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Transcript of Feminism: 1960s
Historical Background of Feminism
A Woman's Position in the World...
In 1960, the world of American women was limited in almost every respect, from family life to the workplace. A woman was expected to follow one path,to marry in her early 20s, start a family quickly, and devote her life to homemaking. As one woman at the time put it, "The female doesn't really expect a lot from life. Shes here as someones keeper, her husbands or her children's." (Ulga)
The 38 percent of American women who worked in 1960 were largely limited to jobs as teacher, nurse, or secretaries.
Theme: The theme in A&P is The Power of Desire
Just an Object?
How Women Were Viewed
Symbolism & Conflict
In constant studies, Women in the 1960s were viewed as the ideal housewife, someone who will stay home and cook and take care of the children.
(Represents a woman in the 1960s)
(Represents Society, and how they treat the women)
(Represents the everyday man)
An overview of A&P
"The main role of the woman in the 1960s was that of being a housewife"
The moment the girls walk in the store, every mans gaze is upon them. The girls have a power over the men there, causing them to do different things. Sammy, for example, quits his job. "The girls, and who'd blame them, are in a hurry to get out, so I say "I quit" to Lengel quick enough for them to hear, hoping they'll stop and watch me, their unsuspected hero."
The feminist movement of the 1960s and '70s originally focused on dismantling workplace inequality, such as denial of access to better jobs and salary inequity, via anti-discrimination laws.
-Shows a woman's position in society
-Shows a man's Position in society
-Shows the respect a man has towards a woman.
-Outer conflict, and inner conflict.
Symbolism & Conflict Cont.
- The Inner conflict in the story is the choice Sammy makes to quit, after seeing the way his manager treated the girls. Even though Sammy quit, he knows it is not the best decision to make, he just wants to show off in a way. "It's true I don't [want to quit] But it seems to me once you begin a gesture its fatal not to go through with it" (Updike).
-The Outer Conflict in the story is the Physical conflict going on between the manager and the girls. The manager thinks that what the girls are wearing, which happens to be bikinis, is inappropriate for the store. "Girls, this isn't a beach," He adds, "We want you decently dressed when you come in here." The girls argue back, "We are decent" (Updike).
FreeWheel Team. "CGI Animated Short Film HD: "Free Wheel" by the Free Wheel Team." YouTube. YouTube, 13 Aug. 2013. Web. 30 May 2014.
Landau, Elizabeth. "Men See Bikini-clad Women as Objects, Psychologists Say." CNN. Cable News Network, 2 Apr. 2009. Web. 30 May 2014.
Thomas, Marlo. "1001 Feminist Quotes." - The Feminist EZine. Toronto SEO, n.d. Web. 30 May 2014.
Updike, John, and John Updike. A&P. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett Crest, 1965. Print.
Thesis Statement: In the short story A&P, by John Updike, he shows how women in the 1960s were treated and visualized.
The video shows how women dress to stand out in society. Also, how men viewed women at that time.
Updike was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, the only child of Linda Grace and Wesley Russell Updike, and was raised in the nearby small town of Shillington. The family later moved to the unincorporated village of Plowville. Updike stayed at The New Yorker as a full staff writer for only two years, writing "Talk of the Town" columns and submitting poetry and short stories to the magazine. He died of lung cancer at a hospice in Danvers, Massachusetts, on January 27, 2009, at the age of 76.
John Updike Bio
The critical approach that I am using is a Feminism Critique, and Gender Criticism.
-Both address issues of masculinity/femininity as binaries, sexual orientation, hetereosexism, and differences in sexes. Both are political activities concerned with fair representation and treatment of people.