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copperhead snake samike

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school student

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of copperhead snake samike

The Copperhead is the most common venomous snake found in the eastern US and can be found throughout South Carolina. It is also known by the name "Highland Moccasin." Copperheads are usually colourful and strikingly patterned snakes. They derive their name from the copper-like colouring of the head. There are 2 subspecies of Copperheads occurring in South Carolina. Both subspecies appear very similar, although the Southern is usually lighter coloured. The most widespread is the Southern Copperhead which ranges from the coast to the upper Piedmont. The Northern Copperhead is found in the Mountains and upper Piedmont. The background colour of the back and sides is tan to pinkish. There are darker, chestnut collared bands across the back and sides. Each band is of varying width, often described as hour-glass shaped. Newborn Copperheads are colored and patterned like adults, excepting the last inch of so of the tail which will be a bright, sulfur yellow colour. It is probable that most of the specimens from the Piedmont are intergrades although my experience has been that most appear more like Southern. Copperheads can be found in most all habitats, although they often prefer to be near streams and other waterways. They may be found on hilltops or lowlands. It is not unusual for Copperheads to be found in forested or undeveloped areas within and near suburban developments. The Copperhead is one of the most successful of our larger snake species. It is usually not difficult to find a Copperhead crossing a road on a warm summer night. Because of their habit of freezing at the approach of danger, many are killed by vehicle traffic. When danger is perceived, Copperheads will usually freeze in place and remain motionless for the threat to pass. This strategy works well in their natural habitat. Unless a person steps on them, grasps them, or otherwise comes very, very close to them, Copperheads will not usually bite. However, the bite will be readily used as a last defence. An agitated Copperhead will vibrate its tail rapidly. The relative abundance of Copperheads and their occurrences near human habitation.
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