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Manuscript Description in the TEI

A presentation originally from DiXiT Camp 2 in Graz, but using material created by the TEI Community over many years.
by

James Cummings

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Manuscript Description in the TEI

Manuscript Description
in the TEI

@jamescummings
Structure of an msDesc
<msDesc xml:id="myFavouriteMS" xml:lang="en">
<
msIdentifier
>

<!-- Manuscript Identification -->
</
msIdentifier
>
<
msContents
>

<!-- Intellectual Structure -->
</
msContents
>
<
physDesc
>

<!-- Physical Description -->
</
physDesc
>
<
history
>

<!-- Origin, Provenance, Acquisition -->
</
history
>
<
additional
>

<!-- Additional Administrative Metadata -->
</
additional
>
</msDesc>

Manuscripts are unique objects, sometimes (but not necessarily) of great cultural or political value.
Books, by contrast, exist in multiple copies, and can be described adequately by well-established and formalised bibliographic conventions.
For manuscripts, there are several traditions, often descriptive or belle lettriste, and little consensus.
Manuscripts can be ancient or modern, and it benefits us to use the same forms of description for them.
Similar concerns apply to other text-bearing objects, and <
msDesc
> is often also used for incunabula.
Why Are Manuscripts So Special?
The TEI <
msDesc
> element is intended for several different kinds of applications:
standalone database of library records (
finding aid
)
discursive text collecting many records (
catalogue raisonné
)
metadata component within a digital surrogate (
electronic edition
)
tool for ‘quantitative codicology’
Objectives of <
msDesc
>
<
div
>
<
head
>The Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection</
head
>
<
p
>The Arnamagnæan Collection is widely recognised as one of the most significant collections of early Scandinavian manuscripts in the world...</
p
>
<
p
>Among its more important holdings are:
<
msDesc xml:id
="AM02-0101"
xml:lang
="en">

<!-- ...-->
</
msDesc
>
</
p
>
<
p
>In the following manuscript....
<
msDesc xml:id
="AM04-0595"
xml:lang
="en">
<!-- ...-->
</
msDesc
>
</
p
>
</
div
>
Catalogue Raisonné
Manuscript description in the TEI caters for two conflicting desires:

preserve (or perpetuate) existing descriptive prose
reliable search, retrieval, and analysis of data
The <
msDesc
> tries, wherever possible, to enable both of these approaches.
Having one's cake and eating it
Inside <
msDesc
> only <
msIdentifier
> is required. This could be followed by <
p
> elements or:
Components of an <
msDesc
>
<
msContents
>: alist of the intellectual content of the manuscript
<
physDesc
>: groups information concerning all physical aspects of the manuscript
<
history
>: provides information on the history of the manuscript, its origin, provenance and acquisition by current holding institution
<
additional
>: groups other information about the manuscript (e.g. administrative information relating to its availability, custodial history, surrogates)
<
msPart
>: contains in essence a nested <msDesc>, in cases of composite manuscripts now regarded as constituting a single unit but made up of two or more parts which were originally physically distinct.
What Counts as a Manuscript?
Identifying Manuscripts
The <
msIdentifier
> element has a traditional manuscript location three part specification:
place
: <
country
>, <
region
>, <
settlement
>
repository
: <
institution
>, <
repository
>
identifier
: <
collection
>, <
idno
>, <
altIdentifier
>

