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Arabic Loan Word Phonology

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Jaimee Jones

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of Arabic Loan Word Phonology

Loanword
- word which one language has borrowed from another
Adaptation Processes
Reveals phonological structures
Emergent Patterns
Segmental/ Phonotactic Adaptation
Loanword Phonology
Segmental/Phonotactic Adaptation
Segmental:
Foreign sounds are replaced by most similar native sound

No universal measure of similarity


Phonotactics
: sequences in which phonemes are able to form in a given language

Word-Initial Clusters:
Epenthesis preferred
Word-Final Coda Consonants/Clusters:
Neither epenthesis nor deletion clearly favored
.
Emergent Patterns
Too-Many-Solutions Problem
English loan words in Hawaiian: /b/--> /p/
Divergent Repair
Unnecessary Repair
English loan words in Korean: vowel epenthesis when not required
Differential Importation

SOLUTIONS

Grammar-External Factors
The Colorless Green Ideas
Arabic Loanword Phonology
Results
Metathesis
Deletion
Epenthesis
Vowels
Consonants
[p]
[v]
Most Common
Less Common
[g]
No significant changes were made with [n] and
Arabic Phonology
Consonants
What we hypothesized...
Arabic Phonology
Vowels
Our predictions...
Arabic Phonology
Syllable Structure
Arabic adheres to a (C)V(C)(C) syllable structure; therefore, it's maximum structure is CVCC, and it will only allow for consonant clusters in the coda position of a syllable.
Our hypothesis...
When confronted with a loanword that is offensive to their language's syllable structure, Arabic speakers will use epenthesis, rather than deletion, as the preferred method of repair.
Methodology
We found native Arabic speakers of varying degrees of proficiency and asked them to participate in our research.
Speakers were asked to read a short story containing three types of English loanwords. These types were as follows:
1. Common loanwords adapted into Arabic.
2. English proper nouns that a speaker was less likely to have encountered.
3. Nonsense words that sound English.
Readings were recorded.
We transcribed and analyzed the data.
Future Research
Revise Story (Arabic Environment)
Make a larger and more focused word pool
More Language Consultants (15-20) from the the same region
Look into Stress Patterns, Metathesis, Reaction Time, and Consonant/Vowel Deletion
Kang, Yoonjung. "Loanword Phonology." The Blackwell Companion to Phonology. Ed. Marc Van Oostendorp. Vol.4. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2011. 2258-2282. Web.
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