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Transcript of Mental Health
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
social anxiety disorders How are attitudes formed? Emotional: how the object, person, issue or event makes you feel there are three components Cognitive: how the attitude influences your behaviour your thoughts and beliefs about the subject Behavioral: Attitudes develop from... a result of a personal experience or observation
how society expects us to behave that would be considered normal
and what society considers as appropiate within their rules Attitudes can be learned in different ways
such as classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational learning. Attitudes can be easily changed. What is classical conditioning? Classical conditioning influences your attitude to form positive emotional reactions towards a certain object, person, or event.
Advertisers use classical conditioning to influence your attitude and link positive emotions towards their particular product. What is operant conditioning? Operant conditioning is when desirable attitudes are strengthened and undesirable attitudes are weakened.
An example of this is: a young man starts to smoke and people around him complain and berate him. The negative feedback from those around him causes him to stop smoking.
Therefore, his attitudes towards smoking is weakened and is seen as undesirable. What is observational learning? Attitudes can be learnt from observing other people and their behaviours. When you admire a certain attitude, similar beliefs begin to develop.
An example is: young children are always observing their parent's behaviour, therefore they are more likely to adapt similar attitudes. statistics from the survey conducted Facts about Mental Health in
suffer a mental heath problem at some stage in their life. During a one-year period, anxiety disorders will affect
of the population and depression will affect
% Up to % of people seriously affected by mental illness eventually die from suicide. 50% of all major illnesses start in children before the age of
, and that 75% are known by the age of Around % of adults are psychiatrically disabled by the effects of mental illness. It is estimated that
of homeless people have a mental illness. Yes, we CAN change the community's attitude towards mental illness. What are some actions that will improve the community's attitude towards mental illness? Removing or reducing negative stigmas about mental illness. Programs to encourage the media to promote mental illness responsibly. Having organisations that campaign to promote positive attitudes. Educating young people in schools about mental illnesses. Goal Negative stigmas about mental illness can be reduced or removed by raising awareness about mental health through advertisements such as posters and postcards. This allows the community to be more educated about mental illnesses and the services provided that can aid patients with mental illnesses. The media plays a huge role in influencing people's attitudes towards mental illnesses. Patients with mental illness are often portrayed as violent and aggressive however that is merely a stereotype. If educational programs were held to encourage the media to stop stereotyping and stimulate positive attitudes, it would influence the community's attitude to a more positive perspective on mental illnesses. Not alienating patients of mental illnesses and making them feel connected with the community. Organisations that campaign to promote positive attitudes will not only improve their overall knowledge and increase awareness, but also influence the community's attitude towards mental illness. Young people in communities should be educated and have a good knowledge about mental illness. They are the future generation of the community and when a young person develops a mental illness, he/she will know what to do. By being well informed, the community will help one another and develop a great level of understanding of mental illnesses; therefore creating a chain reaction and reducing negative stigmas. Patients with mental illness should not be treated any differently to a person without mental illness. Providing the patient with support will not only benefit the patient but also the community because they will learn more from real patient encounters. Educating young people about mental illness is extremely important. Mental illnesses should not be associated with negative stigmas and attitudes but it is possible to change them. Finish Attitudes can be influenced by: the media such as television shows, movies, newspapers, magazines and radio
advertisements such as billboard posters and commercials
our school or work environment
how you are treated by the people around you
the way you were brought up at home with family
your morals and beliefs
social norms and what is considered appropiate
the behaviour of others Demonstrated in my sample of surveys, there is a reasonable understanding of mental illnesses within the community. strong support base of mental illness in the community good media representation and well supplied information personal experiences education and other informative resources
Reasons why an understanding exists could be because... exposure to patients with mental illness If the community is exposed to patients with mental illness, they are more likely to be more tolerant and extend their knowledge about mental illnesses. The community will also show more sympathy towards the patients and in combination with an exceptional understanding of mental illness, it reflects onto the overall view of mental illness of the community. If the community does not show stereotypical representations of mental illnesses, it could influence the community's attitude towards mental illness and their understanding. If the media is constantly informing the public about this matter, it would increase the community's overall understanding and knowledge to make unprejudiced decisions. When the community has a strong support base for mental illness, the community is more likely to show a better understanding and ignore the negative stigmas associated with mental illness. The community are more likely to be accepting and have an adequate understanding of the issue. Another reason that the community has an understanding of mental illness is due to majority of the young respondents learning about the issue at school or older adults being informed at their workplace. Schools and workplaces are influential places that can easily impact on attitudes and the overall understanding of a person's knowledge of mental illness. Mental illness is not something rare, as it happens to 1 in 5 people in some stage in their life. Those who have personally experienced a mental illness may express a sense of empathy to those who are currently suffering and demonstrate a higher level of understanding. Those who have an intimate relation with someone who has a mental illness such as a family member or close friend also show empathy or sympathy and have a greater understanding to those who might not. 1. People should generally sort out their own mental health problems.
2. Once you have a mental illness you have it for life.
3. Females are more likely to have a mental illness than males.
4. Medication is the best treatment for a mental illness.
5. People with a mental illness are generally violent and dangerous.
6. Adults are more likely than teenagers to have a mental illness.
7. You can tell just by looking at someone whether they have a mental illness.
8. People with a mental illness are generally shy and quiet.
9. Mental illness can happen to anybody.
10. You would be willing to have a person with a mental illness at your school or employed at your place of work.
11. You would be willing to have a person with a mental illness marry into your family.
12. You would be happy to have a person with a mental illness become a close friend.
13. It would be safer for the community for people with a mental illness to be kept in hospital.
14. It's okay for people with a mental illness to have children.
15. People see mental illness in the same way they see physical illness.