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Energy Everywhere Inc

Algae Biofuel is the Biofuel of the Best
by

Caelan Barranta

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of Energy Everywhere Inc

By: Caelan Barranta, Roen Riehl, James Ross, and Amanda Peren Solar Energy Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. How Solar Energy Works Disadvantages Another disadvantage is the upfront costs. Although solar technologies save you money on your utility bills each month, you will have to retrofit your house with equipment that can cost in the thousands. The obvious disadvantage is that solar energy isn’t available during the nighttime hours or when it is very cloudy. You have to have the proper storage system in order to utilize solar energy resources when sunlight is unavailable. Solution: Algae Biofuel Biofuel A biofuel is a fuel derived directly from living matter. Algae Algae is a large group of simple, mostly photosynthetic, aquatic plant-like organisms. Algae are very diverse and can be found almost anywhere in the world. Advantages - Algae is highly efficient and can produce 15 x or more oil per acre than other biofuel plants
- Helps to reduce Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs)
-An algae colony can more than double in one day
-Algae can grow in salt water, freshwater or even contaminated water, at sea or in ponds, and does not require arable land
-Algae consumes a large amount of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas
-Algae is abundant
-Can be harvested day after day
-Only requires water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight to grow
- Cheap maintance costs and does not need to be maintined daily Financial Data Gallons Produced Disadvantages - Technology for growing algae and extracting the oil is inefficient and could be improved
- Harvesting algae can be difficult and currently requires a large amount energy
- May not be compatible with the majority of engines Algae Biofuel as a solution to blooms The Virginia Department of Health is working in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, Old Dominion University, the Virginia Institute of Marine Science at the College of William and Mary, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control to monitor Virginia's waters for harmful algae and to prevent damaging effects that may be caused by these organisms. Algae blooms in the Virginia Beach area compete with other organisms in the immediate area for nutrients within the water. The more nutrients the algal bloom consumes, the bigger it grows and the more nutrients it needs to survive. This leaves fish and aquatic plants struggling for survival. The Louisiana Fisheries notes that while algae produces oxygen, it often consumes more oxygen than it produces--depleting not only the nutrients in the water, but the oxygen level as well. In closed-in areas, such as a pond, fish are trapped in close quarters with the algae and may die due to a lack of oxygen. Algae is often cleaned up since it can spread quickly. Using collected algae to create algae biofuel can not only reduce harmful algae blooms, but contribute into generating 20% of Virginia Beach's energy. -Requires no fertilizer
-Resistant to heat Engineers from Exxon Mobil believe that algae will yield approximately 1500-4000 gallons of fuel per acre per year. Palm - 650 gallons
Sugar Cane - 450 gallons
Corn - 250 gallons
Soy - 50 gallons Wind and Wave Energy Wave energy Wind Energy Conclusion Bibliography Gallons of Biofuel Produced by Various Crops Implementation Advantages:
-Renewable Energy
-Coastal Region advantage
-Windmills do not take up
much space Disadvantages:
-Noise Disturbances
-Threat to wildlife, mostly birds
-Visual Disagreement
-More wind turbines will be needed Advantages:
-Apart from the initial costs, tidal
power is always free.
-Does not produce greenhouse
gases.
-Requires no fuel.
-Electricity is produced reliably. Disadvantages:
-The maintenance of the power plant is low,
but the cost is quite high costing this "project" 1,600 in kW (kilowatts) or over $13.8 billion.
-Tidal-based energy facilities can only generate a maximum of ten hours of electricity per 24-hour day.
-If a power unit is built incorrectly in the water then there would be great negative effects on the surrounding marine life. To summarize our presentation, we believe that algae biofuel has a great potential in replacing 20% of Virginia Beach's Energy source. Virginia Beach delas with issues relating to harmful algae blooms daily, as dissolved oxygen may reduce and lead to a disruption in the ecosystem. However, since algae can reproduce quickly, it could be collected to create algae biofuel. The collected algae could be used to contribute into making an abundant amount of biofuel. Aside from the large amounts of biofuel that could be produced, the costs of selling and creating it is declining annually, as new techniques have been created, including creating compatible fuel for most diesel engines. Lastly, comparing to various biofuels, including palm, sugar cane, corn, and soy biofuels, the number of gallons produced by algae skyrocket, varying from 1500 to 4000 gallons made a year. Algae biofuel demonstrates a large amount of potential in replacing more than 20% of Virginia Beach's energy source in the future, as new developments are created by scientists and researchers today. ALGAE BIOFUEL Farming Processing Utilization Potential Growing algae provides a viable source of alternative energy while being environmentally friendly and a economically smart. - Algae farming requires much less land than most row crops
- Algae can be grown in most warm climates with plenty of sunshine
- All natural and renewable source of energy The farming of algae can be very easy yet extremely high yielding anywhere from a local to a national level. Creating algae biofuel that we can use as gas is a process mostly at the atomic level. Harvesting algae for fuel is simple:
- Algae must be grown
- Algae is then starved and harvested
- Products of the algae are removed
- Extraction process creates usable fuel and excess products When Algae Biofuel is created, the final form's extraction leaves byproducts that can be very useful. The main byproduct is a very high quality protein that can be used to feed livestock on a large scale. These byproducts can be also used as a very nutritious fertilizer. Algae Biofuel is the promising source of renewable energy in the world today. Algae is starting to be more noticed by investors and energy companies around the world. In the last 5 years the cost-effectiveness and efficiency has increased tremendously. An important factor in the utilization of this renewable energy source is cost. Cost is greatly decreasing as breakthroughs in the industry are developing energy-saving practices to bring costs down to below $5 per Gallon At a national level, Algae Biofuel alone could sustain the United States of America, and allow us to be free from dependency on fossil fuels and their affects on the environment. Due to its minimal land requirements, only 45 million acres of land would be needed. This may seem large but for comparison, 90 million acres of land were used for corn production and the United States it self is about 6.2 billion acres. Another important factor is the possibility that developing countries could adopt this method of energy production and also be free from dependency on fossil fuels that makes so many countries unsuccessful. Thank You For Considering Our Solution! How disadvantages will be overcome - Technology for growing algae and extracting the oil is inefficient and could be improved- As algae biofuel shows potential in providing large amounts of energy, it is still in development and new methods could still be created
- Harvesting algae can be difficult and currently requires a large amount energy- Stated before, the technology is new. However, researchers at North Carolina State University have discovered ways to utilize electricity and harvest algae easily
- May not be compatible with the majority of engines- Currently methods of oxidizing algae biofuel are being created to become compatible with diesel engines -The cost analysis for large-scale microalgae production evolved from rather superficial analysis in the 1970s to the much more detailed and sophisticated studies conducted during the 1980s
-Algae biofuel costs nearly $.59 per gallon, which is cheaper than the average $4 per gallon of gasoline we use currently
-the Algal Biomass Organization (ABO) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to promote the development of viable commercial markets for renewable and sustainable products derived from algae and has a net income of $81, 982.95 from consumers
- Average costs of farms is $32,00 per acre The costs of producing and selling algae biofuel have been more expensive in the past. With recent developments in the way algae biofuel is produced, the costs have reduced over the years. "The Downside of Using Algae as a Biofuel | StateImpact Texas." NPR StateImpact: Issues That Matter. Close To Home.. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://stateimpact.npr.org/texas/2012/12/17/the-downside-of-using-algae-as-a-biofuel/>.

