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Civilization as a Source of Unhappiness: Freud
Transcript of Civilization as a Source of Unhappiness: Freud
to change balance 2. Adjusts and Regulates Human Relations: Establishes conventions for interactions. 3. Improves "Quality of Life" through: Beauty, Cleanliness, and Order Bottom Line When humans enter into the bonds of Civilization, they sacrifice part of their happiness for the greater good. We trade immediate gratification for long term stability. We feel limited by civilization, that our drives and instincts are inhibited, but we sacrifice these for the predictability of society. 1. The Power of the individual is sacrificed " The power of this community is then set up as 'right' in opposition to the power of the individual, which is condemned as 'brute force'." Protection against these strong individual's brute force is provided for those within the community. The individuals with the most power make the greatest concessions for membership as they are marginalized. Freud, 2005 Freud stipulates that nobody within a society is free from the restrictions of civilization.
The realization that civilization limits, rather than endorses and protects our freedoms, can be the cause of dissatisfaction and discontent. "Civilization is built upon a renunciation of instinct, [it] presupposes precisely the non-satisfaction of powerful instincts." "Taboos, laws, and Customs impose ... restrictions, which affect both men and women." Examples of these within society include the insistence upon heterosexuality, monogamy, fidelity and gender based sexual expression norms. According to Freud, the freedoms of sexuality are renounced in the name of the greater good, with the reason for these restrictions focusing on the need for "psychical energy" needed for the economic development of society as a whole. "Not all civilizations go equally far in this, and the economic structure of the society also influences the amount of sexual freedom that remains." "Cultural frustration" is the dissatisfaction with society resulting from the suppression of powerful instincts.