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Kentucky 1800 Unit Study

A unit study outlining the history, style, and performance concerns of "Kentucky 1800" by Clare Grundman

Matthew Willis

on 16 August 2014

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Transcript of Kentucky 1800 Unit Study

Kentucky - 1800
by Clare Grundman
Unit Study Guide
Clare Grundman
Born in Cleveland, OH on May 11, 1913.
Grundman attended Shaw High School in East Cleveland,
and played clarinet in the high school band.
He spent his summers performing on trans-Atlantic passenger ships.
He taught in Ohio and Lexington, KY and returned to Ohio State in 1939 for a master of arts degree.
Upon completion he was hired as an assistant director of bands and taught orchestration classes.
Grundman performed as a chief musician in the Coast Guard Band during World War II.
Clare Grundman's primary influences for composition are Manley R. Whitcomb
and Paul Hindemith.
1. The Promised Land
2. I'm Sad and Lonely
3. Cindy
The standard version of "The Promised Land" first appeared in Southern Harmony in 1835 and attributed Miss Matilda Durham of Spartanburg SC, as the composer.
"I'm Sad and Lonely" was originally harmonized by Leo Sowerby and found in Carl Sandberg's collection "The American Songbag"
The source of the folk tune Cindy is open to speculation and has been found in a number of books and collections ranging from Appalachia, to the Ozarks.
, composed in 1957, is based on the tunes of three American folk songs: The Promised Land, Cindy, and I'm Sad and I'm Lonely, melodies which are reminiscent of the years the pioneers were forging westward. It is a rhapsodic tone poem in which thematic material is treated in great depth and with variety. The work is a band masterpiece which has long since become a favorite with audiences.
-Program note from score

Kentucky 1800
Kentucky 1800 incorporates both legato and marcato styles. It is important that correct phrasing is also understood as the melodic content is the force that drives this piece.
He attended Ohio State University and graduated with a bachelor of science in education degree in 1934.
Hebrides Suite
Kentucky 1800
Notable Works
American Folk Rhapsody No. 1
Overture to Candide by Leonard Bernstein; transcribed by Clare Grundman
An Irish Rhapsody
Clare Grundman died in South Salem, NY on June 15, 1996
I am bound for the promised land,

I am bound for the promised land

O who will come and go with me

I am bound for the promis ed land.

On Jordan's stormy banks I stand

And cast a wishful eye

To Canaan's fa ir and happy land,

Where my possesions lie.

O the transporting rapt'rous scene

That rises to my sight;

Sweet fields arrayed in living green

And rivers of Delight.

There generous fruits that never fail

On trees immortal grow;

There rocks and hills and brooks and vales

With milk and honey flow.

Soon will the Lord my soul prepare

For joys beyond the skies,

Where never-ceasing pleasures roll,

And praises never die.

All o'er those wide-extended plains

shines one eternal day;

there God the Son forever reigns

and scatters night away

No chilling wind nor pois'nous breath

can reach that healthful shore;

sickness and sorrow pain and death

are felt and feared no more

When shall I reach that happy place

and be forever blest?

When shall I see my Father's face

and in his bosom rest?

Filled with delight my raptured soul 
Would here no longer stay; 
Though Jordan's waves around me roll, 
Fearless I'd launch away.

Some of the folk song verses

You ought to see my Cindy

She lives away down south

She's so sweet the honeybees

Swarm around her mouth.

The first time I saw Cindy

She was standing in the door.

Her shoes and stockings in her hands,

Her clothes all over the floor.

I wish I were an apple

A-hangin on the tree

An' every time that Cindy passed

She'd take a bite o' me

She told me that she loved me

She called me Sugarplum

She drew her arms around me

I thought my time had come

She loved me on the mountainside

She loved me on the hill

And every time she said "I won't"

Her echo said "I will!"

She took me to the parlor

She cooled me with her fan

She said I was the prettiest thing

In the shape of mortal man

She loves me in the summertime

She loves me in the fall

If she don't love me all the time

I want no love at all.

My Cindy is a pretty girl

My Cindy is a peach;

She throws her arms around my neck

And hangs on like a leech.

If I had a pretty gal

I'd put her on a shelf;

Ev'ry time she smiled at me,

I'd jump right up myself.

