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Classical Greece vs. Hellenistic Greece
Transcript of Classical Greece vs. Hellenistic Greece
In the Classical Greek the literature was mostly written by writers. one of the most important writers was Homer. Homer wrote epic poems about battles and wars. Another important person was Thucydides. He wrote about the history of the wars he fought in.
Religion & Philosophy
The religion in Classical Greece was polytheism. Polytheism meant that they believed in many gods. In Classical Greece the philosophy was mainly based on the universe. Some the the greatest philosophers were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
In Classical Greece the government styles were just what ever the city states wanted had decided on. Some of the main government styles were Democracy, Oligarchy, and Tyranny. Athens was an Oligarchy for a long time and then they started using Democracy. Sparta one the other hand was a Tyranny.
During Classical Greece religion was one important principle. Greeks considered religion to be a necessary thing. The Greeks had an oracle. The oracle was someone that could deliver a message that the gods revealed to them. Literature and art were also important in Classical Greece also.
In the Hellenistic Era literature was a big part of the society. In one library the were 500,000 scrolls. People were fully encouraged to study their literature. the quality of the literature was held to the highest standards.
This picture shows some of the 500,000 scrolls in the library at Alexandria.
The religion in the Hellenistic Era was made of many different religions. Some of the religions come from Egypt and Classical Greece. In the Hellenistic Era one of the major finds was that the sun is in the center of the universe. Some of the main philosophers were Aristarchus, Eratosthenes, and Stoicism.
Aristarchus was the philosopher that said that the sun was the center of the universe.
In the Hellenistic Era after Alexander died, his kingdom was split up into smaller kingdoms. Each of these kingdom used there own style of government. Before the kingdom split up, it was ruled by a monarchy. When Alexander did die there were monarchs lined up to rule.
Alexander the great was the first monarch to rule the Hellenistic kingdom.
In the Hellenistic Era literature a main principle. Every person was expected to be study their literature carefully. Art and philosophy were also very important to the Hellenistic Era. There were also many scientific advances. One of which would be that the Earth rotates around the sun in a circular orbit.
This picture shows what the art from the Hellenistic Era.
In Classical Greece the men were the only people to be involved in the government. The only way they wouldn't be involved is if they were slaves. The women were expected to work at home.
In the Hellenistic Era women had more involvement in the community. They could work in public offices and get schooling. In the Hellenistic Era the slavery decreased by a little.
In Classical Greece most of their economy was from their trade. In Athens they grow grains, vegetables, and fruits. They grew grapes and olives to make wine. They also raised animals. Most of the grain Athens needed was being imported.
In the Hellenistic Era the economy was more depending on finance. The economy was starting to revolve around the gold and silver coins that were being made. In the Hellenistic Era the Greeks started trading with India and China.
This is the coins in the Hellenistic Era would have looked like .
By: Ethan Riley