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Listening Process

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by

Che Kam Patel

on 23 June 2014

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Transcript of Listening Process

Listening Process
Receiving Stimuli
Attention
Songs/Words/Sounds
Vibrations
Cues
PRIORITIZE
IMPORTANT
POTENTIALLY IMPORTANT
DESERVE PASSIVE MONITORING
UNIMPORTANT
IGNORED
Working Memory
Selective vs Automatic Attention
RECOGNIZING STIMULI
LINKING TO LONG-TERM MEMORY
RECOGNITION OF PATTERN

Deciphering new information is harder than ones that have been stored in Long-Term Memory
Pay attention to our favourite shows, songs, conversation that we deem important

Instinctive focus to stimuli.
Examples: Our name being shouted, siren

Can we do both?
Short-Term Memory
TEMPORARY STORAGE (~20 secs)
INFORMATION THAT WE NEED TO USE IMMEDIATELY
WHEN IT BECOMES OVERLOADED - FORGET
The information would likely be lost if it is interrupted
Are we relying too much on short-term memory?
Researchers found that individuals recall only 50% of a message immediately after listening to it and 25% after a short delay (Gilbert, 1988)
Long-Term Memory
Permanent storage
NO LIMITATIONS
PAST EXPERIENCES, LANGUAGES, VALUES, IMAGES, PEOPLE, SIGHTS, SOUNDS, SMELLS, FANTASIES etc.

Researchers hypothesize that we store the information according to schema
Schemata
"FILING SYSTEMS"
A group of schemata is interconnected.
Working memory will find correct schema to store the newly received information.
If the schema does not exist, working memory will instruct long-term memory to create a new one
Why we often forget things we listen to?
THEORETICALLY
Normal functioning brains never lose information stored in long-term memory.
When we try to access information, the brains will find the suitable schema that corresponds to the stimuli.
Then why?
DO INTERNET RESEARCH
AND
SHARE WITH THE CLASS
Listening Models
BOTTOM-UP MODEL

TOP-DOWN MODEL

INTERACTIVE MODEL
Full transcript