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WHAT DOES REAL-LIFE LISTENING INVOLVE?

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by

Bahar Emirdağ

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of WHAT DOES REAL-LIFE LISTENING INVOLVE?

The objective of listening comprehension practice in the classroom is
that students should learn to function successfully in real-life listening situations.
Characteristics of real-life listening situations

1- Informal spoken discourse
2- Listener expectation and purpose
3- Looking as well as listening
4- Ongoing, purposeful listener response
5- Speaker attention
Real-life listening situations
Stage:1 Gathering Samples

Think about the real-life listening situations and make a list of them.
What comes to your mind ?
Listening Situations
The essential point is that

listeners need to be able to understand what is said in order to function satisfactorily in the situation
When you look at the list given in your book, what can be common features of real-life listening situations?
Hint: Think the kind of the language that is used; the kind of interaction;
what the listener is doing
WHAT DOES REAL-LIFE LISTENING INVOLVE?
Do you know what the real-life listening is?
What should the listener do in order to comprehend satisfactorily in a variety of situation?
interview
instructions
loudspeaker announcements
radio news
committee meeting
shopping
theathre show
telephone chat
lesson, lecture
conversation, gossip
watching television
story-telling
Informal spoken discourse
How is the spoken language we listen?
Formal or informal ?
Spontaneous or well-prepared?
Why?
What are various interesting features that Informal speech has?
Brevity of 'chunks'
Pronunciation
Vocabulary
Grammar
"Noise"
Redundancy
Non- repetition
Brevity of 'chunks'
Informal language is usually broken into short chunks.
Could you give an example for brevity of chunks, please?
Pronunciation
Is the pronunciation of words different from the phonological representation given in a dictionary?
Could you give an example, please?
The pronunciation of words is often slurred and noticeably different from the phonological representation.
Examples:
can't for cannot
orright for all right
Sh'we go? for Shall we go?
Vocabulary
The vocabulary is colloquial.

Could you give an example for this feature of informal discourse
For examle, we use
guy
instead of using man in writing or
kid
for child
.
Grammar

Is informal speech grammatical or ungrammatical
It tends to be ungrammatical.
Utterances do not usually divide neatly into sentences,
Unfinished clauses are common.
'Noise'
Bits of the discourse that are intelligible to the hearer.
Is the noise meaningful or meaningless?
Why?
It is meaningless noise.
Because the words are not said clearly, or not known to the hearer or
because the hearer is not attending.
Redundancy
The speaker normally says a good deal more than is strictly necessary for the conveying of the message.
What does redundancy include?
Redundancy includes;
- Repetition
- Paraphrase
- Glossing with utterances in paranthesis
- Self-correction
- The use of 'fillers' such as
I mean
,
well

etc.
Redundancy compensates for the gaps created by 'noise'.
Non-repetition
The discourse will not be repeated verbatim.
It is heard only once.
Why?
If the discourse is repeated again and again, it becomes redundant.
Thank you for your attention :)
Bahar Emirdag

13131037
Stage 2: Finding typical characteristics
Full transcript