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Transcript of Listening Process
DESERVE PASSIVE MONITORING
Selective vs Automatic Attention
LINKING TO LONG-TERM MEMORY
RECOGNITION OF PATTERN
Deciphering new information is harder than ones that have been stored in Long-Term Memory
Pay attention to our favourite shows, songs, conversation that we deem important
Instinctive focus to stimuli.
Examples: Our name being shouted, siren
Can we do both?
TEMPORARY STORAGE (~20 secs)
INFORMATION THAT WE NEED TO USE IMMEDIATELY
WHEN IT BECOMES OVERLOADED - FORGET
The information would likely be lost if it is interrupted
Are we relying too much on short-term memory?
Researchers found that individuals recall only 50% of a message immediately after listening to it and 25% after a short delay (Gilbert, 1988)
PAST EXPERIENCES, LANGUAGES, VALUES, IMAGES, PEOPLE, SIGHTS, SOUNDS, SMELLS, FANTASIES etc.
Researchers hypothesize that we store the information according to schema
A group of schemata is interconnected.
Working memory will find correct schema to store the newly received information.
If the schema does not exist, working memory will instruct long-term memory to create a new one
Why we often forget things we listen to?
Normal functioning brains never lose information stored in long-term memory.
When we try to access information, the brains will find the suitable schema that corresponds to the stimuli.
DO INTERNET RESEARCH
SHARE WITH THE CLASS