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Copy of Constitutional Powers

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by

Wind Ralston

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Constitutional Powers

Articles of Confederation
The Legislative Branch
The Judicial Branch
The Executive Branch
The National Government is also known as the federal government.
Constitutional Powers
The original framework of government that loosely linked the original thirteen states together. It was later replaced by the Constitution.
-Gave Congress the power to make war and declare peace
-Each state had one vote
-States had most of the power
-States could refuse requests by the Congress
The Bill of Rights
The President is the head of this Branch, he is supported by members of his Cabinet which are the heads of the executive departments.
-Main job is to enforce the laws
-Nominates cabinet members, ambassadors, and judges
-Commander-in-Chief
-Can Veto laws
-Makes Laws which are called bills until they are signed into law
-Made up of two houses (House of Representative and Senate)
-Power to declare war, coin money, regulate interstate trade, and override a veto
Congress
The House of Representatives
-2 year terms, minimum age 25 years old
-Revenue laws must originate in the House
The Senate
-6 year terms, minimum age 30
-Approve presidential nominations
-Approve Treaties
-Judges are appointed for life
-Settles disputes between states
-Settles disputes involving the United States
-Review Treaties
-Can declare laws and presidential acts unconstitutional
-Protects your civil rights
Federal Courts
-One Supreme Court
-Twelve Appellate Courts
-Ninety-four District Courts

These courts are the trial courts for federal laws, both civil (money) and criminal (prison).

A loss in the lower court can be appealed to a higher court - an appeal is asking for a reversal of the trial decision.
Powers of the Judicial Branch
Divisions of the Judicial Branch
-Added to the Constitution because of the Anti-federalists
-List of individual rights (right to freedom of speech, self-incrimination, double-jeopardy, etc.)
-Protects the rights of all Americans, not just the majority
-Gave rights not listed to individuals (9th Amendment)
-Gave rights not specifically prohibited to the States. (10th Amendment)
-Said that federal government could not take away rights that the states grant to individuals. (10th Amendment)
Full transcript