockage that prevents the outflow of blood from the heart to the body.
Fainting, especially during exercise.
Dizziness, especially with or after physical activity or exercise.
Sensation of feeling the heart beat (palpitations).
Shortness of breath with activity or after lying down (or be asleep for a while).
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Cardiomyopathy. (n.d.). Retrieved November 23, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cardiomyopathy/basics/definition/con-20026819
Http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/IJB-V4No1-p158-166.pdf. (2014). International Journal of Biosciences (IJB) Int. J. Biosci., 158-166. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from http://www.sac.org.ar/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Consenso-de-Miocardiopatia-Hipertrofica-completo.pdf