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Judaism

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lesly campos

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Judaism

Information How was the religion originally practiced? What were some of the key beliefs that can be traced to original scripture and texts at the religion's inception? What are some key events that changed how the religion was practiced by the followers? Was there more than one turning point in Judaism? -The Jews performed many rituals to focus on God and his mitzvot(commandments). Some of the rituals include the Birth and Naming Ceremonies, the Pidyon-Ha-Ben ritual ("Redemption of the Son"), and the Bar and Bat Mitzvah rituals. Many of the rituals are centered around scripture. The Torah is used in many of the rituals.
-The Torah is the five books of Moses that are very important to the Jews. The Torah is the first five books of the Christian Bible.
-The Menorah is used in the celebration of Hanukah, which is celebrating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem following the victory over the Syrian Greeks.
-Yom Kippur is the holiest day in the Jewish Calender. The Jews that participate in Yom Kippur fast for 25 hours to reflect on the past year, and gain forgiveness from God for one's sins.
-The Lararium is a shrine to give offerings and rituals to household spirits. The Lares is the most significant household spirit that is depicted as a young man dancing. Judaism -The most accepted summary of Jewish beliefs is Rambam's 13 principles of faith.
-Judaism focuses on the relationship between the Creator, mankind, and the land of Israel.
-The 10 commandments can be traced to the Jewish faith. Yahweh(God) bestowed Moses the 10 commandments on Mount Sinai.
-Judaism doesn't focus much on abstract cosmological concepts. -The political side of the Jewish faith as expressed in the state of Israel can be characterized as tenuous. The stated goal of many of the surrounding nations is to eradicate Israel from the face of the earth. When Jews who support Israel's right to exist are not equal to those who support its destruction, it is anti-Semitic.
-Many people in the Middle East are hostile to those who practice the Jewish faith. For example, nearly three years ago, a leader of the Muslim Brotherhood delivered a speech urging Egyptians to “nurse our children and our grandchildren on hatred” for Jews and Zionists.
-There are about 13-14 million Jews in the world today. Jewish population growth is close to zero percent. The vast majority of these Jews live in either the United States and Israel, both with 5-6 million Jews. There are about 1.5 million Jews in Europe, 400,000 in Latin America and 350,000 in Canada. In Africa, there are less than 100,000 Jews, about 90% of whom live in the country of South Africa. There are about 100,000 Jews in Australia and New Zealand combined. There are about 50,000 Jews in Asia (not including Israel). ->>Developing over a period of five centuries (until 500 C.A.D.), rabbinic Judaism completed the process already underway, which saw the replacement of the Temple by the synagogue (the Second Temple was destroyed in A.D. 70), of the priest by the rabbi, and of the sacrificial ceremony by the prayer service and study. Basic to these changes was the redaction and codification of the Oral Law and the Midrash, which, as outgrowths of the biblical religion, centered on the relationships between God, his Torah, and his people, Israel. Emphasis was placed upon study of the Torah (in its broadest sense) as the most important religious act, leading to an understanding of the proper way of life; upon the growing need for national restoration in the face of continued Exile from the Promised Land; and upon the function of this world as preparatory for the World to Come (Olam ha-Bah), while not devaluing the importance of life in this world. By Lesly and Kinsley -Abraham, Issac, and Jacob founded the religion.
-Yahweh(God) gave the 10 Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai.
-Jews believed that God sent religious teachers and prophets to be his voice.
-The Jews believed that Jesus was a prophet, not the son of God. ->>The liberation of Israel out of bondage(slavery) to Egypt was the first major turning point.
->>The exile of the Judeans to Babylon in 586 BC was a major turning point for Israelite religion. The prophets Ezekiel and Deutero-Isaiah believed that Yahweh(God) had used the Babylonian Empire to punish the Israelites for their sins, and he therefore had the power to redeem them from captivity if they repented. This was the second major turning point.
->>The Maccabean revolt of 165 to 142 BC began as a civil war between Jewish Hellenizers and offended nativists; it ended as a successful war for Judean political independence from Syria.
->>The destruction of the second temple in 70 CE was a turning point.
->>The expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492 was a turning point. This action set off a period of intense Jewish migration. Destruction of Second temple How does the religion, Judaism, stand now? If the original founder of Judaism were to evaluate how the religion is practiced today, would they recognize it? -The person who originally founded Judaism is Moses.
-Moses would recognize the Orthodox expression of the faith. The Orthodox meaning of text is equal to the meaning that the traditional commentators(Moses) assigned to it. He would not recognize the reformed or conformed expression of the Jewish faith because it has changed so much from the original beliefs and practices. What are some key decisions made by the followers/leaders of the religion that may have changed the original intent and practices of the founder? ->> At the beginning of the Common Era, a new group arose among the Jews: the Zealots (in Hebrew, Ka-na-im). These anti-Roman rebels were active for more than six decades, and later instigated the Great Revolt. Their most basic belief was that all means were justified to attain political and religious liberty.
->> The Zealots represented a principle and a policy that the other groups did not share. The Sadducees lived a good life and sought power in high places. The Pharisees believed that it was God's will to live in the world in which God had placed them, to remain pure, and to meet the temptations, the dangers, and the trials
->> And the Essenes simply fled from the conflict and took refuge in their desert commune.
->> Zealots were out just to fight for the law and to assert all that it demanded. The Replacement of the Temple by the Synagogue Moses parting the Red Sea RESOURCES/BIBLIOGRAPHY http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/judaism?s=t
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/cycle.htm
http://www.jewfaq.org/beliefs.htm
http://www.ou.org/torah/rambam.htm
http://www.jewfaq.org/populatn.htm
http://www.simpletoremember.com/vitals/world-jewish-population.htm
http://www.thegreatcourses.com/tgc/courses/course_detail.aspx?cid=6457
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/judaism.htm
http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/pecorip/scccweb/etexts/PHIL_of_RELIGION_TEXT/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Jhttp://books.google.com/books?id=gy19vV_1VG8C&pg=PA155&lpg=PA155&dq=was+there+more+than+one+turning+point+for+judaism&source=bl&ots=a5y1Zyghjk&sig=Czq_RF75_gOfMOwsTudr1-u6jas&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QMczUYS6MojU9AT18YCwDA&ved=0CHgQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=was%20there%20more%20than%20one%20turning%20point%20for%20judaism&f=falseudaism.htm
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/judaism-after-destruction-second-temple.html
http://www.templemount.org/destruct2.html
http://bible.org/seriespage/zealots
http://www.jewfaq.org/movement.htm
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/revolt.html
http://www.adath-shalom.ca/OCR.htm
http://students.washington.edu/israeluw/info-anti.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/15/world/middleeast/egypts-leader-morsi-made-anti-jewish-slurs.html?_r=0
The Jewish Page in the Textbook.
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Orthodox%20Jew
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Conservative%20Jew
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Reform%20Jew
Definitions of groups of Jews mentioned Were there key changes as the religion spread from one place to another? ->>When the Jews moved to Germany, they were discriminated by the Germans, and eventually the Holocaust occurred.
->>"Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire."
->>The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.
->>Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence during World War II.
->>By 1945, the Germans and their collaborators killed nearly two out of every three European Jews as part of the "Final Solution," the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe.
->>Although Jews, whom the Nazis deemed a priority danger to Germany, were the primary victims of Nazi racism. DEFINITION OF JUDAISM Holocaust -->Definitions for
the different
groups/types
of Jews! BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT JUDAISM
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