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ROMAN CIVILIZATION

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Marina Piñol

on 11 January 2017

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Transcript of ROMAN CIVILIZATION

It all begins in one city...
The story of Pompeii
TARRACO, a roman city
The Roman lifestyle
ROMAN CIVILIZATION
THE ANCIENT ROMANS WERE REMARKABLE PEOPLE !!!
Territorial expansion of Rome
753 B.C.-
Monarchy
-
509 B.C.-
Republic
- 27 B.C.
Empire
-476 A.D.
However, the Romans were not just soldiers and conquerors. More than 2,000 years after the Roman Empire ended its influence continues in almost every area of our lives, including the letters of Alphabet, the words of our language, the laws that rule us, and the engineering and construction of our buildings.
Unfortunately, much of the ancient way of life has disappeared. Yet many clues have been left behind, giving us valuable information about the Roman way of life.

From a small city on seven hills, over time the Romans built the mightiest empire of the ancient world. Roman armies conquered
Italy, defeated the Greeks,
and then took control of
North Africa, Spain, the Middle East, and parts of Britain
.
ABC
amorous
amare (to love)
WHEN DID ROME BEGIN?
The Romans had a story about how their city began.

According to legend, Rome was founded by twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, who were the sons of the god Mars.
As babies, the boys were left to drown in the River Tiber by their evil uncle, but they were rescued by a wolf. When the boys were older, they took revenge on their uncle and killed him.
Afterwards, the twins decided to start a new city, but they squabbled about where to build it. Romulus wanted to build it on the Palatine Hill and Remus preferred the Aventine Hill.
To find out who was right, they looked for a sign from the gods. However, they couldn't agree on that either and both thought the gods were favouring them.
One day, the twins got in a fight after Remus made fun of Romulus. Remus was killed and Romulus named the new city 'Roma' after himself!

WHO RULED ROME?
In the early days, Rome was ruled by
kings
. Romulus was supposedly the first king. The last king was Tarquin the Proud, when the people of Rome drove him out.
Rome then became a
Republic
.
The Republic didn’t allow one person to have complete control of the city. Instead, a group of men called senators shared power. However,
women and slaves
were not allowed to vote and neither were poor people. These Roman people who were not slaves were called 'citizens'.
As the Roman republic grew more powerful, so did its army. The senators could not always control the army and sometimes they clashed with the generals.
In 49BC, Rome’s greatest general was
Julius Caesar
.
He had complete control of the army, but he wanted to rule Rome like a king again. Some senators didn’t like this and they killed him in 44BC.
But it was too late, Julius Caesar had changed Rome. A few years later, his adopted son
Octavius
took power and became the first
Emperor of Rome
.

The most powerful people in the senate were the consuls. Every year, the citizens of the Roman
Republic voted for who they wanted to be consul.
WHO WERE THE ROMAN EMPERORS?
DID ALL PEOPLE HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS?
WHICH WERE THEIR JOBS?
HOW were the romans clothes?
PATRICIAN
SENATORS
PLEBEIANS
FREEDMAN
SOLDIERS
SLAVES
E.g. job: craftsmen, traders
Free from slavers
Had little rights
Could own small shops and farms
Lower class or ordinary citizens
Had to pay taxes
E.g. job: shop owner
Cannot lead in Goverment
Wealthy landowners
Leading class
Made laws
No rights
Many jobs: farming, building roads
Could pay to get out of slavery (many years)
Houses were pretty different!!
EMPEROR
Leader of the Empire
All rights
What have you learnt about the story?
Tarraco Viva, our roman festivity
Opinions
What are you shocked about?
At the beginning of the 5th century, the Roman Empire was starting to fall apart.
It was constantly under attack from tribes from northern Europe. The Romans called these people 'barbarians' because they thought they were uncivilised. In AD410, a tribe called the Visigoths stormed into the city of Rome. They destroyed many of the great buildings and killed people as they went.
HOW DID THE EMPIRE END?
HOW ABOUT THEIR SPARE TIME?
Gladiatorial games
were a big attraction. Over 50,000 people would pack into the giant Colosseum stadium in Rome. They’d watch huntsmen take on wild animals, executions and gladiators fight to the death.
Most gladiators were slaves, criminals or captured soldiers. If a gladiator was very successful he could win his freedom.
There were lots of types of gladiators. Some fought with a sword and shield, while others used a net and trident.
When a gladiator was beaten,
the audience would signal if they wanted him to be saved or killed.
The emperor would then decide whether the gladiator should live or die.

The Romans loved a day at the races.
It was so popular, Rome’s race track, called the Circus Maximus, could hold a crowd of 250,000 (that’s almost three times the size of Wembley stadium!)
Riders charged around seven laps of the stadium in chariots either pulled by two horses or four horses.
There were four teams of chariot racers in Rome - blues, greens, reds and whites. People supported them like we follow football teams.


Romans enjoyed the
theatre.
Most plays were funny comedies, though there were serious tragedies as well.
Actors often wore masks to show whether their character was happy or sad. They also wore
wigs
to help the audience identify who they were playing - an old man wore a white wig, while a slave wore a red wig.
Some Roman actors 'over-acted' and would wave their arms and shout loudly. They had to attract the audience's attention because plays often went on
for hours.
gladiators
CHARIOT RACING
THEATRE
HOW ABOUT WOMEN? WHERE ARE THEY?
domus
insulae
Architecture of a Roman city
AMPHITHEATRE
It was a place where romans went to watch fights between gladiators and wild animals. The largest in the world is called and is located in Rome.
CIRCUS
It was a huge stadium where romans went to watch chariot races and horse races. The largest in the world is called and is located in Rome
AQUEDUCT
They were used to carry water to the Roman cities. They had one or more row of arches. The water flowed downhill towards the cities.
FORUM
It was a big open area, ringed by Roman banks, temples, baths, and businesses. It also had another purpose that we might find unusual: anyone who felt like it could stand and talk to the crowd and express their views on any subject would go to this place. This activity was called Orating.
BATHS
Building used for socializing, bathing, quietly reflecting, and even gossiping. Most would have at least three rooms, one each for hot baths, warm baths, and cold baths. In the middle of the entire complex stood an open yard, known as the atrium.
Special building where romans worshipped the gods. Inside there was a big statue of the god. People went there to make sacrifices or offerings of food, flowers or money.
TEMPLE
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