" Algae: A New Way to Make Biodiesel | LiveScience ." Science News – Science Articles and Current Events | LiveScience . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.livescience.com/5498-algae-biodiesel.html>.

"Algae Biofuel Breakthrough Could Lead to High Efficiency, Low Cost." Cleantech News — Solar, Wind, EV News (#1 Source) | CleanTechnica. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://cleantechnica.com/2012/12/28/algae-biofuel-breakthrough-hinges-on-common-bacteria/>.

"Algae Biofuel Breakthrough Could Lead to High Efficiency, Low Cost." Cleantech News — Solar, Wind, EV News (#1 Source) | CleanTechnica. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://cleantechnica.com/2012/12/28/algae-biofuel-breakthrough-hinges-on-common-bacteria/#gsc.tab=0>.

"Are Algae Biofuels a Realistic Alternative to Petroleum? - Yahoo! News." Yahoo! News - Latest News & Headlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://news.yahoo.com/algae-biofuels-realistic-alternative-petroleum-110500805.html>.

Newman, Stefani. "HowStuffWorks "How Algae Biodiesel Works"." HowStuffWorks "Science". N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/algae-biodiesel.htm>.

"Work needed to make algal biofuel viable, study suggests | Cornell Chronicle." Cornell Chronicle. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/01/work-needed-make-algal-biofuel-viable-study-says>. Cost of wind- Average use 1600 Kw/Year, resulting in a total amount of $40,273,973 annually
Cost of tidal wave energy- $250,000,000= 10 turbines Costs of Wind and Wave Energy
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