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MAKING OF A KITCHEN

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on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of MAKING OF A KITCHEN

INTO THE KITCHEN
FIRST PRIORITY
SURFACES AND LAMINATION
LAYOUT AND WORK TRIANGLE
LAYOUTS
THE LINES JOINGING THE 3 MAIN WORK ZONES: THE SINK, THE OVEN OR GAS AND THE FRIDGE FORM THE WORK TRIANGLE.

EACH SIDE OF THE TRIANGLE SHOULD BE BETWEEN 4 FEET (1.2 M) AND 9 FEET.
AND TOTAL PERIMETER BETWEEN 13 FEET (4.0 M) AND 26 FEET (7.9 M).
WORK TRIANGLE
FRESH AIR IS A MUST
NEED OF A VENTILATION SYSTEM IN KITCHEN

TYPES OF VENTILATION SYSTEMS BASED ON THE TWO PRINCIPLES
KITCHENS
TRADITIONAL
CONTEMPORARY
KITCHEN
MODULAR
KITCHEN
EXTREME END OF THE HOUSE
CHULAH OR GAS CYLINDER
BASIC STOVE
WASHING AREAS AREA USUALLY CLOSE TO THE GROUND
IMPROPER VENTILATION WITH ONLY AN EXHAUST FAN AND WINDOWS
LARGE UTENSILS
LARGE SINK
BROADER WORK SLAB

LINEAR ARRANGEMENT OF GOODS
UTENSILS ARE KEPT IN THE OPEN
MISUSE OF SPACE
INTEGRATED DINING AREA
FLOORS
WALLS
SLABS
HARD WOOD
Pros
Never goes out of style
It can be sanded and refinished to keep it looking its best

Cons
Liquids can cause damage if they're not wiped up right away.
It will need periodic refinishing
LINOLEUM
Pros
Versatile, comes in just about every color
It can be easily cut into patterns
It's affordable, durable and easy to maintain.

Cons
Wear and fade with time and use
The floors may need periodic waxing and polishing
VINYL
Pros
Inexpensive flooring option
It's a snap to clean, easy to patch if a spot gets damaged
comfortable underfoot

Cons
Vinyl can dent, bubble or curl over time
Sharp objects may tear it
Grit and dirt can scratch and dull its finish
It also can fade in strong sunlight
life span is shorter (it will begin to show wear after five years or so).
CONCRETE
Pros
It's virtually indestructible
A ready-made subfloor for carpeting, tile or another surface

Cons
hard on feet.
It's porous, so sealing is a must to ward off stains — especially in a high-traffic area such as a kitchen
Heats up very fast
BAMBOO
Pros
It's low maintenance
requiring no special care
springier underfoot than wood
It lends a touch of worldly style

Cons
Colour range is narrow
It isn't as moisture resistant, it can warp.
STONE
Pros
Natural beauty
Cool underfoot
Durable
require little maintenance

Cons
Stone is expensive
Crannies in its surface can trap dirt
Scratches and chips can be an issue with softer stone Porous stone will need protective sealing at regular intervals.
CERAMIC TILES
Pr
os
Stain, water, bacteria and odor resistant.
Won't scratch.
Fire resistant.
Range of shapes, colors and styles.
Stone gains character with age and increases resale value.

Cons
Cold on feet.
Can crack.
Grout can stain.
Dropped dishes tend to break.
Standing for long periods can be uncomfortable.
Stone tiles may require resealing.
CORK
Pros: Resilient and flexible
Provides comfort underfoot
Shock absorbent (translation: less chance of breakage)
Absorbs sound
Rich in suberin, a natural substance that
guards against mold, mildew, rot and pests

Cons
Dirt and grit can scar it, you'll need to stay
on top of sweeping and vacuuming
Need to reseal it regularly with polyurethane or wax
Small scars will "heal" on their own, but major scars
are harder to fix
Cork also can fade over time
PANELS
Product description
High-pressure melamine laminate

Key features
- Protects the wall against soiling and makes cleaning easy.
- Resistant to heat, water, grease and dirt, and can be placed on the wall behind your kitchen worktop and hob (except gas).


TILES
CONCRETE WITH PAINT
QUARTZ
Pros
Low maintenance
Far greater range of colors and patterns than natural stone.
Durable

Cons
Evidently man-made
It's relatively pricey
STAINLESS STEEL
Pros
It's nearly indestructible, and it resists heat and bacteria
Provides a very distinctive look

Cons
Fingerprints show
Stainless steel can also dent
Chemicals affect its color
Stainless steel is extremely expensive due to the custom fabrication.

