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The Salem Witch Trials

PP of The Salem Witch Trials for Semester Project- US History

Sonja Trocke

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of The Salem Witch Trials

By Sonja Trocke The Salem Witch Trials What Were They? The Conditions Of The Imprisoned Witchcraft The Accused The Trials Salem Witch Trials Map The Salem Witch Trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts Prisons were overflowing with people awaiting hearings and trials Sometime during February of the exceptionally cold winter of 1692, young Betty Paris, age 9, became strangely ill. She dashed about, dove under furniture, contorted in pain, and complained of fever. The first three to be accused of witchcraft were Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn. Tituba was Rev. Paris's Black slave, and did many poultry things like divine the future for the girls. Talk of witchcraft increased when other playmates of Betty, including Ann Putnam, age 11, Mercy Lewis, age 17, and Mary Walcott, began to exhibit similar unusual behavior. Took place between February 1692 and May 1693. Took place in Salem Village (now Danvers), Ipswich, Andover and Salem Town. The stench of unwashed bodies, waste buckets, and disease, was extreme. Prisoners often contracted illness in the prisons, before they were condemned. Proper medical treatment was often not given to the prisoners. Rats, lice, and other parasites were rampant. Over 150 People were accused, arrested and imprisoned. Her cousin Abigail Williams, age 11, the niece of Reverend Parris, began to have similar fits. The girls screamed, threw things about the room, uttered strange sounds, crawled under furniture, and contorted themselves into peculiar positions. The girls complained of being pinched and poked with pins. A doctor, historically assumed to be William Griggs, could find no physical evidence of any ailment. Other young women in the village began to exhibit similar behaviors. The Accusers When his own remedies failed to cure, William Griggs, the doctor called to examine the girls, suggested that the girls' problems might have a supernatural origin. The widespread belief that witches targeted children made the doctor's diagnosis seem increasing likely. And that's when the Accusations started... Other villagers came forward to offer stories of cheese and butter that had mysteriously gone bad or animals born with deformities after a visit by one of the suspects. When hundreds of people showed up for the trials they were moved to the meeting house. At the examinations, the girls described attacks by the 'specters' of the three women, and fell into their, by-that-time-perfected pattern of contortions when in the presence of one of the suspects. Bibliography Linder, Douglas O. "The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692." The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692. Missouri-Kansas City Law School, 01 Sept. 2009. Web. 08 Jan. 2013 Stone plaques Like this one have been made in memory of the People who were hanged during the Salem Witch Trials The People Who Hanged Bridget Bishop Rebecca Nurse Alice Parker Mary Parker John Proctor Ann Pudeator Wilmott Redd Margaret Scott Samuel Wardwell Sarah Wildes Susannah Martin John Willard George Jacobs, Sr. Elizabeth Howe Sarah Good Mary Easty Martha Corey Martha Carrier George Burroughs Because of the nature of their alleged crime, victims were not allowed to be buried in consecrated ground-->(A real Grave) . Unofficial records have it that families came to Gallows Hill to claim their relatives and buried their bodies privately. A memorial honoring the victims of the witch trials was built in Salem in 1992. "Salem's Most Visited Museum." Salem Witch Museum. Salem Witch Museum, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. Electronic: Book: Kent, Kathleen. The Heretic's Daughter: A Novel. New York: Little, Brown and, 2008. Print. Video: History Channel, "Salem Witchcraft Trials" (50 minutes)(1998). Discovery Channel, "The Salem Witchcraft Trials"
(50 minutes) ""The cases of Sarah Good, Sarah Wilds, Elizabeth How, Susannah Martin, and Rebecca Nurse were heard next by the court on June 29, 1692. Unlike Bridget Bishop’s trial, spectral evidence was a key in the conviction of four of the five accused. The one accused who escaped a guilty verdict was Rebecca Nurse. However, when the jurors announced a not guilty verdict in her case, the afflicted girls howled, thrashed about, and rolled around on the floor. With the courtroom in an uproar, the judges asked the jury to reconsider its decision. When they did, a guilty verdict was returned. Rebecca Nurse, along with the other four convicted women, were hanged July 19, 1692, on Gallows Hill. "" ---Tim Sutter © 2000-2003
Salem Witchcraft: The Events and Causes of the Salem Witch Trials Spectral Evidence ( the 'fake-but-credible')---- is a form of evidence based upon dreams and visions. Spectral evidence was testimony that the accused witch's spirit appeared to the witness in a dream or vision (for example, a black cat or wolf). The dream or vision was admitted as evidence. Sutter, Tim. "Salem Witchcraft: The Events and Causes of the Salem Witch Trials." Salem Witchcraft. N.p., 2000-2003. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. Spectral Evidence was admitted in court during the Salem witch trials by the appointed chief justice, William Stoughton. Thus, witnesses (who were often the accusers) would testify against the accused and it was taken as evidence that the accused were responsible for the biting, pinching and choking even though they were elsewhere at the time. http://www.newsrealblog.com/2011/04/07/great-moments-in-multiculturalism-the-saudi-black-magic-edition/ http://moderncollecting.wordpress.com/ http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Salem-Witch-Trial-1692-Posters_i8674218_.htm http://news.lib.uchicago.edu/blog/2012/10/29/the-salem-witch-trials-a-legal-bibliography-for-halloween/ http://pinterest.com/bellanichole75/music-and-movies/ http://www.salemweb.com/memorial/chronology.shtml http://www.badwitch.co.uk/2010/06/anniversary-of-salem-witch-trial.html http://people.tribe.net/b2697e2b-fde9-471b-8b82-eb81add5cde5/blog/9cc8628a-2098-4c99-9684-d6d83c537668 http://kenanomon.deviantart.com/art/Witchcraft-Rework-274236012 http://cmapspublic2.ihmc.us/rid=1H2HC1CP8-DLRJWP-2G1C/Salem%20Witch%20Trials.cmap http://stmravens.wordpress.com/2011/12/01/stma-drama-playing-to-a-full-house-in-the-crucible/ Because of the guilt and shame that the town of salem felt for it's horrible deed many of the members of the legislature that condemned the Salem citizens, signed a formal apology a couple years later. A Memorial was dedicated by Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel in August 1992 as part of the Salem Witch Trials Tercentenary Many innocent people were murdered during the salem witch trials because of Religion and the false accusations of others. http://www.salemwitchmuseum.com/tour/danwtm.shtml Bonus Video :) "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMqqjTY8uu8"
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