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Jim Crow Laws
Transcript of Jim Crow Laws
Laws that required the separation of whites and "persons of colour" that began in the 1870's and applied to almost every public place.
Goal was to promote a "separate but equal" status for African Americans, but in fact they led to severe educational, economic and social disadvantages for African Americans.
They reduced the number of African American voters in the south and therefore reduce their power despite their freedom and despite the fact they were in the majority.
All states had some form of Jim Crow laws but they were primarily focused in the deep south.
More than 400 laws between 1865 and 1967 legalizing segregation Who was Jim Crow? Creation of the Jim Crow Laws The name Jim Crow was derived from a character in a popular minstrel song. The name and image of Jim Crow was often used to mock African Americans. Created after the Reconstruction Period of 1865-1877 to help the government to control newly freed slaves.
Southern State Legislative created a system to separate the races.
In 1896 courts ruled racial segregation was legally acceptable. Jim Crow Etiquette On top of laws, there were also social rules known as "Jim Crow Etiquette". Jim Crow etiquette was a set way in which African Americans must act while interacting with Whites. Disobeying these social rules was not punishable by law, but did often have negative consequences for African Americans.
Some examples are:
Black men did not extend hands to white men
Black men did not look any white man and especially white woman in the eye
Whites did not use courtesy terms when referring to blacks
Blacks were not allowed to show public displays of affection African Americans, Cotton Picking During the time of active Jim Crow laws, many African Americans were abused and bullied into obeying the absurd set of laws. Most Jim Crow laws were punishable by public beatings or lynchings.
Even if African Americans were following all set laws in public , they had to fear hate mobs and mocking. Many white men in law enforcement believed that violence was the only way for African Americans to know there place. * School were separated between the whites and and African Americans.
* School uniforms were different between the two races
*School uniforms shall not be interchangeable.
*Teachers who taught more than one race received fines. Effects of Jim Crow Laws on the School System by :Taylor and Kaily Examples of Jim Crow Laws No marriage between whites and "persons of colour".
No white female nurses could care for persons of colour.
In train stations, bus stations etc. separate waiting rooms were required for whites and "persons of colour".
There must be a separate cart on trains for whites and "persons of colour".
Whites and coloured people must not be served in the same room of a restaurant.
"Persons of colour" must sit at the back of the bus and give up their seat to white person if needed.
No coloured barber shall serve as a barber to white girls or woman.
Cemeteries must have separate burial areas for whites and persons of color. Disobeying Jim Crow Despite the last Jim Crow law having been abolished many decades ago, Americans still feel their effects. Many African Americans still suffer from the effects of discrimination and racism today. The social, economic and emotional legacy of the Jim Crow Laws are still witnessed today. If you were to travel to some areas of the South, they still feel almost as segregated as ever. While it is legal for both blacks and white to go to the same schools, get the same jobs, and live in the same neighborhoods, schools, work environments and neighborhoods often are still largely segregated. African Americans have yet to attain educational, social or economic equality in the United States. Legacy Huge protests, boycotts and demonstrations and the increasing awareness of Civil Rights led to the demise of the Jim Crow Laws
In 1954 the supreme court ruled that separate facilities by race were unconstitutional.
In the 1960`s many human right activists began to question Jim Crow laws
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, The Voting Rights Act of 1965 and The Fair Housing act of 1968 ended legal sanctions of Jim Crow laws. The End of Jim Crow THE
END Jim Crow Laws