CONCRETE
P
ros
It can be cast in any shape and custom tinted any shade you wish
Concrete stands up well to heavy use, although it isn't as heat resistant as some other surfaces.

Cons
Will stain without frequent sealing.
With time small cracks can develop.
Will need strong support beneath
Like stainless steel, its custom creation ups the price tag.

SOAPSTONE
Pros
Natural softness and depth
Fits very well with older and cottage-style homes
It darkens with time

Cons
Needs polishing with oil to keep it in top shape
It can crack over time
Can't handle knife scratches and nicks
The natural roughness of its surface can scuff glassware and china.

GRANITE
Pros
Granite's beautiful mottling and the host of colors and patterns
It stands up well to splashes, knife nicks, heat and other wear and tear.

Cons
Must be sealed every so often to avoid stains.
Its heaviness means you'll need very sturdy cabinet boxes to support the weight.

Pros
Aesthetic appeal
can be sanded to refinish

Cons
Wood swells and contracts with moisture exposure
It harbors bacteria and needs frequent disinfecting Oiling is a must to fill in scratches and protect the surface.

Pros
It's surprisingly hardy and can withstand heat and water admirably.
A great deal lighter than natural stone or concrete.

Cons
Isn't scratchproof and is susceptible to chemical damage
It requires maintenance
It isnt a lower budget option
MARBLE
Pros
Beautiful classic
Stands up to heat well, perennially cool

Cons
Very susceptible to stains, even with sealing.
It can also scratch and chip.

CABINETS
SINKS AND TAPS/ FAUCETS
DOORS AND HANDLES
ADDING THE HUMAN TOUCH
KITCHEN TEXTILES

GARBAGE DISPOSAL
SOLID SURFACING

Corian
perfect for contemporary kitchen settings where sleek, functionally seamless surface joins are required to maintain continuity of work surface form.

Getacore
can be processed like solid wood, the surface able to be very finely sanded in a similar manner to wood parquet
minor traces of use or damage can be simply removed, leaving the worktop as good as new.

Pros
Nonporous, it's virtually maintenance free
Scratches and burns are easy to sand out.
Vibrant hues available
Seamless installation means there are no cracks to trap dirt and debris.

Cons
Patently artificial look and feel
Can approach the price of natural materials
it doesn't stand up to hot pans or sharp knives as well as other materials.

PAPER COMPOSITE
BUTCHER BLOCK
LAMINATE
Pros
Most affordable countertop materials
It's low maintenance and easy to clean
Its light weight

Cons
Prone to scratching, burn and staining
With wear and moisture exposure, the layers can peel.
You can't use laminate with undermount sinks Difficult to repair if it gets damaged.
TILE
Pros
Good against heat and sharp blades
Resists stains
Damaged tiles are fairly easy to replace.

Cons
Uneven surface makes it difficult to balance cutting boards
Unsealed grout is prone to staining
Moisture can damage it and contribute to bacterial growth.

Porcelain tiles
DESIGN ASPECTS
Redirect traffic away from the “working triangle” of your kitchen
Make your appliances look built-in (making sure the cabinet above is at least 24” deep.)
All appliances need working space around them.
Pick out all appliances before you start designing.
Type of storage do you require

ceramic tiles
vinyl tiles
glass tiles
natural stone tiles
WALL PAPER
Pros
Cheap
Easily applied
Beautiful

Cons
Not durable enough
needs maintainance
frequent replacement

PARALLEL KITCHEN
G-SHAPED KITCHEN
L-SHAPED KITCHEN
SINGLE LINE KITCHEN
WORK TRIANGLE IS A STRAIGHT LINE
USUALLY CREATES A CORRIDOR BUT VERY LITTLE FOOT SPACE
COMFORTABLE TRIANGLE
IDEAL WHEN YOU WANT TO ADD A DINING TABLE
utilizes A CORNER WELL
VERY SPACIOUS WORK TRIANGLE
U-SHAPED KITCHEN
IDEAL FOR LARGE SPACE
PROVIDES ABUNDANT STORAGE
CARE MUCT BE TAKEN THAT THE EDGES OF THE TRIANGLE ARE NOT TOO FAR FROM EACH OTHER
THIS IA BASICALLY A U-SHAPED KITCHEN WITH A PENINSULA
WORK TRIANGLE IS VERY COMFORTABLE
OPEN KITCHEN
IN THIS TYPE THE DINING AREA FACES THE KITCHEN
PENINSULA KITCHEN
ONE SIDE OF THE WORK SPACE IS FREE STANDING WITHOUT A WALL TO SUPPORT IT.


