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Arabic Loan Word Phonology
Transcript of Arabic Loan Word Phonology
- word which one language has borrowed from another
Reveals phonological structures
Segmental/ Phonotactic Adaptation
Foreign sounds are replaced by most similar native sound
No universal measure of similarity
: sequences in which phonemes are able to form in a given language
Word-Final Coda Consonants/Clusters:
Neither epenthesis nor deletion clearly favored
English loan words in Hawaiian: /b/--> /p/
English loan words in Korean: vowel epenthesis when not required
The Colorless Green Ideas
Arabic Loanword Phonology
No significant changes were made with [n] and
What we hypothesized...
Arabic adheres to a (C)V(C)(C) syllable structure; therefore, it's maximum structure is CVCC, and it will only allow for consonant clusters in the coda position of a syllable.
When confronted with a loanword that is offensive to their language's syllable structure, Arabic speakers will use epenthesis, rather than deletion, as the preferred method of repair.
We found native Arabic speakers of varying degrees of proficiency and asked them to participate in our research.
Speakers were asked to read a short story containing three types of English loanwords. These types were as follows:
1. Common loanwords adapted into Arabic.
2. English proper nouns that a speaker was less likely to have encountered.
3. Nonsense words that sound English.
Readings were recorded.
We transcribed and analyzed the data.
Revise Story (Arabic Environment)
Make a larger and more focused word pool
More Language Consultants (15-20) from the the same region
Look into Stress Patterns, Metathesis, Reaction Time, and Consonant/Vowel Deletion
Kang, Yoonjung. "Loanword Phonology." The Blackwell Companion to Phonology. Ed. Marc Van Oostendorp. Vol.4. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2011. 2258-2282. Web.