Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Direct Method

No description
by

Maite Ruiz de Erenchun

on 22 January 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Direct Method

ENGLAND
Background
Grammar-Translation
Method
Direct
Method
Pros & Cons
0
+
-
=
9
8
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
c
Thanks For Your Attention!
INTRODUCTION
This method was used in teaching foreign languages from the 1900s on.

It avoids using the learners' native language and uses only the target language.
Principles
Only the use of target language is allowed.
TARGET LANGUAGE!

First vocabulary is taught; then grammar, reading and writing.
BASIC VOCABULARY FIRST

Grammar is taught inductively (like in L1).
NO GIVEN RULES: MAKE THEM FIGURE THEM OUT

The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate.
NEVER TRANSLATE, DEMONSTRATE

Vocabulary is taught through demonstration, objects and pictures.
AUTHENTIC OBJECTS, REALIA, MIMING

The syllabus is based on situations or topics, not linguistic structures.
CONTEXTUAL/TOPICAL TEACHING

Correct pronunciation is emphasized.
CORRECTNESS

Correct grammar is emphasized with questions.
LEARNING BY SELF-CORRECTION

Oral communication skills are built around question-and-answer exchanges.
ORAL TRANSMISSION

Student should be speaking approximately 80% of the time during the lesson.
COMMUNICATION-FIRST PREFERENCE

Students are encouraged to think in the target language.
ENGLISH THINKING!

Advantages
Follows the natural order in which a child learns the native language.
Lays emphasis on speaking.
Avoids the unnatural block of translation.
Learners learn the language, NOT about the language.
Entertaining classroom procedures motivate the learner.
Emphasis on speech makes it attractive.
Teaching of vocabulary through realia brings authenticity into the classroom.
Disadvantages
Learning a second language is NOT the same as learning a native language.
Learners run the risk of inducing incorrect rules.
Effectively used only by teachers who are native speakers.
A lot of teacher-energy is required.
Shortage on writing and reading skills
Problems when applying it in large classrooms
The Direct Method was established in Germany and France around the
19th century
and became widely known in the United States through its use by Sauveur and Maximilian Berlitz.
Activities
1)
YOU ARE STUDENTS NOW

Take the map
Teacher's and Students' Role
The teacher’s role is to direct class activities. In this method, students and teacher are partners in the learning process and there is a large amount of interaction.
The Direct Method
Strategies and techniques
The Direct Method was a reaction against the Grammar-Translation Method, as it encouraged students to think in the target language.
The Grammar-Translation Method teaches students grammar and vocabulary through direct translations, therefore focusing on the written language.
Question-answer exercises
Dictation
Reading Aloud
Student self-Correction
Conversation Practice
Fill-in-the-blank exercise
Map Drawing
The Audio-Lingual Method was developed from the theory of
behaviourism
,
to improve the weaknesses of the Reading Method.
Audio-Lingual
(Army) Method
The DIRECT METHOD
is also known as...
The Reform
Method
The Natural Method
The Anti-
grammatical
Method
The Berlitz
Method
The
Natural Method
was an attempt to set up conditions that imitate the way children learn their native language:
Change from...
Direct
Method
Grammar
Translation
Method
Grammar
Vocabulary
Teacher's
attitude
Student's
attitude
Language
skills
Teacher provides the knowledge in grammar through speaking inductively
Focus on grammar rules and their application.
Learning through everyday practice
Direct translation of L1. Students learn vocabulary when they are translated
Asks to constantly and encourages participation correcting their mistakes
Facilitator.
Limit their work to translate for students
Their oral communication skills are emphasized, need to speak a lot
Accuracy is expected and they practise by translation
Oral communication skills are built up in a carefully grade
Primary skills to be improved: reading and writing
Previously called...
Direct
Method
Grammar
Translation
Method
Theoretical Assumptions
- Language is learnt through
demonstration

- Use of
natural language


-
No grammar rules
(inductively learnt)

-

L2
learning
= L1
learning

- Importance of sounds, simple sentences and
direct association
.
Demonstrator/facilitator
Active learner
Follow the instructions given by the teacher
Late 18th/19th c.
Beginning 20th c.
Some after...
Listening
first
Then
Speaking

Only after,
Reading

and
Writing

British Council BBC
. 2014. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/ (accessed 20th January 2014)

Blog about ESL.
2013. http://blog.about-esl.com/ (accessed 20th January 2014)

ESL Job Project.
2006. http://www.esljobproject.com/(accessed 20th January 2014)

Schmitt, Norbert.
2002. Introduction to Appiled Linguistics. 2nd edition (2010). Routledge: London.
REFERENCES
The Reading Method was developed as an attempt to improve the weaknesses of the Direct Method, focusing on reading and vocabulary.
Reading Method
World War II
Chomsky's
'Universal
Grammar'
19
50
s...
(England)
GREAT BRITAIN
Pello Arellano
Maite Ruiz de Erenchun
Full transcript