Provides plenty of storage as well as extra work surfaces
requires at least 120 cm of free space around
THE ISLAND MAKES THE TRIANGLE BIGGER IN SMALL SPACES
ISLAND KITCHEN
FAUCETS WITH UV RAYS
CENSOR FAUCETS
TAPS / FAUCETS
BASE CABINET
DOOR MOUNTED ORGANISERS
DRAWER ORGANISERS
PULLOUT ORGANISERS
UNDER CABINET STORAGE
WASTE CONTAINER CABINETS
CORNER CABINETS
CUSTOMISABLE CABINETS
REMOVING COOKING FUMES AT
THE SOURCE.
INTRODUCING COOL AIR.
PROVIDING AIR FOR COMBUSTION.
CONTROLLING HUMIDITY.
RAPID UPTAKE OF HEAT.


UPDRAFT SYSTEMS
DOWNDRAFT SYSTEMS
PULLS AIR ACROSS THE COOKING SURFACE .

OFTEN INTEGRATED INTO THE COOKING SURFACE.

USED WHERE HOODS WON’T WORK.

NOT AS EFFECTIVE AS UPDRAFT SYSTEMS.


USES A BLOWER TO GATHER VAPOURS THAT RISES NATURALLY

INSTALLED DIRECTLY OVER KITCHEN COOKING SURFACE

CAN BE DUCTED OR RECIRCULATING


THEY ARE FURTHER DIVIDE INTO FOUR CATEGORIES:-
-Installed against a wall -Not suitable for kitchen islands
-Most commonly used
-Installed in a Cooking Island
Kitchen
-available for ducting out
and recycling
-fitted in the base of canopy
housing or overhead cupboards
-fitted with ASC (Advanced Sensor Control) –automatic operation
-Built into the ceiling
-Require high extraction
rate
-Remote controlled due to
height
GETTING WIRED UP
DISHWASHERS
COUNTER TOP
-Kept on the Kitchen platform
-Comparatively smaller than
other types
-takes up space of platform
IN SINK
-In built
-With the basin
-Made of stainless steel
-Mounted from the top
SINGLE DRAWER
-Sections inside the single
drawer
-Offers perfect ergonomics
for end bending
DOUBLE DRAWER
-The drawers can be washed
separately or together.
-2 independent wash drawers means you can wash 2 separate loads
STOVES
Electric Stoves
-Powered by electricity
-High installation cost
-offers less control over heat output
- heats up very fast.
GAS STOVE
-Powered by natural gas or liquid propane
-Comes with differnt burners for
different purposes
WARMING DRAWER
-Installed with a suitable in built oven
-Used for warming food
-Light cooking
DUAL FUEL
-Combines electric ovens with gas hobs
-Quick responsive heat reduction
-stainless steel hotplates makes it versatile when cooking
OVEN
COUNTERTOP
GAS OVEN
-Distribute heat while being powered by electricity
-uses dry heat, prevents rust build up
-feature a thermostat that controls the oven’s temperature electronically
BUILT IN TWIN GAS OVEN
-Heats and cools down more quickly
-provides great control over the temperature
- heats evenly, allows additional moisture
-attached to a natural gas outlet or can be controlled
electronically
-allows them to cook at separate temperatures
-frequently found in professional kitchens
SINGLE GAS
-Do not have a cook top, many times they are installed with them

MICROWAVE
-Helps cook and reheat food at faster speed
-Not suitable for cooking large meals
FRIDGE
BOTTOM FREEZER
-more ergonomic, less frequent bending
- Cooler chamber at bottom and warmer at
top is an energy efficient design
TOP FREEZER
DIRECT COOL REFRIGERATOR
Direct cool refrigerators are the types where
cooling is done without any fanning
Cooling is rather done by a natural convection

FROST FREE
Use electric fans to circulate cool air inside the chambers
Efficient at keeping a consistent temperature throughout

FRENCH DOOR
Two French doors for refrigerator and bottom freezer
SIDE BY SIDE
-Available with large capacities
-May feature ice and water dispenser
-Efficient at containing heat, thus saving energy

UNDER COUNTER
-Less Storage area
-Usually has no freezer area
The dimensions of the cabinets are customised according to the requirements.
VARIETIES IN DOORS
HANDLES
GLOVES AND POT HOLDERS
APRONS AND CHEF CAPS
SILICONE GRIPPED AND PLASTIC GLOVES AND HOLDERS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE NOW-A-DAYS EXCEPT THE REGULAR COTTON ONES

THEY ARE AVAILABLE IN EVERY SHAPE AND COLOUR
APRONS AND CHEF CAPS ARE USED MAINLY FOR SAFETY AND ARE MADE OF THICK MATERIAL

SECONDLY THEY ARE USED FOR HYGINE

AND POCKETS ALSO MAKE APRONS HANDY IN THE KITCHEN
CURTAINS
Cotton blinds
short, usually
smaller curtains which are non drawable over head.
usually closer to sink.

