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tom crowle

on 24 August 2010

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Transcript of Radicalization

Why did the revolution become
more radical between 1791-1793? Civil Constitution of the Clergy (12 July 1790)
and Clerical Oath (27 Nov 1790) Flight to Varennes
(20 June 1791) Champs de Mars Massacre
(16 July 1791)
War Declaration of Pillnitz (27 August 1791)

"...the Emperor and the King of Prussia, are
resolved to act promptly, in mutual accord,
with the forces necessary to attain the proposed
common objective.

In the meantime, they will give their troops
such orders as are necessary to have them ready
for active service"
Emperor Leopold Fredrick William of Austria Constitution 1791
Active v Passive citizens Vitriolic political deabte and formation of political clubs Brissot Declaration of War
against Prussia and Austria
(20 April 1792 ) Royal family in danger Storming of the Tuileries 20 June 1792 10 August 1792 'La Patrie en Danger' 11 July 1792 September Massacres Fall of Verdun
2 Sept 1792 Republicanism
"radicals" Cordeliers Jacobins Girondins Enragés Feuillants 'The plain' Constitutional monarchists
"conservatives" Federalism Centralisation Paris Perception of the Sans coulottes 300,000 joined the French army Provinces
Bordeaux Marseille Lyon Nantes Grenoble Paris Bordeaux Marseille Lyon Nantes Grenoble Failure to meet ideals In France In Britain enemy within
refractory priests
innocent until proven guilty? Brunswick Manifesto 25 July 1792
"...if the Tuileries is entered or attacked, if the least violence,
the least outrage be done to Their Majesties, the King, the Queen
and the Royal Family, if their security, preservation, and liberty
be not provided for immediately, they will extract an exemplary
and ever-memorable vengence thereon by delivering the city of Paris military punishment and total destruction, and the rebels who are guilty of outrages, to the punishments they deserve." Trial of the King Clerical Oath Biens nationaux Fédérés troops 500 Swiss Guard murdered
Power in the hands of the Paris Commune
not the Legislative Assembly
France declared a republic
National Convention becomes new govt
King imprisoned and awaiting his trial
Lafayette flees to Austria
Norman Hampson
"for the Parisian nobility it was the 10 August 1792,
rather than the 14 July 1789, that marked the end
of the ancien regime." Values become
more extreme
Full transcript