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The Direct Method
Transcript of The Direct Method
Pros & Cons
Thanks For Your Attention!
This method was used in teaching foreign languages from the 1900s on.
It avoids using the learners' native language and uses only the target language.
Only the use of target language is allowed.
First vocabulary is taught; then grammar, reading and writing.
BASIC VOCABULARY FIRST
Grammar is taught inductively (like in L1).
NO GIVEN RULES: MAKE THEM FIGURE THEM OUT
The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate.
NEVER TRANSLATE, DEMONSTRATE
Vocabulary is taught through demonstration, objects and pictures.
AUTHENTIC OBJECTS, REALIA, MIMING
The syllabus is based on situations or topics, not linguistic structures.
Correct pronunciation is emphasized.
Correct grammar is emphasized with questions.
LEARNING BY SELF-CORRECTION
Oral communication skills are built around question-and-answer exchanges.
Student should be speaking approximately 80% of the time during the lesson.
Students are encouraged to think in the target language.
Follows the natural order in which a child learns the native language.
Lays emphasis on speaking.
Avoids the unnatural block of translation.
Learners learn the language, NOT about the language.
Entertaining classroom procedures motivate the learner.
Emphasis on speech makes it attractive.
Teaching of vocabulary through realia brings authenticity into the classroom.
Learning a second language is NOT the same as learning a native language.
Learners run the risk of inducing incorrect rules.
Effectively used only by teachers who are native speakers.
A lot of teacher-energy is required.
Shortage on writing and reading skills
Problems when applying it in large classrooms
The Direct Method was established in Germany and France around the
and became widely known in the United States through its use by Sauveur and Maximilian Berlitz.
YOU ARE STUDENTS NOW
Take the map
Teacher's and Students' Role
The teacher’s role is to direct class activities. In this method, students and teacher are partners in the learning process and there is a large amount of interaction.
The Direct Method
Strategies and techniques
The Direct Method was a reaction against the Grammar-Translation Method, as it encouraged students to think in the target language.
The Grammar-Translation Method teaches students grammar and vocabulary through direct translations, therefore focusing on the written language.
The Audio-Lingual Method was developed from the theory of
to improve the weaknesses of the Reading Method.
The DIRECT METHOD
is also known as...
The Natural Method
was an attempt to set up conditions that imitate the way children learn their native language:
Teacher provides the knowledge in grammar through speaking inductively
Focus on grammar rules and their application.
Learning through everyday practice
Direct translation of L1. Students learn vocabulary when they are translated
Asks to constantly and encourages participation correcting their mistakes
Limit their work to translate for students
Their oral communication skills are emphasized, need to speak a lot
Accuracy is expected and they practise by translation
Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully grade
Primary skills to be improved: reading and writing
- Language is learnt through
- Use of
No grammar rules
- Importance of sounds, simple sentences and
Follow the instructions given by the teacher
Late 18th/19th c.
Beginning 20th c.
British Council BBC
. 2014. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/ (accessed 20th January 2014)
Blog about ESL.
2013. http://blog.about-esl.com/ (accessed 20th January 2014)
ESL Job Project.
2006. http://www.esljobproject.com/(accessed 20th January 2014)
2002. Introduction to Appiled Linguistics. 2nd edition (2010). Routledge: London.
The Reading Method was developed as an attempt to improve the weaknesses of the Direct Method, focusing on reading and vocabulary.
World War II
Maite Ruiz de Erenchun