Example <msIdentifier>
More Examples
Named Manuscripts
<
msIdentifier
>
<
country
>United States of America</
country
>
<
region
>Texas</
region
>
<
settlement
>Austin</
settlement
>
<
institution
> The University of Texas at Austin </
institution
>
<
repository
>Harry Ransom Centre</
repository
>
<
collection
>Wilfred Owen Collected Letters</
collection
>
<
idno type
="folio">ff504</
idno
>
<
altIdentifier
>
<
idno
>Letter no. 535 Ed. 'Wilfred Owen Collected Letters'</
idno
>
</
altIdentifier
>
<
msName
>Letter to Leslie Gunston</
msName
>
</
msIdentifier
>
<
msIdentifier
>
<
country
>Canada</
country
>
<
settlement
>Ottawa</
settlement
>
<
repository
>Library and Archives Canada </
repository
>
<
collection
>E.W.B. Morrison</
collection
>
<
idno
>MG 30 E 81 v. 16</
idno
>
</
msIdentifier
>
<
msIdentifier
>
<
country
>France</
country
>
<
settlement
>Troyes</
settlement
>
<
repository
>Bibliothèque Municipale</
repository
>
<
idno
>50</
idno
>
</
msIdentifier
>
<
msIdentifier xml:lang
="da">
<
country
>Danmark</
country
>
<
settlement
>København</
settlement
>
<
repository
>Det ArnamagnæanskeInstitut</
repository
>
<
idno
>AM 45 fol.</
idno
>
<
msName xml:lang
="la">Codex Frisianus</
msName
>
<
msName xml:lang
="is">Fríssbók</
msName
>
<
altIdentifier
>
<
idno type
="TEI">tei-eg-23</
idno
>
</
altIdentifier
>
</
msIdentifier
>
Alternative or additional names can be provided, perhaps in different languages
Structured vs Unstructured <
msDesc
>
After <
msIdentifier
> you can either have a set of structured elements or one or more <
p
> elements
The same is true inside the rest of the elements inside <
msDesc
> (except for <
msIdentifier
> which must be structured)
<
msDesc xml:id
="myMS">
<
msIdentifier
>
<
msName
>My Manuscript</
msName
>
</
msIdentifier
>
<
p
>One or more paragraphs</
p
>
</
msDesc
>
<
msDesc xml:id
="myMS">
<
msIdentifier
>
<
msName
>My Manuscript</
msName
>
</
msIdentifier
>
<
msContents
>
<
p
>Paragraph(s) about manuscript contents</
p
>
</
msContents
>
<
physDesc
>
<
p
>Paragraph(s) about manuscript as physical object</
p
>
</
physDesc
>
<
history
>
<
p
>Paragraph(s) about history of manuscript</
p
>
</
history
>
<
additional
>
<
listBibl
>
<
bibl
>Bibliographic records containing
additional information</
bibl
>
</
listBibl
>
</
additional
>
</
msDesc
>

Structured <
msContents
>
<
msContents
> documents the intellectual content of the manuscript. If you don't use a set of paragraphs then it will be structured like:
<
msContents
>
<
summary
>An extraordinary charivari of heroic
deeds, improving tales, and hymns.</
summary
>
<
msItem
>

<!-- details of Guy of Warwick here -->
</
msItem
>
<
msItem
>

<!-- other msItems for hymns here -->
</
msItem
>
</
msContents
>
About <
msItem
>
<
msItem
> documents the identifiable items of intellectual content in a manuscript. These are often physically tied to a
locus
:
The <
locus>
if present,
must
be given first then any of the following:

model.biblLike <
bibl
>, <
biblFull
>, <
biblStruct
>, <
listBibl
>, <
msDesc
>
model.msQuoteLike <
colophon
>, <
explicit
>, <
finalRubric
>, <
incipit
>, <
rubric
>, <
title
>
model.quoteLike <
cit
>, <
quote
>
model.respLike <
author
>, <
editor
>, <
funder
>, <
meeting
>, <
principal
>, <
respStmt
>, <
sponsor
>
<
decoNote
>, <
filiation
>, <
idno
>, <
msItem
>, <
msItemStruct
>, <
textLang
>
<
msItem
> example
<
msContents
>

<!-- first item -->
<
msItem n
="1">
<
locus from
="5r"
to
="7v">fols. 5r-7v</
locus
>
<
title type
="supplied">An ABC</title>
</
msItem
>

<!-- second item -->
<
msItem n
="2">
<
locus from
="7v"
to
="8v">fols. 7v-8v</
locus
>
<
title type
="uniform"
xml:lang
="fr">L'envoy de Chaucer a Scogan</
title
>
</
msItem
>

