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Magic Mushrooms

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Bobbert Bobberson

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Magic Mushrooms

In the ages of the
Mesolithic
era, rock paintings relate the use of psilocybin mushrooms with
shamanism
(being in an altered state of consiousness, to interact with the spiritual world)
Aztecs and Mazatecs
consider psilocybin mushrooms as genius, divine, and wondrous mushrooms.
The
Aztecs
used psilocybin mushrooms to "communicate with the gods", as these mushrooms caused hallucinations and produced visions.
The earliest mention of magic mushrooms in medical literature was in
1799
,
when a father picked psilocybin mushrooms for his family’s breakfast.


People can use these mushrooms for treating maladies such as mental conditions.

Magic mushrooms have also been reported to have a very beneficial effect on
patients with OCD or severe depression.
Short Term Effects
Other Historical/Beneficial Uses
Mushrooms that have effect!
Psilocybin Mushrooms
By Wendy and Vic
Long Term Effects

Psilocybin mushrooms cause the user to have a
trip
.



Sudden, uncontrollable laughter
Causes the
alteration of feelings
, as well as the distorted perception of senses, such as
touch, sight, sound and taste.


Bibliography
"How Magic Mushrooms Work." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.

"Magic Mushrooms Net - All about Psilocybe Magic Mushrooms ( Shrooms )." Magic Mushrooms Net - All about Psilocybe Magic Mushrooms ( Shrooms ). N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.

"Magic Mushrooms (psilocybin)." Government of Canada, Health Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.

"Neuroscience for Kids - Hallucinogenic Mushrooms." Neuroscience for Kids - Hallucinogenic Mushrooms. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.

"Psilocybin Mushroom." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Dec. 2013. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.

"Psilocybin/Psilocyn | CESAR." Psilocybin/Psilocyn | CESAR. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.

"Institutional Links." Healthy Settings for Young People in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.

"What Is Serotonin? What Does Serotonin Do?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 04 Aug. 2011. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.

"DRUG FACTS." Drug Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

"PSILOCYBIN." PSILOCYBIN. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.

Freeman, Shanna. "How Magic Mushrooms Work." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks.com, 25 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
Use in Canada
Trips can be a bad trip, or a good trip.
Bad trips are caused by a negative environment, or a bad attitude. Trips last from 5-6 hours.
Flashbacks of the trip
Reoccurrences of hallucinations
Anxiety
Can cause Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD)
HPPD is characterized by the continuous appearances of sensory disturbances.
They are most commonly visual disturbances, and are usually similar to those generated from the use of hallucinogens.
Psilocybin mushrooms' growth and spores are legal.
Possession of psilocybin and psilocin is illegal without a proper prescription/license.


Psilocybin mushrooms were first used by the native North Americans.
About 10% of Alberta students under the age of 18 have used psilocybin mushrooms at least once in their lifetime.
A 1997 survey of secondary school students in Montreal found that 10% of them had taken magic mushrooms at some time in their lives.
Also known as "Magic Mushrooms".
Psilocybin mushrooms are not only
hallucinogens,
but are also
psychotropic
drugs.



Psilocybin mushrooms are
mushrooms
that contain the drugs
psilocybin and psilocin.
These mushrooms are eaten, either alone, or with some other variables, such as peanut butter, to reduce the flavoring
His son was then attacked with fits of laughter and nothing worked to restrain him.

Chronic cluster headaches
They have been said to fix these disorders for months at a time.
Psilocybin has been shown to switch off part of the brain, called the anterior cingulate cortex, which is overactive in people suffering from depression.
Psilocybin also influences another part of the brain, called the default mode network.
Psilocybin mushrooms are under the schedule III controlled drugs and substances act.
These effects occur around 30 minutes to an hour after the mushrooms are taken.
That means that the Psilocybin mushrooms are psychiatric medicines, and can alter
chemical levels
in the brain, which affect and impact mood and behaviour.
How Psilocybin Mushrooms Affect the Body
Psilocybin mushrooms are
psychotropic
drugs.
They act on the
central nervous system.









The effects of these mushrooms come from the
psilocybin
that the mushrooms contain.
Only certain types of mushrooms contain psilocybin.

Addiction to psilocybin mushrooms is not common, although the tolerance for psilocybin mushrooms can build with regular use.


Psilocybin disturbs the normal interaction of nerve cells and serotonin*, a neurotransmitter*, in the brain.
In the brain, psilocybin sticks to serotonin receptors on brain cells, decreasing the activity of the neurons.
Because they change how serotonin functions in the brain, psilocybin mushrooms distort the processing of information in your brain and make you hallucinate.
*Neurotransmitter: Chemical substances that transmit nerve impulses across synapses, or the spaces between nerve cells.

*Serotonin - A neurotransmitter that is involved with functions, such as sleep, memory, mood, temperature, behaviour, cardiovascular function, and depression.
Can be found in over 190 mushroom types
Exaggerated reflexes
Nausea, vomitting, and diarrhea
Nervousness, and paranoia.
Confusion, disorientation, agitation
Loss of coordination and urinary control
Convulsions
Increased blood pressure and heart rate
Muscle weakness and twitching.
Sweating and high blood pressure, followed by chills and shivering
In 2006
Psilocybe Cubensis.
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