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Childhood Obesity

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by

Samantha Marsh

on 16 April 2014

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Transcript of Childhood Obesity

Obesity has become a growing issue in society with more and more children being affected at younger ages
By Samantha Marsh
What is Obesity?
For children and adolescents, overweight and obesity are defined by using an age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) chart.
OBESE: A child is considered obese if their BMI is equal to or exceeding the 95th percentile.
OVERWEIGHT: A child with a BMI equal to or exceeding the 85th percentile – but below the 95th percentile is considered overweight.
Causes of Obesity
Parents and Home Life

Schools
Technology
If one parent is obese then their child has a 50% chance of also becoming obese. If both parents are obese there is an 80% chance the child will be obese.
Many low income families find it hard to buy healthier food and pay for sporting fees.
Because of the easy access to cheap, high-calorie fast food and junk food busy families are cooking less and eating out more.
Unhealthy snacks are served at school in vending machines and in the lunch line. Children are choosing to purchase these fatty unhealthy foods instead of a healthy lunch.
Many schools are eliminating or cutting back their physical education programs.

Medical
Kids spend less time actively playing outside, and more time watching TV, playing video games, and sitting at the computer. This creates an energy imbalance because the total energy intake is exceeding the total energy output.
Genetic syndromes (Cohen syndrome, Down syndrome, Turner syndrome)
Hormonal disorders (Growth hormone deficiency, Hypothyroidism, Glucocrticoid excess)
Medications (Isulin, Piperidone, Thiaxlodinedsions)
Obesity Affects More Than Just Weight
Mental Health
Children with obesity are more likely to have difficulties in school academically. Physical problems may cause them to miss more school than children who are not overweight.
Physical Health
Psychological
Children with obesity
often experience depression,
low-self-esteem and eating
disorders as a result of bullying.
Childhood obesity is the leading healthcare concern facing children today. Being overweight during childhood and adolescence increases the risk of developing high cholesterol, hypertension, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, depression and type 2 diabetes as a youth.
What Can You Do As An Educator
Emphasize healthy eating
AND
physical education in your curriculum.
Incorporate physical activity in the classroom (music and movement, trash ball review)
Encourage parents to implement health and wellness at home.
Seek professional development to provide you with training to assist those who have suffered or are suffering from peer victimization.
Talk to your school board about funding health programs, healthier food in the cafeteria, and more physical education.
DO NOT
use physical activity as a punishment!
DO NOT
discipline children by not letting them participate in recess!!
If permitted let your students play outside for 30-60 minutes a day.

Understanding how children become obese or overweight in the first place is an important step toward breaking the cycle. Most cases of childhood obesity are caused by eating too much and exercising too little. Children need enough food to support healthy growth and development.
Shocking Statistics
Work Cited
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0009.2009.00548.x/full
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/foc/summary/v016/16.1story01.html
http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7504/1357http://softballone.com/rfe/obesity.pdf
http://www.helpguide.org/mental/childhood_obesity.htm
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/facts.htm
http://www.webmd.com/children/guide/obesity-children
http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/Facts_for_Families_Pages/Obesity_In_Children_And_Teens_79.aspx
Full transcript