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Transcript of New Deal
How it worked
He began by pumping money into the economy and he sent federal money to states to help those in need.
Next, he came up with many programs that would help get our nation back on its feet.
It also encouraged Georgia's farmers to stop relying solely on cotton, and to plant more peanuts, corn, tobacco, and other crops.
Act of 1933
This law actually paid farmers not to produce certain crops in order to raise farm prices.
The A.A.A. was successful in GA because it restricted the supply of products and drove the prices up so farmers made a profit again.
Social Security Act of 1935
The law provided retirement pay and other government benefits for workers.
It also provided unemployment insurance for people out of work.
Social Security is the only New Deal program that is still around today!
FDR and The New Deal
Here, President FDR signs the TVA Act, one part of the New Deal.
Overproduction of farms was the main reason farmers couldn't get out of debt.
By 1950, GA was the country's leader in peanut production and poultry.
The state's peach farming industry also made a huge comeback after years of decline.
Civilian Conservation Corps
The C.C.C. build roads, planted
forests, and worked on irrigation and national parks projects.
Projects in GA included planting trees in the Chattahoochee National Forest, improving parks like the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, and working on the Appalachian Trail.
By 1941, more than 2 million men
had worked for the C.C.C.
building a road
lunch at a
Rural Electrification Administration
FDR set up the R.E.A. in 1935
97% of GA's farms were without electricity
The R.E.A. offered low-interest loans to companies to build power lines in rural areas.
Within 15 years, most of GA's farms had power.
Rural schools received electricity.
FDR set up many other programs, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
The New Deal didn't restore the U.S. economy to where it was before the Great Depression, but it did help the nation get back on its feet.
It wasn't until 1942 that the Depression was truly over - when World War II started.
Eugene Talmadge, a powerful Georgia politician, opposed many of the New Deal programs.
Talmadge served as Georgia’s governor from 1933-1937 and from 1941-1943.
He appealed to Georgia’s rural farmers and they backed him passionately.
Talmadge opposed civil rights for African Americans and fought against integration of schools.
Talmadge believed that the federal government should stay out of state matters and he refused to back many of Roosevelt’s policies.
Because of his opposition, much of the aid offered by New Deal programs did not affect Georgia until after Talmadge left office.
The desire for Social Security in Georgia led to the election of pro-New Deal governor Eurith Rivers, who brought more helpful programs into the state.