Wish I had a needle and thread

Wish that I could sew

I'd sew that gal to my coat tails

And down the road we'd go


Get along home, Cindy Cindy

Get along home, Cindy Cindy

Get along home, Cindy Cindy

I'll marry you some day.

(or I'm gonna leave you now)
I'm sad and I'm lonely, my heart it will break;

My sweetheart loves another, Lord, I wish I wuz dead!

My cheeks once were read as the bud on the rose,

But now they are whiter than the lily that grows.

Young ladies, tak' wahnin', tak' a wahnin' from me.

Don't waste your affections on a young man so free.

He'll hug you, he'll kiss you, he'll tell you mo' lies,

Than the cross-ties on the railroad or the stars in the sky.

I'll build me a cabin in the mountains so high,

Where the blackbirds can't see me and hear my sad cry.

I'm troubled, I'm troubled, I'm troubled in mind;

Ef trouble don' kill me, I'll live a long time.

Version 2:

I'm sad and I'm lonely,

My heart it will break,

For my sweetheart loves another,

Oh I wish I was dead.

Young ladies take warning,

Take warning from me,

Don't waste your affections

On a young man so free.

Because he'll hug you and he'll kiss you

And he'll tell you more lies

Than the cross-ties on the railroad

Or stars in the sky.

My cheeks once were red

Like the red, red rose;

But now they are white

As the lily that grows.

I'll build me a cabin

On the mountain so high,

Where blackbirds can't find me

Or hear my sad cry.

I'm troubled, yes, I'm troubled,

I'm troubled in my mind,

if this trouble don't kill me,

I'll live a long time.
Style can first be taught outside the context of the music.

1. Using the scale the corresponds to one of the 4 key centers of the piece (G minor, E flat major, A flat major, and G major) isolate the articulation style on the root note of the scale of choice.
2. Model the articulation through singing and conducting gesture, and have he students first audiate the sound and then sing and gesture back.
3. Make sure the students and singing with good tone and pitch accuracy on this exercise.
4. Vary the exercise by using tonal and rhythmic patterns from the piece.
5. This exercise can be used for all articulations in a given piece of music and will also help with ensemble pitch accuracy.
Introduction: The band starts in staggered entrances moving from F major, to D minor and finally to G minor.
A: The Promised Land verse one in G minor. The style here is very legato
B: Chorus is stated in marcato style, with m. 4 of B returning to more legato style.
D: Transitional material establishes
Establishes Ab major.

E: I"'m Sad and Lonely" melody stated in Ab Major and voiced in the upper woodwinds.
F: Horns and Tenor Sax join in on the melody.
G: Transitional Material into Eb Major. Trumpet solo states main thematic material of the tune "Cindy", with a response stated in saxes, horns, and then low brass.
H: "Rhythmic" meter change to 2/4.
The full Melody of "Cindy" stated in Eb major.
I: Chorus of "Cindy" stated in call and response between highs and lows.
L: "Marcato" meter change to 4/4.
We have a restatement of "Promised Land in G minor with the last two measures modulating to G major.
M: Tempo broadens and the "Promised Land" melody stated in G major.
Kentucky 1800 is considered a folk rhapsody or tone poem without a clearly dileated form. Make sure you can identify whether you have the melody or a supporting part.
C: Promised land Chorus stated in marcato style.
Mark these terms in your music!
1. With motion: Moving ahead, not slowing
2. Flowing: lyrical and smooth
3. Marcato: Strongly accented
4. Catabile: Singing

Let's listen!
Review Time! Please use formal writing for this response.

1. Who wrote Kentucky 1800? Give at least one detail about the composer.
2. What three folk songs are the basis for the piece?
3. Do you have the main melody? If yes, where? Which melody?
4. What is marcato? Cantabile? describe how you would perform each.

Blocher, L., et. al. (2009). Teaching Music Through Performance in Band. Chicago, IL: Gia Publications.

Flutes - 1
Eb Clarinet- 1 (opt)
Oboe - 1
Bb Clarinet - 3
Eb Alto Clarinet - 1 (opt)
Bb Bass Clarinet - 1
Eb Alto Sax - 2
Bb Tenor Sax - 1
Eb Bari Sax - 1
Bb Bass Sax - 1 (opt)
Bassoons - 2
Horns - 4
Cornet - 3
Trumpet - 2
Trombone - 3
Baritone - 1
Tuba - 1
Percussion - 3
Full transcript