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Types of Speeches

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by

Melinda Smith

on 8 February 2015

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Transcript of Types of Speeches

Types of Speeches
There are many different types of speeches, and it's important to know the difference between them.

The type of speech tells us what the speaker's purpose probably is, and what we can expect from the speech.

Knowing what kind of speech we're delivering helps us decide what kind of reasoning and language we need to use.
Types of Speeches
Persuasive / Argumentative
Persuasive speeches are designed to change the audience's mind about something, or convince them that their position is correct. They want people to get on board with something, or maybe even buy something. The speaker often uses passion or emotion to get their point across.

Argumentative speeches are similar, but their purpose is not necessarily to "win." They present both sides of an argument in a balanced way.
Special Occasion
This type of speech is meant to to entertain, celebrate, commemorate, or inspire an audience.

This might be a toast, a eulogy, an introduction, or an acceptance (i.e., Academy Awards speeches, father of the bride speeches).

This type of speech is usually fairly short, and can often be emotional.
Impromptu
Impromptu speeches are delivered with little or no preparation time.

The speaker usually does not use notes or other materials.

This is the speaker's spontaneous reaction to the topic they are presented with.
Oral Interpretation
This involves analyzing a (usually) written text and sharing the meaning with the audience.

You might look at a quote, song, poem, or story and present your interpretation to the audience.
Motivational
Motivational speeches seek to inspire their listeners, and encourage them to take action to improve their lives.

These speeches are usually emotional, passionate, inspirational, and enthusiastic. They want their audience to achieve personal and professional goals.
Informative
Informative speeches, well, inform. They tell the audience about something. They're not trying to convince the audience of anything, they're just describing something.

Informative speech could describe...
Objects
Processes
Events
Concepts

Example: Speech about the civil war, or how computer programming works.
Full transcript