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Ancient Chinese Society
Transcript of Ancient Chinese Society
The Shi were the nobility of ancient China. This included scholars, poets, wealthy landowners and philosophers. They valued the peasants because they provided food for the Shi, and hated the merchants because they worked for money and seemingly stole from the emperor. There was much competition and hate between Shi as jealousy ruled lower nobles' minds. The Shi were not expected to pay tax.
The Gong were the craftspeople and skilled workers in Ancient China's society. They were the ones who carved and created masterpieces of wood, jade and other elements. The Gong were also peasants in ancient China's society.
The Shong were the merchants, traders and money lenders in Chinese society. The emperor would often send people to capture them and kill them as they were seen as to "steal" potential money from the emperor. But in fact, if the Shong did not exist, China's economy would be terrible. Although looked down apon in society, the Shong were among the richest of Chinese citizens.
The Nubi were considered the slaves of Ancient China society but only in the palace. They were treated better than the peasants as they were the official errand-runners of the palace's inhabitants. They needed a lot of training and could be kicked out of the palace forever. The Nubi could come from all classes. Peasants often sent their daughters so they could live a better life and the rich would do so in order to make their daughter have a noble status.
Men and Women
In Ancient China, men and women were treated very differently, and had very different roles in society.
Women were valued much less than men in Chinese society. They were expected to respect their husband and his parents, and obey their every command. Women were expected to be meek and mild beings who would fulfill their husband's every wish. Very few women were given roles of power, and those who did were married to the emperor. Women could not expect a romantic relationship with their husbands, as their husbands put their parents first.
Men were more valued than women in Ancient China. All of the emperors were men, although some had some very formidable wives. However a few exceptions were made. Men were allowed to have more than one wife, and were expected to be more loyal to their parents than to their wife. Males were preferred over women because they had more privileges and women were like a burden a family had to carry.
The Nong comprised of the peasant farmers of ancient China. They lived in poverty, and although the Shi were grateful for them, they did nothing to help in times of need. The Nong often starved, despite the fact that they grew the crops. The emperor taxed them 20% of their crops, and peasants who didn't own their own land had to pay an additional 30% to the landowner.
The emperor was the supreme ruler of ancient China. He controlled everything and whatever he said, went. The role of the emporer was passed down from father to son, unless he was overthrown. However there were a few capable women who took up the masculine role and succesfully ruled China.The emperor had to be a man of many talents, but there were some very dumb emperors throughout history. The first three dynasties of emperors, in order, were the Xia, Shang and Zhou.