<!-- ...further items here... -->
<
msItem n
="6">
<
locus from
="14r"
to
="126v">fols. 14r-126v</
locus
>
<
title type
="uniform">Troilus and Criseyde</
title
>
<
note
>Bk. 1:71-Bk. 5:1701, with additional losses due to mutilation throughout</
note
>
</
msItem
>
</
msContents
>
Physical Description
<
physDesc
>
example
<
objectDesc
>
example
The <
physDesc
> element records any information concerning the physicality or materiality of the manuscript. If using the structured form this might include:
The physical carrier:
<
objectDesc
>
What it carries:
<
handDesc
>, <
scriptDesc
>, <
typeDesc
>
Special features:
<
additions
>, <
decoDesc
>, <
musicNotation
>
External things:
<
bindingDesc
>, <
sealDesc
>, <
accMat
>

<
physDesc
>
<
objectDesc form
="codex">
<
supportDesc material
="perg">
<
support
>Parchment.</
support
>
<
extent>i +
55 leaves
<
dimensions scope
="all"
type
="leaf">
<
height unit
="mm"
quantity
="184.15">7¼ in</
height
>
<
width unit
="mm"
quantity
="136.53">5⅜ in</
width
>
</
dimensions
>
</
extent
>
</
supportDesc
>
<
layoutDesc
>
<
layout columns
="2">In double columns.</
layout
>
</
layoutDesc
>
</
objectDesc
>
<
handDesc
>
<
p
>Written in more than one hand.</
p
>
</
handDesc
>
<
decoDesc
>
<
p
>With a few coloured capitals.</
p
>
</
decoDesc
>
</
physDesc
>
<
objectDesc form
="codex">
<
supportDesc material
="mixed">
<
p
>Early modern
<
material
>parchment</
material
> and
<
material
>paper</
material
>.</
p
>
</
supportDesc
>
<
layoutDesc
>
<
layout columns
="1"
ruledLines
="25 32"/>
</
layoutDesc
>
</
objectDesc
>
But both <
supportDesc
> and <
layoutDesc
> could be much more structured with specific elements for <
support
>, <
extent
>, <
foliation
>, <
collation
>, <
condition
>
<
layoutDesc
>
<
layout ruledLines
="25 32"
columns
="1">
<
locus

from
="1r"
to
="202v"/>
<
locus from
="210r"
to
="212v"/> Between 25
and 32 ruled lines.
</
layout
>
<
layout ruledLines
="34 50"
columns
="1">
<
locus from
="203r"
to
="209v"/>Between 34
and 50 ruled lines.
</
layout
>
</
layoutDesc
>
Description of Hands and Decoration