PRE REQUISITE KNOWLEDGE
USED WHERE SPACE IS SCARCE
ALSO LOOKS GOOD
DIMENSIONS TO KNOW
SINKS
BEFORE WE BEGIN
WE MUST BE CLEAR OF WHAT WE WANT FROM THE SPACE.
HERE ARE SOME ASPECTS TO CONSIDER WHILE DESIGNING
Fixed under the sink

The variations available in the market based on lesser noise, less vibrations, more force to grind waste and accerssories available

Insinkerator leading manufacturing company.

GARBURATOR
Installed below the sink

Crushes bones and makes into a paste



BONE CRUSHER
These stop solid waste from entering the sink pipe and clogging it

Various plumbing companies manufacture this product

WASTE STRAINERS

TRASH BINS
Some need to be stepped on, some pushed aside, some pulled, some aimed into and some are just plain open containers

Multiple containers make segregation of dry and wet waste possible

Usually used with garbage bags.

VASTU
The kitchen should ideally be in the South-East corner of the main building or flat.
The main kitchen platform should be in the East or South-East corner of the house.
The stove or gas burner should be placed in the South-East corner.
An extension of the kitchen platform, in an ‘L’ shape, near the South wall for keeping electric appliances.
The sinc should be in the north-east corner and drinking water should be in placed in the North-East or the North side of the kitchen.
Storage boxes for essential commodities should be kept in the South or the West direction.
The entrance door of the kitchen in the East, the North and the West are best suited.
The gas burner should not be right in front of the main door of the kitchen.
Windows or air vents should be in the East and the West direction
If there is a dining table in the kitchen, it should be placed in the North-West or the West side.
Light utensils can be kept in the East or the North side.
While cooking, one should ideally face towards the East.
The colour of the floor and the walls of the kitchen may be yellow, orange, rose, chocolate or red. The floors should not be black in colour.
Refrigerator should be placed in the South-East, South, West or North directions. It should not be placed in the North-East direction.
If the kitchen is in the North-East direction, mental tension increases and if in the South-West direction, domestic harmony gets disrupted and in North-West direction, expenditure of the household tends to increase.
GENERAL THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND WHILE INSTALLATION
SKIRTING
Skirting is covering the lowest part of an interior wall
Covers the joint between the wall surface and the floor, uneven edges
Decorative molding
In India its done minimum at 100mm
WHAT IS A KITCHEN?
In todays world kitchen is not only for the female members of the family, rather now it is also a family hangout place and also one of the most interesting part of the house,
where everyone gets together and spend most of the time in the whole day.

MODULARITY/ STANDARISATION
The word modularity means anything which is movable and has its identity in fixed sizes and dimensions, can be termed as module.
modularity comes in kitchen, bathroom, office furniture, elactrical switches, etc.
it is req. for standarisation.
some advantages of modularity:
1. ease in istallation.
2. flexibility.
3. relocations of modules/ unnits.
4. replacements of damaged units.
5. speed in construction.
6. time saving.
THE MORE EQUILATERAL THE TRIANGLE IS, THE MORE UTILITARIAN, FUNCTIONAL & PRACTICAL THE KITCHEN IS (BUT THAT'S NOT THE CASE ALWAYS)
Sink should always be near the cabinet of utensils and the stove, so that it will be easier to wash and and use the utensils in shorter time.
662mm is the standard height for elderly person
SouthWest or reverse is the prescribed direction for the sink as per VASTU.
pipes used for inlet and outlet are: CPVC, PVC, GALVANISED PIPE, BRONZE PIPE, ETC.
INLET PIPE: dia- 12.5mm(standard) with change in dia to maintain the pressure of the flow at the faucet, best is to use copper pipe from tank to the tap.
OUTLET PIPE: dia- same.
prefferably korean sink is used everywhere now because it doesnt react with acids.
min. depth should be 200mm.
* Taps work on ceramic plate or surface and the flow restrictor
makes sure that the water doesnt splashe out and hard
in the sink.
Angles of corner cabinets are 85, 90, 95 degrees.
cabinets should be as per the height of the client.
there should be atleast 5cm gap between the unit cabinets of the corner.
if the cabinet exceeds 600mm in width , then it has to be divided into two equal parts.
PREREQUISITES FOR DESIGNING A KITCHEN
* Floor plan
* Work triangle
* All wall elevations
* all electric appliances and switches, etc.

DESIGN PARAMETERS
* exact client requirements
* exact site measurements
* budgetary guidelines
* technical parameters
* grid section & cabinets
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