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Transcript of MLA Format
The Correct Way
Signal Phrase &
Italics and Quotations?
Gomez stated that . . .
Garcia argues that . . .
Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" (3).
Rules for signal phrases
person's last name in SIGNAL PHRASE
no comma before the CD
1st letter of the CD must be lowercase
ex: "She looked so perfect . . .
" she looked so perfect . . .
( unless it's a proper noun/adj. or pronoun "I"
still include the signal phrase
no commas before CD and don't place the period inside the " "
1. (Author's last name + pg.# ) = ex: (Rowling 53).
2. (Pg #) = ex: (53).
3. (source + pg.#) = ex: ("Impact of Global Warming" 6
*THE AUTHOR'S WORDS*
s.p with author's name + quote +(pg.#) =
EX: According to Spools, sustainable weight loss is only possible through “continued dieting, regular exercising and vigilant monitoring of body weight” (289).
s.p + quote + (Author's name pg #) =
EX: Sustainable weight loss is only possible through “continued dieting, regular exercising and vigilant monitoring of body weight” (Spools 289).
Litvak calls Winters’s mumbling a “labor of disarticulation” (167).
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
Any volunteers that need help?
When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.
We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).
What do you put in "quotation marks"?
Article titles from magazines, newspapers, journals - "Censorship is Harmful to Society"
Essays - "Feminism in British Literature"
Short Stories - "Gramma" (short story by Stephen King)
Poems - "The Tyger" (poem by William Blake)
Book Chapters - "The American Economy Before the Civil War"
Specific pages within a website - "Crohn's Disease" (page found within the CDC's website)
Specific episodes of TV shows - "A Leaf in the Wind" (an episode of The Legend of Korra)
Specific episodes of radio programs - "A Conversation with Margaret Atwood" (a specific epside of the radio named All Things Considered)
Songs - "Jive Babe" (song by Mikhael Paskalev)
What do you italicize?
- Twilight by Stephanie Meyer
- USA Today
- Sports Illustrated
- Journal of Fiction Studies
- Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
- Romeo and Juliet by
- What You Should Know About the H1N1 Virus
(pamphlet from the Center for Disease Control)
- The Breakfast Club
- All Things Considered
- Jive Babe EP
(album by Mikhael Paskalev)
- La boheme
(opera by Giacomo Puccini)
- The Nutcracker
Long Musical Compositions
- Symphonie Fantastique
(composition by Berlioz)
- I and My Village
(painting by Marc Chagall)
- The Minute Man
(sculpture by Daniel Chester French)
- USS Arizona
- Airforce One
Can you name a few?
Here are two examples in a sentence:
1) We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).
2) Another description of the training in the article "Bill and Account Collector," from the website
, the reader is informed that, "once hired, workers usually receive on-the job training."
Introduces the quotation, paraphrase or summary ; tells the reader that a quote ( indirect or direct) is about to follow.
Note: For the first time you write author's name , you just use the last name.
referring to the works of others in your text
1. (qtd. in Author's last name + pg.#) = ex: (qtd. in Weisman 259).
2. (qtd. in source) =
ex: ( qtd. in "Technology is Helping Students Learn").
Another description of the training in the article "Bill and Account Collector," from the website
, the reader is informed that "once hired, workers usually receive on-the job training."
According to Housley, talking or public speaking can be very stressful "drinking lots of water and moving a lot is an effect . . ." (92).
Running can be very calming and described as "a great way to be in shape and relieve stress" (Hicks).
Things like not knowing basic MLA format can be "nerve racking and annoying especially if notes are provided as well as websites" (Robbins 101).
s.p sets up the context of CD
TIP: Just as with your sources cited page, if there is no known author, you skip to the title of the work.
Many in the liquor industry argue that the ban on television liquor advertising gives those in the beer and wine industry an unfair advantage ("Liquor Advertising" 5).
The person was interviewed or said the selected quote
S.P + "Quote" ( qtd. in ***)
Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" (qtd. in Weisman 259).
Kyle agrees that " sarcastic tones in voices are hard to take serious when presenting" (qtd. in Robbins 102).
use shortened title of work in PD
FIRST & LAST name + Job Title
include the medium of work
Name + job + "quote" + (qtd. in ***)
Rebecca Warner who is a high school math teacher in San Diego Unified School District states "if a student is making errors in a math problem, I can see where the process is breaking down for them and then show them what it's supposed to look like and why" (qtd. in "Technology is Helping Students Learn).
"Formatting Direct Quotations Properly in MLA Format." Write. CrowdSource, n.d. Web. 28 May 2015.
Park, Kathryn. "In Text Citations & Quotations." COM Library. Springshare, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.
"Quotation Marks vs. Italics." Alden Schools. SchoolWorld, n.d. Web. 28 May
Robbins, Michele."MLA Format Notes for Direct and Indirect Quotes." Ms. Robbins classroom M117, Murrieta. n.d. Lecture.