<
handDesc
>

Contains multiple <
handNote
> elements

<
decoDesc
>

Contains multiple <
decoNote
> elements
<
handDesc hands
="2">
<
p
>The manuscript is written in two contemporary hands, otherwise unknown, but clearly those of practised scribes. Hand 1 writes ff.1r-22v and hand 2 ff. 23 and 24. Some scholars, notably <
persName ref
="AMI:VD02">Verner Dahlerup</
persName
> and <
persName ref
="AMI:HB05">Hreinn Benediktsson</
persName
>, have argued for a third hand on f. 24, but the evidence for this is insubstantial.</
p
>
</
handDesc
>
<
handDesc hands
="2">
<
handNote xml:id
="Eirsp-1"
scope
="minor"
script
="Bookhand_IG">
The first part of the manuscript,
<
locus from
="1v"
to
="72v:4">fols 1v-72v:4</
locus
>, is written in a
practised Icelandic Gothic bookhand. This hand is not found
elsewhere.
</
handNote
>
<
handNote xml:id
="Eirsp-2"
scope
="major"
script
="other">
The second part of the manuscript,
<
locus from
="72v:4"
to
="194v">fols 72v:4-194</
locus
>, is written
in a hand contemporary with the first; it can also be found in a
fragment of <
bibl
><
title
>Knýtlinga saga</
title
>,
<
ref
>AM 20b II fol.</
ref
></
bibl
>.
</
handNote
>
</
handDesc
>
<
additions
>
example
<
accMat
>
example
Another
<
physDesc
>
example
The <
additions
> element can be used to list or describe any
additions to the manuscript, such as marginalia, scribblings,
doodles, etc., which are considered to be of interest or
importance.
<
additions
>
<
p
>The text of this manuscript is not interpolated with sentences from Royal decrees promulgated in 1294, 1305 and 1314. In the margins, however, another somewhat later scribe has added the relevant paragraphs of these decrees, see pp. 8, 24, 44, 47 etc.</
p
>
<
p
>As a humorous gesture the scribe in one opening of the manuscript, pp. 36 and 37, has prolonged the lower stems of one letter f and five letters þ and has them drizzle down the margin.</
p
>
</
additions
>
<
accMat
> (accompanying material) contains details of any significant additional material which may be closely associated with the manuscript being described, such as non-contemporaneous documents or fragments bound in with the manuscript at some earlier historical period.
<
accMat
> A copy of a tax form from 1947 is included in the envelope with the letter. It is not catalogued separately. </
accMat
>
<
physDesc
>
<
objectDesc form
="folio">
<
supportDesc material
="paper">
<
support
>A single folio of <
material
>paper</
material
> in the
collection as ff504 recto and verso</support>
</
supportDesc
>
<
layoutDesc
>
<
layout columns
="1"
writtenLines
="20">Written full width as a
single column, with approximately 20 lines per page</
layout
>
</
layoutDesc
>
</
objectDesc
>
<
handDesc hands
="1">
<
handNote
>Written in
<
persName ref
="#WO">Wilfred Owen's</
persName
> hand.
</
handNote
>
</
handDesc
>
</
physDesc
>
Encoding a manuscript's
<
history
>
<
history
> groups elements describing the full history of a manuscript or manuscript part.
<
origin
>: where it all began
<
provenance
>: everything in between
<
acquisition
>: how you acquired it
Although <
origin
> is a member of att.datable, it also has special purpose elements <
origDate
> and <
origPlace
> to record the manuscript's origin date and place.
<
history
>
Encoding
<
history
>
<
origin
>
<
p
>Written in <
origPlace ref
="places.xml#england">England</
origPlace
>
in the <
origDate notAfter
="1299"
notBefore
="1200">
13th Cent.</
origDate
>
</
p
>
</
origin
>
<
provenance
>
<
p
>On fol. 54v very faint is <
q
>Iste liber est fratris guillelmi de buria de
<
gap reason
="illegible"/> Roberti ordinis fratrum Pred<
ex
>icatorum</
ex
>
</
q
>, 14th cent. (?): <
q
>hanauilla</
q
> is written at the foot of the page
(15th cent.).</
p
>
</
provenance
>
<
acquisition
>
<
p
>Bought from the Rev. <
name type
="person">W. D. Macray</
name
>
on <
date when
="1863-03-17">March 17, 1863</
date
>, for 1 pound 10s.
</
p
>
</
acquisition
>
</
history
>
Additional Metadata
<
additional
> groups additional information, combining bibliographic information about a manuscript, or surrogate copies of it with curatorial or administrative information.
<
adminInfo
> administrative information
<
surrogates
> information about other surrogates (e.g. photographs, microfilms, digital images) etc.
<
listBibl
> bibliography of works concerning the manuscript
<
additional
>
example
<
additional
>
<
adminInfo
>
<
custodialHist
>
<
custEvent type
="conservation"
notBefore
="1961-03"

notAfter
="1963-02">
<
p
>Conserved between March 1961 and February 1963
at Birgitte Dalls Konserveringsværksted.</
p
>
</
custEvent
>
<
custEvent type
="photography"

notBefore
="1988-05-01"
notAfter
="1988-05-30">
<
p
>Photographed in May 1988 by AMI/FA.</
p
>
</
custEvent
>
</
custodialHist
>
</
adminInfo
>
</
additional
>
What about
<
msPart
>
?
An <
msDesc
> can contain <
msPart
>, essentially a nested <
msDesc
>, where originally distinct manuscripts or parts of a manuscripts have been brought together to form a composite
manuscript.
<
msDesc
>
<
msIdentifier
>
<
settlement
>Amiens</
settlement
>
<
repository
>Bibliothèque Municipale</
repository
>
<
idno
>MS 3</
idno
>
<
msName
>Maurdramnus Bible</
msName
>
</
msIdentifier
>

<!-- other elements here -->
<
msPart
>
<
altIdentifier
>
<
idno
>MS 6</
idno
>
</
altIdentifier
>

<!-- other information specific to this part here -->
<
/msPart
>

<!-- other msParts here -->
</
msDesc
>
http://tinyurl.com/jc-msDesc-DiXiT
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