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Korean Culture Presentation

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Kat Sayre

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Korean Culture Presentation

Korean Culture Presentation
Teaching Korean Students
Schools in Korea
Teaching & Instructional Style
Discipline and Class Management
School Relationships
Behavior You Might See
Strategies in the Classroom
Happy Birthday or Whatever
Track Suits, Kim Chee, and Other Family Disasters
Background Information
Cultural Information
David Rinella, Kat Sayre, Myoungsoon Kim
South Korea (대한민국, or Daehan Minguk)
Population: 50,219,669
Official Language: Korean
Currency: Won
Located on the Korean Peninsula
Values & Beliefs
Gender roles
Family structures
Time and Space
Schools in Korea
Education is funded by government, family, and private foundations.
High school: pay tuition, buy textbooks
Government prescribed curriculum
Coeducational schools

Teaching and Instructional Style
Teacher-centered, teacher as giver of knowledge
Students rarely ask questions, but instead answer on a blackboard - students feel ashamed to ask questions and not understanding
Group work is rare and grouping never ability-based
Rote memorization is primary instructional style
Discipline and Class Management
Typically very few discipline problems
Serious offenses, students sent to homeroom teacher or parents called
Teachers may use disgrace and shame to motivate student behavior
School Relationships
Pointing out a shortcoming to a student in front of the class provokes deep shame.
Teacher is serious and strict with students.
Students show respect by
Avoiding eye contact
Nodding head to show respect for teacher's efforts, not for understanding
Students interact according to the age, gender, and status distinctions in the vertical society
Expected Behavior
Smiles aren't always happy, they also mean "sorry"
Students submit papers by holding to teacher with both hands
Students are silent when they do not understand
Writing a person's name in ink means their mother might die.
Students address the teacher as "teacher" not "Mr." or "Mrs."
Address people by last name, not first name
Children show respect through obedience
Values and Beliefs
Filial Piety
Respect for the old
Loyalty to superiors
Harmonious relations
Don't display criticism in public, but rather do so in private, especially for recent immigrants.
Do make direct eye-contact in order to present yourself as honest and interested.
Don't be offended by lack of eye contact or participation in class.
Do understand cultural differences like the Korean value on interdependence and on the needs of the group or family, compared to the Western value of independence and personal achievement..
Buddhism (26%)
Protestantism (Over 15%)
Catholicism (9%)
Non-Believers (43%)
Other (3%)
Korean First Kingdom - Gojosen (2333B.C.)
Three Kingdoms and Gaya (5th century)
United silla and Balhae (8th century)
Goryeo Dynasty (11th century)
Joseon Dynasty(15th century)
Japanese Occupation (1910-1945)
Founding of the Republic of Korea (1948)
North Korea's Invasion of the South Korea
Autobiography of Annie Choi, a Korean immigrant to the US.
Chronicles a series of notable moments, events, and escapades in her family life.
Family spoke Korean at home, but her English eventually overtook her own Korean.
Gender roles
Influenced by the deep-rooted patriarchal Confucian customs of society
Modern egalitarianism coexists and at times clashes with traditional values
Traditional values-male superiority
Education Field: Equal opportunity to males and Females
Workplace: Male-dominated
Women keep their maiden name even after they are married.
Mountainous, temperate climate
99% of the population of Korean ethnicity
2.7% percent hold foreign citizenship but are of Korean descent
Democratic government (Current President: Park Geun-hye)
Family Structure
Nuclear family is standard - 55%
Three generation - 6.9%
Four generation - 0.1%
The majority of families - one child
The average number of family members - 2.88
The elderly are very well respected by younger generation.
Time and Space
Fluid time culture : relationship-oriented
- In business or formal situation : punctuality
- Informal situation : depends on people
Korean phrase "Bbali Bbali": quick quick

Lack the awareness of space - South Korean's population density is more than 10times the global average.
Two Korean New Years - both the solar and lunar calendar

Teakwondo - Korean martial art.

Clothing - Hanbok

House - Hanok

Food - Rice and banchan
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