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Paradise Lost!

Here is a quick summary of the epic poem "Paradise Lost", written by John Milton. This presentation is also connected to Mary Shelley's novel "Frankenstein" and explores possibilities as to why she referenced this poem in her novel.
by

Zaahidah Ali

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of Paradise Lost!

Satan arrives at Earth and possesses a serpent
Eve convinces Adam that they should part ways to accomplish their daily labours.
Satan confronts Eve when she is alone
Satan tempts Eve into eating the FORBIDDEN fruit that will give her knowledge of GOOD and EVIL
Eve brings part of the fruit she ate to Adam
Adam consumes the FORBIDDEN fruit aswell.
The fruit begins to take its effect.
In this presentation we will be exploring the ideas of one of the finest poems of English Literature "Paradise Lost", written by the profound English poet John Milton.

We will also be analyzing why Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein, referenced the poem in her novel, and what connections it may have with the characters in the story.
Milton's "Paradise Lost"
Main Characters:
In the poem there are 5 main characters that the narration is revolved around:
Book 1
The author introduces an array of topics that tell the Biblical tale of the creation man, temptation of Adam and Eve, and therefore their expulsion from the Garden of Eden, which thus led to Paradise Lost.
The poem exhibits focus along with perspective on the character of Satan, and his desire to outdo God and lead mankind to following his footsteps.
About the Poem
This poem is most often described as "epic" which refers to poetry that deals with traditional subject matter or serious content.
Originally there were 10 books when the poem was first published in 1667. This then became 12 books when Milton revisted the poem and made a few minor adjustments in 1674.
The poem is written in Blank Verse, using third person point of view.
It took John Milton approximately 11 years to complete "Paradise Lost".
Satan
God the Father
God the Son
Adam
Eve
Other characters include the Devils inhibiting hell and the Angels of Heaven
Paradise Lost - John Milton
Book 2
Satan and his followers build a palace in hell called “Pandemonium” .
Council debates upon the idea of whether or not they should battle for the reclamation of heaven.
Moloc, the strongest and fiercest spirit stands in favour of an open battle.
Belial the devil known in the bible as the “epitome of wealth”, and Mammon the principle devil, recommend keeping peace in order to avoid any further torments and punishments.
Book 3
A narrative shift from hell to heaven.
The perspective shifts from Satan to God.
God understands the consequences that will occur due to Satan.
Sees that man will fall and go astray from the path of the truth because of his own fault and God’s decision of free will.
His son questions how mercy will be given without the destruction of justice.
God answers that someone worthy must offer to die for man’s sins.
The son immediately volunteers knowing God will then be able to yield death and conquer hell.
God is overjoyed yet sorrow at this decision but understands it is for the better.
A Frankenstein Context Research Project
Quick Summary
Book 4
On his journey, he is tormented by doubts, fear, passion and despair, but eventually proceeds towards the garden of Eden. He is amazed by the beauty around him, but his emotions instantly shift to envy when he locates Adam and Eve in their joyful state. He overhears them discuss God’s commandment which states the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil is forbidden, under penalty of death. Satan determines he will use this knowledge as temptation, by persuading them to sin. Suspicious, Uriel comes to alert Gabriel and his angels who are guarding the gate of Paradise. Later that day, two guardian angels notice Satan whispering in Eve’s ear as she sleeps beside her husband. The angels capture and bring him to Gabriel, who banishes Satan from Eden.
Book 5
The next morning, Eve reveals an alarming dream of temptation to Adam. He consoles her and they set about their daily tasks.
Angel Raphael, sent by God, visits paradise to warn the couple of their enemy.
As the angel dines with them, Raphael discloses the history of Satan’s fall, at Adam’s request.
He includes how jealousy against the Son of God led to a revolt in heaven. Satan was able to incite all but one angel, Abdiel, who resisted and remained faithful to God.

Book 6
Raphael continues his narrative describing how Michael and Gabriel went sent to lead their faithful angels into a battle against Satan (previously known as Lucifer) and his army.
After the first fight, Satan and his forces temporarily retreated from the conflict. In this period of time, they invented weapons resembling cannons.
The following day, Michael and his angels become furious when they encountered these devilish devices, and decided to pull up mountains and hurl them at Satan and his army.
On the third day of battle, God sends his Son, Messiah, to cease the war.
Alone, Messiah enters the scene in his flaming chariot, driving Satan and his rebellion to the verge of heaven, and forcing them to leap down through the chaos into hell. Messiah triumphantly returns to his Father.

Book 7
Raphael explains to Adam how the Earth was created
Raphael reveals of all the major events that led up to the creation of Earth.
He also talks to Adam about how the world was created in six days, the angels’ celebration, and the re-ascension into Heaven.

Book 8
Raphael finishes explaining all of the major events that have taken place before the creation of the Earth
Adam relates to Raphael all that he can remember since his creation.

Book 9
Book 10
God knew how the serpent would tempt Eve, and how she would get to Adam.
News reaches heaven on how Satan got past them and infiltrated the garden.
After Adam and Eve eat the forbidden fruit they are judged by The Son of God who both defends and persecutes them.
Satan returns to hell and boasts on his success in the fall of man.
God foretells the victory over Satan.

Book 11
God sends Michael to expel the sinning couple from the garden.
Michael sets Adam in a high hill to fill him in on future events that will happen because of his sin, until the great flood.
Why is this an appropriate text for Frankenstein's creature to know?
This text is appropriate for the creature to know because, the creature is able to relate his life story to the events that are taking place within this text. Both the creature and Adam are placed in similar situations although there are some variations.
Parallels & connections between the novel and poem
Along the story of the creature, he talks about his encounter with a satchel full of books; one of which was Paradise Lost.
As the creature discusses how he was created differently than the other species, he compares himself with Adam, and Victor, his creator with God.
Thus like Adam, the monster asked Victor as well, if he would make him a companion, but Victor refused.
They are both the first created in the new species.
They are both lonely due to the fact that they have no partner.
They are both forsaken by their creator.
Both desire love and acceptance.
Book 12
Zaahidah Ali, Manroop Randhawa, Thomas Runcer & Cesar Bringaz
English 10IB

Michael continues to talk about the prophecy and explains who the seed of the woman will be, and also who will redeem mankind.
Adam resolves to faithfulness and obedience.
Adam and Eve are sent away from paradise, and a flaming sword is placed to block the bars of paradise behind them.
John Milton
1608-1674
Considered to be foremost in non-dramatic poetry of his period.
Excelled in his Academic career.
Converted from Catholicism to Protestant.
Politically Active
He became blind in 1652
He moved to his father's home country and wrote 2 major pieces - a masque and a short poem -.
He wrote Paradise Lost in his final years before retirement.
It took Milton approximately 11 years to complete the writing of "Paradise Lost"

Thank you for watching!
Questions?
Bibliography
I. "Paradise Lost: The Summary Paraphrased." . New Arts Library, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.paradiselost.org/5-sum-simp.html>.
II. "Paradise Lost - John Milton." Spark Notes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/section1.rhtml>.
III. "Summary: Lines 27–722: Satan and Hell." Spark Notes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/section2.rhtml>.
IV. "Summary:Book 2." Spark Notes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/section3.rhtml>.
V. "Summary:Book 3." Spark Notes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/section4.rhtml>.
VI. LearnAlberta.ca - Literary Reference Center.
VII. "Paradise Lost John Milton - Context." Spark Notes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 1 Mar 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/context.html>.
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