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PUBLIC SPEAKING AND LANGUAGE
Transcript of PUBLIC SPEAKING AND LANGUAGE
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF LANGUAGE?
WORDS ARE THE TOOLS OF A SPEAKER'S CRAFT WHICH CAN TAKE ON TWO TYPES OF MEANINGS.
Denotative meaning is precise, literal, and objective.
Connotative meaning is more variable, figurative, and subjective.
EXAMPLES OF WORDS WITH A DENOTATIVE AND CONNOTATIVE MEANING:
Connotative meaning give words their intensity and emotional power. It arouses various emotions in listeners and is often used by speakers, poets, and musicians.
In your opinion, how do musical artists use connotative meanings in their songs? Give an example.
What is the connotative meaning of the following songs?
As we have discussed in class,words can cause various problems:
HOW CAN WE USE WORDS ACCURATELY?
First, make sure you are using the right words for the occasion. For instance, in a criminal trial, "criminal persecution, and criminal prosecution" mean two very different things.
Let's Look at Some Examples::
Speakers should take careful time to craft their words before speaking in front of any audience:
HOW CAN WE USE WORDS CLEARLY?
Use familiar words
Choose concrete words
Let's practice using language clearly:
I FEEL I AM QUALIFIED FOR THIS POSITION BECAUSE I HAVE TAKEN INTENSE, MONUMENTAL AVENUES TO SECURE EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS. MOREOVER, I AM EXCEPTIONAL AND LOQUACIOUS, BUT THIS IS A SKILL I USE IN CRITICAL PROFESSIONAL ENCOUNTERS WITH THIRD PARTIES. IF YOU SECURE ME TO COLLABORATE WITHIN YOUR UNIQUE AND CREATIVE ORGANIZATION, THIS WILL BE A CRITICAL CHOICE THAT WILL INSTILL LONGEVITY WITHIN YOUR COMPANY.
HOW CAN WE USE LANGUAGE VIVIDLY?
AUDIENCE-CENTERED SPEAKERS PUT EMPHASIS ON USING CLEAR, VIVID, AND UNCLUTTERED LANGUAGE.
Let's practice using vivid language:
The sun stubbornly peaked through the puffy clouds, giving the children a ray of hope the rain would end soon.
Quick as a fox
The scarf whimsically blew in the wind as the girl tried to catch the train.
The judge is a menacing wolf.
Let's listen to the following songs and see how vivid language is used:
USING LANGUAGE APPROPRIATELY
APPROPRIATENESS TO THE OCCASION
APPROPRIATENESS TO THE AUDIENCE
APPROPRIATENESS TO THE TOPIC
APPROPRIATENESS TO THE SPEAKER
Let's practice using language appropriately:
Speaker is a dinner job interview. While at the dinner table, speaker is asked, "Tell me a little about yourself." The speaker's response is, "Um..I'm cool. I'm a beast in graphic arts.
Speaker takes the elevator on the way to the interview and states to the woman beside him, "I hope I'm interviewing with a fox. I like to play a little before I work...you know what I mean?"
Speaker is in front of an interview panel and states, "This job really sucks. It doesn't pay enough, and I have no idea why I even applied."
Let's take a look at an example of using language appropriately:
Let's take a look at how language can be used inappropriately:
PUT YOUR PAPER ITEMS IN YOUR CUP AND SWITCH CUPS WITH THE PERSON BESIDE YOU.
YOUR PARTNER WILL LIST YOUR NAME AND ITEMS FOR EACH CATEGORY ON A SHEET OF PAPER TO TURN IN TO THE INSTRUCTOR.
THEN, USING THE EXAMPLE YOUR PARTNER WROTE FOR CONNOTATIVE, ACCURATE, CLEAR, AND CONCRETE LANGUAGE, YOU MUST USE ONE OF THE EXAMPLES (FOR EACH CATEGORY) IN YOUR NEXT SPEECH. THESE WORDS MUST BE INCLUDED WITHIN YOUR OUTLINE AND OUTLINED OR BOLDED SO I KNOW YOU INCORPORATED THEM INTO YOUR SPEECH. PLACE ALL OF YOUR ITEMS BACK IN YOUR "RED SOLO" CUP SO YOU DO NOT LOSE THEM! GOOD LUCK!
ARBITRARY SYMBOLS, WORDS, AND PHRASES THAT CREATE MEANING IN OTHERS.
Second, you have to know that sometimes, there is a better word that can accomplish the meaning you want and gain more of the listener's attention.
STICKS AND STONES MAY HURT BUT WORDS WILL NEVER HURT ME.
1) HOW DID HURRICANE KATRINA VICTIMES FEEL ABOUT BEING LABELED "REFUGEES?"
2)WHY WAS THE WORD BANNED BY MEDIA OUTLETS?
3) WHY DID OTHER MEDIA OUTLETS DECIDE NOT TO BAN THE WORD-SAYING IT "PROPERLY DESCRIBED THE VICTIMS?"